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Table. 2.

Table. 2.

Homogeneity of general characteristics between experimental and control group (N=47)

Variables Categories Exp (n=25) Cont (n=22) χ2 p


n (%) n (%)
Gender Male 20 (80.0) 17 (77.3) 0.052a) >.999
Female 5 (20) 5 (22.7)
Age (year) 19∼29 7 (28.0) 8 (36.4) 4.592 .101
30∼39 5 (20.0) 9 (40.9)
≥40 13 (52.0) 5 (22.7) 0.377 .539
Education ≤High school 18 (72.0) 14 (63.6)
≥College 7 (28.0) 8 (36.4)
Religion Yes 16 (64.0) 15 (68.2) 0.091 .763
None 9 (36.0) 7 (31.8) 0.629a) .730
Marital status Married 5 (20.0) 3 (13.6)
Single 18 (72.0) 16 (72.7)
Divorced, separated 2 (8.0) 3 (13.6)
Family cohabitation Yes 20 (80.0) 18 (81.8) 0.025a) >.999
None 5 (20.0) 4 (18.2)
Ward type Closed ward 1 (4.0) 1 (4.5) 0.009a) >.999
Open ward 24 (96.0) 21 (95.5)
Diagnosis Schizophrenia 10 (40.0) 11 (50.0) 2.762a) .430
BD 7 (28.0) 4 (18.2)
MDD 6 (24.0) 7 (31.8)
AUD 2 (8.0) ·
Smoking period (year) <10 8 (32.0) 8 (36.4) 5.309 .070
10∼19 4 (16.0) 9 (40.9)
≥20 13 (52.0) 5 (22.7)
Amount of smoking (pieces/day) ≤10 12 (48.0) 8 (36.4) 0.659a) .719
11∼20 10 (40.0) 11 (50.0)
>20 3 (12.0) 3 (13.6)
Attempt to quit smoking Yes 16 (64.0) 17(77.3) 0.986 .321
None 9 (36.0) 5 (22.7)
Cotinine in urine Positive 25 (100) 21 (95.5) 1.161a) .468
Negative · 1 (4.5)

a)Fisher's exact test.

Exp: Experimental group, Cont: Control group, BD: Bipolar disorder, MDD: Major depressive disorder, AUD: Alcohol use disorder.

Stress 2021;29:242-9 https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2021.29.4.242
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