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Most-download articles are from the articles published in 2020 during the last three month.

Original Articles
Influence of Subjective Gambling Norms and Big-Win/Big-Loss Experiences on Severity of Gambling Behavior
Jungwoo Park, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2022;30(1):1-6.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.1.1
  • 454 View
  • 41 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of subjective gambling norms and big-win/big-loss experiences on the severity of gambling behavior.
Methods
A total of 330 participants responded to a questionnaire assessing subjective gambling norms, severity of gambling behavior, and big-win and big-loss experiences.
Results
Subjective gambling norms and big-loss experiences had a significant positive impact on gambling severity. However, the interaction effects of subjective gambling norms and big-loss experiences on gambling severity were not significant.
Conclusions
The results of this study can facilitate an improved understanding of the path of gambling addiction. Further, the findings clarify the implications of interventions pertaining to subjective gambling norms and big-loss experiences.
The Influencing Factors of Burnout in Nurses in the COVID-19 Pandemic Disaster
Jeong Yee Bae, Eun-kyung Lee, Bi-Joo Kim, Eun Ju Lee
STRESS. 2021;29(2):80-86.   Published online June 30, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2021.29.2.80
  • 390 View
  • 30 Download
  • 5 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background

This study aims to identify factors influencing burnout in nurses during COVID-19 disaster situations.

Methods

The research subjects were 131 nurses who had the experience of nursing patients during the COVID-19 pandemic, and were selected through convenience sampling. The collected data were subjected to percentage, mean and standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis using the SPSS version 24.0 program.

Results

Burnout in nurses showed a statistically significant correlation with anxiety, PTSD, and depression. It was also confirmed that nurses’ depression and shift work were important factors that had significant effects on burnout.

Conclusions

In preparation for new infectious diseases that are expected to become more frequent in the future, a policy to supply nursing manpower and prevent burnout is necessary. In addition, it is necessary to introduce various work systems and develop and disseminate intervention programs for depression and burnout.

The Role of Meaning in Life in the Relationship between Stress, Pleasure, and Depression
Dayeah Shin
STRESS. 2022;30(1):30-36.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.1.30
  • 277 View
  • 29 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
Discovering personal value and living a meaningful life are essential tasks for humans. The pursuit of existential meaning, which is a key motivator for life, is related to various psychological health factors and helps overcome stressful events. In this study, we aimed to identify the moderating effects of meaning in life on the relationship between stress, pleasure, and depression.
Methods
The moderating effects of meaning in life on the relationship between stress, pleasure, and depression were examined in a sample of 144 college students.
Results
Meaning in life had a significant strengthening effect on the impact of stressful life events on experience of pleasure and a buffering effect on the impacts of stressful life events on depression.
Conclusions
The findings demonstrated that discovering meaning in life could improve the experience of pleasure and mitigate depression due to stressful life events. Additionally, the results suggested a need for intervention to increase meaning in life for college students who experience stressful life events.
The Moderating Effect of Help-Seeking on the Relationship between Experience of School Violence and Internalizing Behaviors
Seon Ok Son, Hyunyong Park
STRESS. 2022;30(1):15-21.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.1.15
  • 271 View
  • 23 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
This study aimed to examine the role of help-seeking in the relationships between the experience of school violence and internalizing behaviors.
Methods
Data of a total of 1,402 adolescents aged 13∼14 years from the Seoul Panel Study of Children were utilized in the study. Multiple regression was employed to examine the moderating effect of help-seeking behaviors.
Results
Findings are as follows: First, the experience of school violence was associated with higher levels of internalizing problems, such as depression and withdrawn behavior. Second, help-seeking behaviors reduced the effect of school violence on internalizing problem behaviors such as depression and withdrawn behavior.
Conclusions
The findings highlight the need for education on help-seeking behaviors for adolescents and for building discussion networks to help adolescents ameliorate the negative impact of school violence.
Factors Influencing Soldiers’ Smartphone Use during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Focusing on COVID-19 Stress and Social Support
Soo Mi Jang, Hee Yeon Lee, Ji Hyeong Jeong
STRESS. 2022;30(1):7-14.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.1.7
  • 222 View
  • 21 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
This study aimed to investigate the influence of COVID-19 stress on the level of smartphone use among soldiers. In addition, it explores the potential moderating effect of social support as a protective factor.
Methods
We collected responses from 205 soldiers serving in one military division in Chungcheongbuk-do using cross-sectional online and offline surveys. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson correlations, and hierarchical regression analysis using the SPSS 27.0 program.
Results
Controlling for covariates, COVID-19 stress and social support were significant factors influencing the level of smartphone use. The analysis did not identify a moderating effect of social support on the relationship between pandemic stress and smartphone use.
Conclusions
Our study results could help military and mental health organizations intervene in problematic smartphone use by creating programs for soldiers at high risk for COVID-19 stress.
Effects of a Healing Rhythm System Based on ECG Waveform Simulation on Stress, EEG, Heart Rate, and Anxiety in University Students; A Randomized Controlled Trial
Jae Kyeum Lee, Ik-Lyul Bae
STRESS. 2020;28(4):237-245.   Published online December 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2020.28.4.237
  • 218 View
  • 20 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background

