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Original Article 바질 에센셜 오일 향흡입이 척추수술 전 만성요통환자에서 통증, 불안 및 활력징후에 미치는 효과: 이중맹검, 무작위 대조군 임상시험
Effect of Basil Essential Oil-Inhalation on Pain, Anxiety and Vital Sign in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain before Spine Surgery: A Double-Blind, Randomized Controlled Trial
Purum Kang*, Kum Mi Jung*, Sun Seek Min, Geun Hee Seol*
STRESS 2012;20(3):169-178
Published online: September 30, 2012
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*고려대학교 간호대학 기초간호과학교실, 을지대학교 의과대학 생리학교실

*Department of Basic Nursing Science, School of Nursing, Korea University, Seoul, Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Eulji University, Daejeon, Korea

Ocimum basilicum L. (basil essential oil, BEO) is a plant used in traditional folk medicine for the treatment of pain, inflammation and hypertension. BEO-inhalation was used to examine the effects of the odor of BEO and BEO concentration dependency on pain and anxiety before spine surgery in patients with chronic low back pain. A total of sixty patients were randomly assigned to one of the four study groups (control, 0.1%, 1%, 5% BEO-inhalation group). Pain-visual analog scale (P-VAS), anxiety-visual analog scale (A-VAS), profile of mood states (POMS) test, blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory rate were measured before and after inhalation of the odors for five minutes. Inhalation of BEO at 0.1%, 1% concentration caused significant decreases in P-VAS compared with control (p=.022, p=.022, respectively), meanwhile 5% BEO-inhalation significantly reduced in diastolic blood pressure compared with control (p=.023). However, there was no significant difference among the four groups in systolic blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, A-VAS, POMS test. In patients with chronic low back pain before spine surgery, 0.1% and 1% BEO-inhalation is effective in alleviating pain and 5% BEO-inhalation reduce diastolic blood pressure. In conclusion, BEO-inhalation at specific concentrations can be useful method for the relief of pain and blood pressure control for patients with chronic low back pain before spine surgery. (Korean J Str Res 2012;20:169∼178)

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