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Volume 28(1); March 2020
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Review Article
Effects of Community-Based Psychological Interventions on Depressive Symptoms and Blood Glucose Control for Older Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Heajin Yu, Boyoung Hwang
STRESS. 2020;28(1):1-9.   Published online March 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2020.28.1.1
  • 320 View
  • 17 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF

본 연구에서는 노인 당뇨 환자를 대상으로 한 지역사회 기반 심리 중재가 환자들의 우울 증상과 혈당조절에 미치는 효과를 체계적으로 고찰하였다. 국내외 7개의 데이터베이스를 사용하여, 2008년 1월 1일부터 2018년 7월 31일까지 발표된 문헌들을 확인하였다. 선정기준에 따라 다섯 편의 연구가 최종 선정되었으며, 총 대상자는 제2형 당뇨 진단을 받은 지역사회 거주 노인 596명이었다. 메타분석에 선정된 네 편의 연구 모두 행동 교육을 목적으로 프로그램을 구성하였다. 추후에는 표본 크기를 늘려 심리적 중재 프로그램을 시행하는 것이 바람직하며 더욱 다양한 지역에서 수행하는 것이 필요함을 확인할 수 있었다.

Original Articles
The Moderating Effects of Coping Style on the Relationship betweenPerfectionistic Self-Presentation and Social Anxiety in College Students
Yu Jin Nam, Bong Keon Lee
STRESS. 2020;28(1):10-16.   Published online March 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2020.28.1.10
  • 189 View
  • 3 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between perfectionistic self-presentation and social anxiety, how coping style moderated those factors.

Methods

This study targeted 389 college students in chungcheongbuk-do province as research tools. Participants completed the Korean version of the Perfectionistic Self Presentation scale, Social Interaction Anxiety Scale, and Coping style Scale. That were analyzed by descriptive statistics, correlation, and hierarchical regression analysis using the SPSS 18.0 program.

Results

The results showed that perfectionistic self-presentation, social anxiety, passive coping were positive association. And hierarchical regression analysis showed that, when passive coping was high, the high perfectionistic self-presentational group reported significantly higher social anxiety than the low perfectionistic self-presentational group.

Conclusions

These results suggested the importance of perfectionistic self presentation and coping style in psychological approach to college students who have difficulty in social anxiety problems. And directions for future research were also discussed.

The Relationship between Mindfulness and Shame: Moderated Mediating Effect of Self-Blame and Self-Compassion for College Students
Yong Hee Kim
STRESS. 2020;28(1):17-24.   Published online March 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2020.28.1.17
  • 242 View
  • 9 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background

The purpose of this study was to explore the moderated mediating effect of self-compassion through self-blame on the relationship between mindfulness and shame.

Methods

A total of 315 college students participated in this study by completing the following questionnaires: Mindfulness Scale, Depressive Experience Questionnaire, Self-Compassion Scale, State Shame and Guilt Scale. Data were analyzed through SPSS22.0 and its macro. The main findings were as follows.

Results

First, the result of bootstrapping indicated that self-criticism partially mediated the relationship between mindfulness and shame. Second, hierarchical regression and slope analyses revealed the moderating effect of self-compassion on the relationship between self-criticism and shame. Finally, the results indicated that self-compassion moderated the mediating effect of mindfulness on shame through self-criticism.

Conclusions

Contributions of this study to an integrative understanding of the process of self-compassion was considered useful for future therapeutic intervention. Limitation and suggestions was also discussed.

Genetic and Environmental Influences on Hwabyung-Personality in South Korean Adolescents and Young Adults
Yoon-Mi Hur
STRESS. 2020;28(1):25-32.   Published online March 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2020.28.1.25
  • 148 View
  • 3 Download
Abstract PDF
Background

Recently it has been reported that the prevalence of hwabyung is increasing in Korean young adults. The purpose of the present study was to estimate genetic and environmental influences on Hwabyung-personality, a risk factor for the development of hwabyung. Hwabyung-personality is characterized by high levels of anger, impulsivity, harm-avoidance, social reward, and self-transcendence and a low level of self-directedness.

Methods

The hwabyung-personality scale was administered to 1476 twins [mean (SD) age=18.9 (±3.1 years)] via a telephone interview. Maximum likelihood twin correlations were computed and model- fitting analyses were performed.

Results

Monozyogotic (MZ) twin correlations were significantly higher than dizygotic (DZ) twins in hwabyung-personality scale in males and females, suggesting the presence of genetic influences on hwabyung-personality. DZ twin correlations were close to zero, indicating that genetic influences on hwabyung-personality are non-additive and that shared environmental infleunces are negligible. Model-fitting analysis revealed that genetic and non-shared environmental influences on hywabyung- personality were 39% (95% CI=30%, 48%) and 61% (95% CI=54%, 69%), respectively. These estimates were not significantly different between males and females.

Conclusions

Genetic influences on hwabyung-personality found in the present study suggest that genetic vulnerability should be incorporated in prevention as well as treatment of hwabyung symptoms.

A Study on Character Strength and Subjective Happiness of Oncology Nurses
So Li Kim, Young Suk Park
STRESS. 2020;28(1):33-39.   Published online March 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2020.28.1.33
  • 181 View
  • 5 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background

The purpose of this study is to analyze characteristics of character strengths and effect factors of subjective happiness of oncology nurses. This research was conducted on the theoretical background of positive psychology.

Methods

This study was a cross-sectional study that data were collected from 182 oncology nurses working in a cancer hospital with 500 beds from January to March, 2017. The research instruments were self-reported questionnaires of VIA-IS and Subjective Happiness Scale. The data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, and multiple linear regression analysis.

Results

The average of items about total score of character strengths was 3.38 (±0.29) on the 5-point Likert scale and about subjective happiness was 4.95 (±0.90) on the 7-point Likert scale. Signature strengths of the subjects were classified by six sub-areas of character strengths, frequency of humanity was highest and followed by courage. The level of subjective happiness has significant positive correlations with character strengths. The factors that affect subjective happiness of oncology nurses were job-satisfaction and total score of character strengths. The explanatory power of these factors on the subjective happiness was 34.0%.

Conclusions

We recommend to develop a happiness enhancing program focused on job-satisfaction and character strengths for oncology nurses and to verify their effectiveness.


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