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Volume 30(1); March 2022
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Original Articles
Influence of Subjective Gambling Norms and Big-Win/Big-Loss Experiences on Severity of Gambling Behavior
Jungwoo Park, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2022;30(1):1-6.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.1.1
  • 763 View
  • 63 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of subjective gambling norms and big-win/big-loss experiences on the severity of gambling behavior.
Methods
A total of 330 participants responded to a questionnaire assessing subjective gambling norms, severity of gambling behavior, and big-win and big-loss experiences.
Results
Subjective gambling norms and big-loss experiences had a significant positive impact on gambling severity. However, the interaction effects of subjective gambling norms and big-loss experiences on gambling severity were not significant.
Conclusions
The results of this study can facilitate an improved understanding of the path of gambling addiction. Further, the findings clarify the implications of interventions pertaining to subjective gambling norms and big-loss experiences.
Factors Influencing Soldiers’ Smartphone Use during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Focusing on COVID-19 Stress and Social Support
Soo Mi Jang, Hee Yeon Lee, Ji Hyeong Jeong
STRESS. 2022;30(1):7-14.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.1.7
  • 578 View
  • 47 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
This study aimed to investigate the influence of COVID-19 stress on the level of smartphone use among soldiers. In addition, it explores the potential moderating effect of social support as a protective factor.
Methods
We collected responses from 205 soldiers serving in one military division in Chungcheongbuk-do using cross-sectional online and offline surveys. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson correlations, and hierarchical regression analysis using the SPSS 27.0 program.
Results
Controlling for covariates, COVID-19 stress and social support were significant factors influencing the level of smartphone use. The analysis did not identify a moderating effect of social support on the relationship between pandemic stress and smartphone use.
Conclusions
Our study results could help military and mental health organizations intervene in problematic smartphone use by creating programs for soldiers at high risk for COVID-19 stress.
The Moderating Effect of Help-Seeking on the Relationship between Experience of School Violence and Internalizing Behaviors
Seon Ok Son, Hyunyong Park
STRESS. 2022;30(1):15-21.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.1.15
  • 575 View
  • 39 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
This study aimed to examine the role of help-seeking in the relationships between the experience of school violence and internalizing behaviors.
Methods
Data of a total of 1,402 adolescents aged 13∼14 years from the Seoul Panel Study of Children were utilized in the study. Multiple regression was employed to examine the moderating effect of help-seeking behaviors.
Results
Findings are as follows: First, the experience of school violence was associated with higher levels of internalizing problems, such as depression and withdrawn behavior. Second, help-seeking behaviors reduced the effect of school violence on internalizing problem behaviors such as depression and withdrawn behavior.
Conclusions
The findings highlight the need for education on help-seeking behaviors for adolescents and for building discussion networks to help adolescents ameliorate the negative impact of school violence.
Identification and Characterization of Alexithymia Subgroups by Latent Profile Analysis of TAS-20K
Jaeeun Shin, Sojin Yun, Taehun Lee
STRESS. 2022;30(1):22-29.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.1.22
  • 529 View
  • 18 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
The present study aimed to investigate the number of latent groups that can be identified on the basis on the level of difficulties identifying feelings (DIF), difficulties in describing feelings (DDF), and externally oriented thinking (EOT).
Methods
DIF, DDF, and EOT are the sub-factors of the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale. Latent profile analysis was performed to identify the subgroups and investigate their properties. A total of 237 Korean university and graduate students were included in the study, and alexithymia subtypes were classified into 5 latent groups.
Results
The groups were classified according to the DIF and DDF scores. Furthermore, it was observed that the EOT did not play a role in classifying the groups. The higher the DIF and DDF scores, the higher were the levels of depression and anxiety. The type 2 latent group, which had a unique profile with the highest DIF level and an average DDF level, showed high levels of depression and anxiety.
Conclusions
These results suggest that the DIF significantly affects psychological adaptation, thus warranting the consideration of this parameter in counseling and psychotherapy.
The Role of Meaning in Life in the Relationship between Stress, Pleasure, and Depression
Dayeah Shin
STRESS. 2022;30(1):30-36.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.1.30
  • 644 View
  • 59 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
Discovering personal value and living a meaningful life are essential tasks for humans. The pursuit of existential meaning, which is a key motivator for life, is related to various psychological health factors and helps overcome stressful events. In this study, we aimed to identify the moderating effects of meaning in life on the relationship between stress, pleasure, and depression.
Methods
The moderating effects of meaning in life on the relationship between stress, pleasure, and depression were examined in a sample of 144 college students.
Results
Meaning in life had a significant strengthening effect on the impact of stressful life events on experience of pleasure and a buffering effect on the impacts of stressful life events on depression.
Conclusions
The findings demonstrated that discovering meaning in life could improve the experience of pleasure and mitigate depression due to stressful life events. Additionally, the results suggested a need for intervention to increase meaning in life for college students who experience stressful life events.
Factors Affecting Smartphone Overdependence among Older Adults
Ji-Eun Park, Nayoon Lee
STRESS. 2022;30(1):37-44.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.1.37
  • 529 View
  • 36 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
This study aimed to identify the factors affecting smartphone overdependence among older adults.
Methods
A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted with 179 older adults using smartphones in B metropolitan city. A multiple regression analysis was performed to identify the effect of physical activity, social support, and depression on smartphone overdependence.
Results
Factors that affect smartphone overdependence among the participants were as follows: (a) purpose of using smartphone (β=.23, p=.001), (b) age (β=.23, p=.002), (c) smartphone use time (β=.20, p=.004), (d) educational level (β=−.15, p=.027), and (e) social support (β=−.14, p=.048). The model explained for 19.0% (F=9.30, p<.001).
Conclusions
The findings of this study can be used as evidence to develop intervention programs and policy measures to prevent and manage smartphone overdependence, which has negative effects on the physical and mental health of older adults.
The Influence of Parental Psychological Control on Social Anxiety among College Students: The Mediating Effect of Self-Discrepancy and Validation from Others
Kyue Won Lee, Eun Young Park
STRESS. 2022;30(1):45-51.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.1.45
  • 442 View
  • 23 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
This study aimed to investigate the effects of parental psychological control on social anxiety among college students and to understand the mediating effect of self-discrepancy and validation from others between them.
Methods
The participants were 351 college students from Daegu and Gyeongsangbuk-do who responded to a survey. And structural equation model was used to analyze the data.
Results
First, there was no mediating effect of self-discrepancy between parental psychological control and social anxiety. Second, there was a significant mediating effect of validation from others between them. Finally, self-discrepancy and validation from others were found to sequentially mediate between parental psychological control and social anxiety.
Conclusions
This findings suggest that self-discrepancy and validation from others could be used as a therapeutic strategy in treatments.

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