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Most-read articles are from the articles published in 2020 during the last three month.

Original Articles
Influence of Subjective Gambling Norms and Big-Win/Big-Loss Experiences on Severity of Gambling Behavior
Jungwoo Park, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2022;30(1):1-6.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.1.1
  • 454 View
  • 41 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of subjective gambling norms and big-win/big-loss experiences on the severity of gambling behavior.
Methods
A total of 330 participants responded to a questionnaire assessing subjective gambling norms, severity of gambling behavior, and big-win and big-loss experiences.
Results
Subjective gambling norms and big-loss experiences had a significant positive impact on gambling severity. However, the interaction effects of subjective gambling norms and big-loss experiences on gambling severity were not significant.
Conclusions
The results of this study can facilitate an improved understanding of the path of gambling addiction. Further, the findings clarify the implications of interventions pertaining to subjective gambling norms and big-loss experiences.
Meta-Analysis of Correlations among the Subfactors of the 20-Item Toronto Alexithymia Scale
Minseong Jeon, Jaeeun Shin, Taehun Lee
STRESS. 2021;29(3):187-198.   Published online September 30, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2021.29.3.187
  • 452 View
  • 4 Download
  • 1 Citations
PDF
The Influencing Factors of Burnout in Nurses in the COVID-19 Pandemic Disaster
Jeong Yee Bae, Eun-kyung Lee, Bi-Joo Kim, Eun Ju Lee
STRESS. 2021;29(2):80-86.   Published online June 30, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2021.29.2.80
  • 390 View
  • 30 Download
  • 5 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background

This study aims to identify factors influencing burnout in nurses during COVID-19 disaster situations.

Methods

The research subjects were 131 nurses who had the experience of nursing patients during the COVID-19 pandemic, and were selected through convenience sampling. The collected data were subjected to percentage, mean and standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis using the SPSS version 24.0 program.

Results

Burnout in nurses showed a statistically significant correlation with anxiety, PTSD, and depression. It was also confirmed that nurses’ depression and shift work were important factors that had significant effects on burnout.

Conclusions

In preparation for new infectious diseases that are expected to become more frequent in the future, a policy to supply nursing manpower and prevent burnout is necessary. In addition, it is necessary to introduce various work systems and develop and disseminate intervention programs for depression and burnout.

The Relationship between Chronotype and Physical Quality of Life in College Students: The Mediating Effect of Fatigue and Academic Burnout
Hae Lim Noh, Oh Jin Kwon, Eun-Jung Shim
STRESS. 2021;29(4):220-226.   Published online December 31, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2021.29.4.220
  • 321 View
  • 18 Download
PDF
Review Article
Effects of Community-Based Psychological Interventions on Depressive Symptoms and Blood Glucose Control for Older Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Heajin Yu, Boyoung Hwang
STRESS. 2020;28(1):1-9.   Published online March 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2020.28.1.1
  • 320 View
  • 17 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF

본 연구에서는 노인 당뇨 환자를 대상으로 한 지역사회 기반 심리 중재가 환자들의 우울 증상과 혈당조절에 미치는 효과를 체계적으로 고찰하였다. 국내외 7개의 데이터베이스를 사용하여, 2008년 1월 1일부터 2018년 7월 31일까지 발표된 문헌들을 확인하였다. 선정기준에 따라 다섯 편의 연구가 최종 선정되었으며, 총 대상자는 제2형 당뇨 진단을 받은 지역사회 거주 노인 596명이었다. 메타분석에 선정된 네 편의 연구 모두 행동 교육을 목적으로 프로그램을 구성하였다. 추후에는 표본 크기를 늘려 심리적 중재 프로그램을 시행하는 것이 바람직하며 더욱 다양한 지역에서 수행하는 것이 필요함을 확인할 수 있었다.

Original Articles
The Role of Meaning in Life in the Relationship between Stress, Pleasure, and Depression
Dayeah Shin
STRESS. 2022;30(1):30-36.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.1.30
  • 277 View
  • 29 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
Discovering personal value and living a meaningful life are essential tasks for humans. The pursuit of existential meaning, which is a key motivator for life, is related to various psychological health factors and helps overcome stressful events. In this study, we aimed to identify the moderating effects of meaning in life on the relationship between stress, pleasure, and depression.
Methods
The moderating effects of meaning in life on the relationship between stress, pleasure, and depression were examined in a sample of 144 college students.
Results
Meaning in life had a significant strengthening effect on the impact of stressful life events on experience of pleasure and a buffering effect on the impacts of stressful life events on depression.
Conclusions
The findings demonstrated that discovering meaning in life could improve the experience of pleasure and mitigate depression due to stressful life events. Additionally, the results suggested a need for intervention to increase meaning in life for college students who experience stressful life events.
Emotional Labor and its Related Factors in Nurses in the Outpatient Department
Eun-Jeong Ma, Kuemsun Han
STRESS. 2020;28(3):160-166.   Published online September 30, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2020.28.3.160
  • 272 View
  • 3 Download
  • 3 Citations
Abstract PDF