This study is a randomized control trial (RCT) to compare the effects of the electrocardiogram waveform simulation-based Healing Rhythm System on stress, electroencephalography (EEG), heart rate, and anxiety on healthy college students. Healthy college students without any disease were recruited. A total of 68 participants were collected and analyzed in 31 experimental groups, 17 placebo group, and 20 control group.

Methods

The analysis method was repeated measurement of ANOVA and it was conducted 8 times in total. The effect measurement was checked before and after exposure to stressors and six times every five minutes after intervention.

Results

The results of the study showed that stress was significantly different in the experimental group at 10 minutes (F=4.33, p=.017) and 15 minutes after the intervention, and the EEG was significantly different in the experimental group at the relative alpha Fp1, F3 (F=5.753, p=.005) after the intervention, and the heart rate was significantly different in the experimental group at 15 minutes and 20 minutes (F=3.586, p=.033). The anxiety was significantly different in the experimental group after the pre and post-treatment of stressors (F=18.609, p<.001).

Conclusions

Therefore, HR system will be widely used as a program to induce calming to healthy university students in stressful situations.

The Role of Trauma in Addiction and Recovery: A Qualitative Meta-Synthesis
Jandi Kim, Misook Kim, Youjin Shin, Byunghee Kim, Sungjae Kim
STRESS. 2021;29(1):45-59.   Published online March 31, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2021.29.1.45
  • 228 View
  • 19 Download
Abstract PDF
Background

Trauma is a physically or emotionally harmful or life-threatening event that negatively affects well-being. Recently, a high correlation between trauma and substance addiction has been recognized. The aim of this study is to synthesize qualitative studies to understand the effects of trauma involved in the addiction and recovery process.

Methods

By searching qualitative studies about addiction and recovery, 17 Korean studies (80 subjects) were finally included in our analysis.

Results

We recorded the traumas experienced, and their effects on addiction and recovery. Trauma reduced self-esteem and triggered psychological pain, while addiction was perceived as a countermeasure. As the trauma became accepted, participants acknowledged themselves, realized the value of their existence, and formed trusting relationships with others. Recovery progressed as the trauma healed.

Conclusions

Our study facilitates a comprehensive and systematic understanding of the role of trauma on addiction.

