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Table. 2.

Table. 2.

Effect size and post-analysis results according to group and time

Group Time Average difference Standard error t Cohen’s d
Level of social anxiety
LSAS Voluntary imagery group Pre-follow 11.86 9.60 4.62d) −0.80
Post-follow 1.79 8.03 0.83 −0.11
Field perspective group Pre-follow 12.60 12.64 3.86c) −0.80
Post-follow 4.33 8.71 1.93 −0.25
Observer perspective group Pre-follow 11.20 9.56 4.54d) −0.99
Post-follow 1.67 8.39 0.77 −0.15
Positive interpretation bias
WSAP N-N Voluntary imagery group Pre-follow −30.33 28.74 −3.95c) 1.76
Post-follow −2.23 24.20 −0.35 0.11
Field perspective group Pre-follow −24.56 23.42 −4.06c) 1.32
Post-follow −8.40 17.96 −1.81a) 0.34
Observer perspective group Pre-follow −23.68 25.40 −3.61c) 1.19
Post-follow −2.85 23.78 −0.46 0.14
WSAP P-Y Voluntary imagery group Pre-follow −30.53 27.38 −4.17c) 1.48
Post-follow −2.26 14.26 −0.59 0.16
Field perspective group Pre-follow −19.65 29.84 −2.55b) 0.95
Post-follow −4.21 13.07 −1.25 0.18
Observer perspective group Pre-follow −23.27 21.90 −4.12c) 1.15
Post-follow −1.75 23.84 −0.29 0.08
SST-po Voluntary imagery group Pre-follow −0.23 0.16 −5.42d) 1.53
Post-follow −0.00 0.12 −0.12 0.02
Field perspective group Pre-follow −0.22 0.18 −4.78d) 1.25
Post-follow −0.14 0.12 −4.51d) 0.64
Observer perspective group Pre-follow −0.19 0.16 −4.40c) 1.13
Post-follow −0.06 0.17 −1.42 0.38

a)p<0.10, b)p<0.05, c)p<0.01, d)p<0.001.

LSAS: Liebowitz social anxiety scale, WSAP N-N: word sentence association paradigm negative question–no, WSAP P-Y: word sentence association paradigm positive question–yes, SST-po: scrambled sentence test–completion ratio of positive meaning.

Stress 2021;29:271-82 https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2021.29.4.271
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