본 연구는 외래근무 간호사의 감정노동과 관련요인의 관계를 규명하기 위한 서술적 상관관계연구이다. 대상자는 서울, 경기 지역 대학병원에서 근무하는 외래간호사 236명으로 하였으며, 감정노동과 관련요인(직무자율성, 사회적 지지, 자아존중감, 감성지능, 정서상태, 지각된 감정요구)에 대한 척도를 사용하였다. 지각된 감정 요구도가 높을수록 감정노동 정도가 높고, 직무자율성, 자아존중감이 높을수록 감정노동 정도가 낮게 나타났다. 감정노동 설명 요인을 확인하기 위한 다중회귀분석 결과, 자아존중감과 지각된 감정요구는 감정노동을 30.9% 설명하는 것으로 나타났다. 이에 따라 간호관리자와 병원경영자는 외래근무 간호사의 감정노동과 관련요인의 부정적 효과를 최소화하고, 감정노동을 감소시키기 위한 교육프로그램 개발이 요구된다.

The Moderating Effect of Help-Seeking on the Relationship between Experience of School Violence and Internalizing Behaviors
Seon Ok Son, Hyunyong Park
STRESS. 2022;30(1):15-21.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.1.15
  • 271 View
  • 23 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
This study aimed to examine the role of help-seeking in the relationships between the experience of school violence and internalizing behaviors.
Methods
Data of a total of 1,402 adolescents aged 13∼14 years from the Seoul Panel Study of Children were utilized in the study. Multiple regression was employed to examine the moderating effect of help-seeking behaviors.
Results
Findings are as follows: First, the experience of school violence was associated with higher levels of internalizing problems, such as depression and withdrawn behavior. Second, help-seeking behaviors reduced the effect of school violence on internalizing problem behaviors such as depression and withdrawn behavior.
Conclusions
The findings highlight the need for education on help-seeking behaviors for adolescents and for building discussion networks to help adolescents ameliorate the negative impact of school violence.
Identification and Characterization of Alexithymia Subgroups by Latent Profile Analysis of TAS-20K
Jaeeun Shin, Sojin Yun, Taehun Lee
STRESS. 2022;30(1):22-29.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.1.22
  • 260 View
  • 11 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
The present study aimed to investigate the number of latent groups that can be identified on the basis on the level of difficulties identifying feelings (DIF), difficulties in describing feelings (DDF), and externally oriented thinking (EOT).
Methods
DIF, DDF, and EOT are the sub-factors of the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale. Latent profile analysis was performed to identify the subgroups and investigate their properties. A total of 237 Korean university and graduate students were included in the study, and alexithymia subtypes were classified into 5 latent groups.
Results
The groups were classified according to the DIF and DDF scores. Furthermore, it was observed that the EOT did not play a role in classifying the groups. The higher the DIF and DDF scores, the higher were the levels of depression and anxiety. The type 2 latent group, which had a unique profile with the highest DIF level and an average DDF level, showed high levels of depression and anxiety.
Conclusions
These results suggest that the DIF significantly affects psychological adaptation, thus warranting the consideration of this parameter in counseling and psychotherapy.
Relationship among Perceived Male Friendliness Nursing Programs, Gender Role Stereotype, and Major Satisfaction in Korean Male Nursing Students
Sunhee Cho, So-Hi Kwon, In Suk Rho
STRESS. 2020;28(4):213-220.   Published online December 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2020.28.4.213
  • 252 View
  • 3 Download
  • 3 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background

This study aimed to evaluate the perceived male friendliness in nursing programs and to identify the relationship of this with gender role stereotype and major satisfaction.

Methods

A convenience sample of 193 male nursing students was recruited for the cross-sectional survey design. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, independent t-test, and one-way ANOVA with the SPSS/WIN 21.0.

Results

The mean scores of male friendliness, major satisfaction, and gender role stereotype were 2.94±0.35, 3.72±0.81, and 2.58±0.53, respectively. Perceived male friendliness in nursing programs was found to be correlated with gender role stereotype (r=−.215, p<.001). Participants who completed maternal nursing courses showed lower male friendliness (t=−4.53, p<.001).

Conclusions

Improving the male friendliness of maternal nursing courses and flexible gender role stereotyping should be considered when developing effective strategies to improve male friendliness in nursing programs.

간호대학생의 기질 및 성격 유형에 따른 주관적 행복감
EunJoo Kim, Geunmyun Kim
STRESS. 2020;28(2):76-83.   Published online June 30, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2020.28.2.76
  • 252 View
  • 4 Download
Abstract PDF
Background

Happiness is an issue on college campuses because college is a time of transition to adult and professional life. In particular, nursing college students feel an excessive burden on patient care and relationships with medical staff in heavy academic stress and clinical practice at universities, causing psychological disorders such as tension, anxiety, depression, etc. due to these problems. The purpose of this study is to identify the temperament and personality types of nursing college students and to identify the factors that affect each type of subjective happiness.

