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Table. 4.

Table. 4.

Comparison of dependent variables between experimental and control groups (N=48)

Variables Exp (n=24)
M±SD
Cont (n=24)
M±SD
t (p)
Self-esteem Pre-test 1.89±0.77 2.01±0.71 0.54 (.590)
Post-test 2.93±0.54 2.11±0.80 4.16 (<.0001)
Difference −1.04±0.98 −0.10±0.92 −3.39 (.001)
t (p) −5.17 (<.0001) −0.55 (.585)
Ego-resilience Pre-test 1.90±0.65 1.86±0.57 0.19 (.854)
Post-test 2.54±0.56 1.93±0.64 3.49 (.001)
Difference −0.64±0.81 −0.07±0.76 −2.50 (.016)
t (p) −3.85 (.001) −0.46 (.651)
Perceived stress Pre-test 1.68±0.35 1.68±0.42 0.03 (.979)
Post-test 1.49±0.40 1.88±0.42 −3.35 (.002)
Difference 0.19±0.41 −0.20±0.59 2.03 (.048)
t (p) 1.26 (.222) −1.70 (.102)
Body image Pre-test 1.64±0.52 1.48±0.55 1.01 (.317)
Post-test 1.12±0.41 1.60±0.70 −2.88 (.007)
Difference 0.52±0.78 −0.12±0.81 2.75 (.009)
t (p) 3.25 (.004) −0.68 (.502)
Depression Pre-test 0.92±0.29 0.82±0.42 0.91 (.370)
Post-test 0.25±0.26 0.86±0.49 −4.61 (<.0010)a)
Difference 0.67±0.30 −0.04±0.60 4.06 (<.0001)a)
t (p) 4.23 (<.0001)b) −0.27 (.786)
State anger Pre-test 1.70±0.43 1.53±0.45 1.33 (.189)
Post-test 1.22±0.31 1.70±0.49 −3.92 (<.0001)a)
Difference 0.48±0.52 −0.17±0.51 3.77 (<.0001)a)
t (p) 4.56 (<.0001) −1.65 (.113)
Anger expression Pre-test 1.05±0.32 1.00±0.39 0.46 (.647)
Post-test 0.81±0.30 1.19±0.37 −3.92 (<.0001)
Difference 0.24±0.46 −0.19±0.48 3.14 (.003)
t (p) 2.50 (.020) −1.95 (.063)
Aging anxiety Pre-test 1.64±0.72 1.53±0.71 0.32 (.749)a)
Post-test 1.12±0.51 1.71±0.71 −3.30 (.002)
Difference 0.52±0.90 −0.18±0.95 2.35 (.019)a)
t (p) 2.83 (.009) −0.91 (.373)

a)Mann-Whitney U test, b)Wilcoxon signed rank test.

Exp: Experimental group, Cont: Control group, M±SD: mean±standard deviation.

Stress 2021;29:250-61 https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2021.29.4.250
© 2021 Stress