Effectiveness of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy Program Utilizing Literature for Mental Health of Menopausal Women
Yeong-Seon Hong, Kuem-Sun Han
STRESS. 2021;29(4):250-261.   Published online December 31, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2021.29.4.250
  • 196 View
  • 16 Download
PDF
The Relationship between Chronotype and Physical Quality of Life in College Students: The Mediating Effect of Fatigue and Academic Burnout
Hae Lim Noh, Oh Jin Kwon, Eun-Jung Shim
STRESS. 2021;29(4):220-226.   Published online December 31, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2021.29.4.220
  • 321 View
  • 18 Download
PDF
The Influence of Parental Psychological Control on Social Anxiety among College Students: The Mediating Effect of Self-Discrepancy and Validation from Others
Kyue Won Lee, Eun Young Park
STRESS. 2022;30(1):45-51.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.1.45
  • 205 View
  • 13 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
This study aimed to investigate the effects of parental psychological control on social anxiety among college students and to understand the mediating effect of self-discrepancy and validation from others between them.
Methods
The participants were 351 college students from Daegu and Gyeongsangbuk-do who responded to a survey. And structural equation model was used to analyze the data.
Results
First, there was no mediating effect of self-discrepancy between parental psychological control and social anxiety. Second, there was a significant mediating effect of validation from others between them. Finally, self-discrepancy and validation from others were found to sequentially mediate between parental psychological control and social anxiety.
Conclusions
This findings suggest that self-discrepancy and validation from others could be used as a therapeutic strategy in treatments.
Review Article
Effects of Community-Based Psychological Interventions on Depressive Symptoms and Blood Glucose Control for Older Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Heajin Yu, Boyoung Hwang
STRESS. 2020;28(1):1-9.   Published online March 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2020.28.1.1
  • 320 View
  • 17 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF

본 연구에서는 노인 당뇨 환자를 대상으로 한 지역사회 기반 심리 중재가 환자들의 우울 증상과 혈당조절에 미치는 효과를 체계적으로 고찰하였다. 국내외 7개의 데이터베이스를 사용하여, 2008년 1월 1일부터 2018년 7월 31일까지 발표된 문헌들을 확인하였다. 선정기준에 따라 다섯 편의 연구가 최종 선정되었으며, 총 대상자는 제2형 당뇨 진단을 받은 지역사회 거주 노인 596명이었다. 메타분석에 선정된 네 편의 연구 모두 행동 교육을 목적으로 프로그램을 구성하였다. 추후에는 표본 크기를 늘려 심리적 중재 프로그램을 시행하는 것이 바람직하며 더욱 다양한 지역에서 수행하는 것이 필요함을 확인할 수 있었다.

Original Articles
Factors Affecting Smartphone Overdependence among Older Adults
Ji-Eun Park, Nayoon Lee
STRESS. 2022;30(1):37-44.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.1.37
  • 218 View
  • 11 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
This study aimed to identify the factors affecting smartphone overdependence among older adults.
Methods
A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted with 179 older adults using smartphones in B metropolitan city. A multiple regression analysis was performed to identify the effect of physical activity, social support, and depression on smartphone overdependence.
Results
Factors that affect smartphone overdependence among the participants were as follows: (a) purpose of using smartphone (β=.23, p=.001), (b) age (β=.23, p=.002), (c) smartphone use time (β=.20, p=.004), (d) educational level (β=−.15, p=.027), and (e) social support (β=−.14, p=.048). The model explained for 19.0% (F=9.30, p<.001).
Conclusions
The findings of this study can be used as evidence to develop intervention programs and policy measures to prevent and manage smartphone overdependence, which has negative effects on the physical and mental health of older adults.
Identification and Characterization of Alexithymia Subgroups by Latent Profile Analysis of TAS-20K
Jaeeun Shin, Sojin Yun, Taehun Lee
STRESS. 2022;30(1):22-29.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.1.22
  • 260 View
  • 11 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
The present study aimed to investigate the number of latent groups that can be identified on the basis on the level of difficulties identifying feelings (DIF), difficulties in describing feelings (DDF), and externally oriented thinking (EOT).
Methods
DIF, DDF, and EOT are the sub-factors of the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale. Latent profile analysis was performed to identify the subgroups and investigate their properties. A total of 237 Korean university and graduate students were included in the study, and alexithymia subtypes were classified into 5 latent groups.
Results
The groups were classified according to the DIF and DDF scores. Furthermore, it was observed that the EOT did not play a role in classifying the groups. The higher the DIF and DDF scores, the higher were the levels of depression and anxiety. The type 2 latent group, which had a unique profile with the highest DIF level and an average DDF level, showed high levels of depression and anxiety.
Conclusions
These results suggest that the DIF significantly affects psychological adaptation, thus warranting the consideration of this parameter in counseling and psychotherapy.

STRESS : STRESS