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Table. 1.

Table. 1.

Comparison of demographic and life style characteristics between the metabolic syndrome and normal groups (N=6,177)

Characteristics Total (n=6,177) non-MS (n=2,000) non-MS (n=4,177) t or χ2 p-value

M±SE or n (%)
Demographic characteristics
Age (year) 47.9±0.4 56.7±0.5 44.3±0.4 −24.76 <.001
Gender Men 2,703 (43.8) 981 (33.0) 1,722 (67.0) 32.75 <.001
Women 3,474 (56.2) 1,019 (25.5) 2,455 (74.5)
BMI kg/m2 24.0±0.1 26.5±0.1 23.0±.01 −27.78 <.001
Education level ≤Elementary school 1,157 (19.6) 602 (51.9) 555 (48.1) 242.49 <.001
Middle school 597 (10.1) 261 (41.7) 336 (58.3)
High school 1,933 (32.7) 573 (26.7) 1,630 (73.3)
≥College 2,217 (37.6) 476 (21.1) 1,741 (78.9)
Marital status Unmarried 1,035 (16.8) 136 (12.0) 899 (88.0) 304.87 <.001
Married 4,285 (69.4) 1,453 (32.3) 2,832 (67.7)
Divorced 561 (9.1) 303 (54.1) 258 (45.9)
Separated by death 293 (4.7) 108 (34.8) 185 (65.2)
Income Very low (1/4) 1,533 (24.9) 527 (31.1) 1,006 (68.9) 9.53 .023
Low (2/4) 1,550 (25.2) 519 (30.8) 1,031 (69.2)
High (3/4) 1,541 (25.0) 498 (28.9) 1,043 (71.1)
Very high (4/4) 1,532 (24.9) 446 (25.7) 1,086 (74.3)
Occupation No 2,213 (37.6) 824 (33.1) 1,389 (66.9) 15.52 <.001
Yes 3,680 (62.4) 1,087 (27.3) 2,593 (72.7)
Lifestyle characteristics
Smoking Pack/year 64.4±2.5 78.3±4.4 59.2±3.2 −27.78 <.001
No 3,650 (59.6) 1,089 (26.2) 2,561 (73.8) 27.42 <.001
Past 1,354 (22.1) 504 (35.4) 850 (64.6)
Now 1,119 (18.3) 391 (31.2) 728 (68.8)
Alcohol consumption Glass/month 29.7±0.9 37.8±1.9 26.6±1.0 −4.88 <.001
Non 1,047 (19.1) 367 (32.5) 680 (67.5) 37.99 <.001
≤1 time/month 1,692 (30.9) 481 (24.7) 1,211 (75.3)
2∼4/month 1,370 (24.9) 353 (26.3) 989 (73.7)
2∼3/week 952 (17.3) 326 (33.0) 626 (67.0)
4≤/week 430 (7.8) 170 (36.4) 260 (63.6)
Exercise Yes 2,440 (41.3) 632 (23.4) 1,808 (76.6) 60.16 <.001
No 3,463 (58.7) 1,279 (34.0) 2,184 (66.0)
Depression
PHQ-9 score 2.34±0.1 2.18±0.1 2.41±0.1 2.12 .035
Yes 389 (6.6) 148 (33.9) 241 (66.1) 3.17 .075
No 5,512 (93.4) 1,764 (29.0) 3,748 (71.0)

M±SE: Mean±standard errors, MS: metabolic syndrome, non-MS: Non-metabolic syndrome, BMI: Body mass index, PHQ-9 score: Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score. Missing cases are included.

Stress 2021;29:235-41 https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2021.29.4.235
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