Methods

The research method used TCI-RS to identify the temperament and character, and subjective happiness was measured using Oxford’s happiness sensitivity tool. The statistical methods utilized the methods of technical statistics, ANOVA, and multiplicity.

Results

The percent of below 30 percentile of self-transcendence (ST) and persistence (P) were 48.4%, 43.7% whereas The percent of above 70percentile correspondence (CO), self-directedness+cooperativeness (SC), and reward dependence (RD) were 50.7%, 49.3%, 39.0%. Factors affecting the subjective happiness of nursing college students are harm avoidance (HA) (β=−.16), p<.001), RD (β=27, p<.001), self-directedness (SD) (β=.59, p<.001) and 69% explained. Nursing college students had higher subjective happiness as autonomous students and higher social sensitivity. In comparison, the lower the hedging tendency, the higher subjective happiness.

Conclusions

To enhance subjective happiness of nursing college students, arbitration seems to be necessary considering the temperament and character of individual students.

고등학생의 학업소진과 정신건강, 부모의 성취압력, 학업과다의 관계
Yeon Ok Yeom, Youl Pyo Hong, Kyeong Min Kim, Young Lim Lee, Myung Ho Lim
STRESS. 2020;28(2):61-67.   Published online June 30, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2020.28.2.61
  • 249 View
  • 10 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background

The purpose of this study was to test the relationships between academic burnout, mental health, parental achievement pressure, and academic demand in high school students.

Methods

For these aims of this study, data were collected from 430 students (185 males, 245 females) in three Korean high schools. It was used Korean Academic Burnout Scale, Parental achievement pressure, academic demand, and Symptom Check List-47. The research method used t-test to find out the difference of each variable according to academic burnout, and the variables predicting academic burnout through hierarchical multiple regression analysis.

Results

As a result of correlation analysis, academic burnout showed negative correlation with achievement, and high positive correlation with all variables of mental health and academic demand. The results of multiple regression analysis revealed that academic burnout affects achievement, academic demand and depression in the subfactors of mental health.

Conclusions

These findings suggest that interventional efforts are needed for these emotional factors.

상실을 경험한 대학생의 낙관성이 심리적 안녕감에 미치는 영향: 고통 감내력, 애도 회피, 침투적 반추, 의도적 반추의 매개효과
La Yeoung Kim, Jin Yi Jang
STRESS. 2020;28(3):107-117.   Published online September 30, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2020.28.3.107
  • 242 View
  • 4 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background

This study sought to analyze the structural relationships between optimism, distress tolerance, grief avoidance, intrusive rumination, deliberate rumination, and psychological well-being among undergraduates who have experienced a loss.

Methods

Subjects comprised 435 university students (258 females and 177 males), with their duration of grief experience and the elapsed period from when the loss occurred having been taken into consideration.

Results

Distress tolerance, grief avoidance, intrusive rumination, and deliberate rumination mediated the relationship between optimism and psychological well-being sequentially. Additionally, there were significant differences between the “less than 6 months” and “more than 6 months” groups in the structural relationships between optimism, distress tolerance, grief avoidance, intrusive rumination, deliberate rumination, and psychological well-being.

Conclusions

The direct path of grief avoidance to psychological well-being was not significant, but it was found to have a significant effect through the sequential mediations of intrusive rumination and deliberate rumination. This result suggests the need for active intervention to allow people to face and cope with life after a loss, without avoiding the loss experience.

The Relationship between Mindfulness and Shame: Moderated Mediating Effect of Self-Blame and Self-Compassion for College Students
Yong Hee Kim
STRESS. 2020;28(1):17-24.   Published online March 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2020.28.1.17
  • 242 View
  • 9 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background

The purpose of this study was to explore the moderated mediating effect of self-compassion through self-blame on the relationship between mindfulness and shame.

Methods

A total of 315 college students participated in this study by completing the following questionnaires: Mindfulness Scale, Depressive Experience Questionnaire, Self-Compassion Scale, State Shame and Guilt Scale. Data were analyzed through SPSS22.0 and its macro. The main findings were as follows.

Results

First, the result of bootstrapping indicated that self-criticism partially mediated the relationship between mindfulness and shame. Second, hierarchical regression and slope analyses revealed the moderating effect of self-compassion on the relationship between self-criticism and shame. Finally, the results indicated that self-compassion moderated the mediating effect of mindfulness on shame through self-criticism.

Conclusions

Contributions of this study to an integrative understanding of the process of self-compassion was considered useful for future therapeutic intervention. Limitation and suggestions was also discussed.


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