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Table. 3.

Table. 3.

The difference between general characteristics and psycho-emotional characteristics according to taking propranolol (N=393)

Variable Taking propranolol χ2 or t/F p-value

No (n=339) Yes (n=54)
Male, n (%) 80 (23.6) 9 (16.7) 1.278 .258
Female, n (%) 259 (76.4) 45 (83.3) −3.255 .002
Practice time (hour) 2.8±0.9 3.1±0.7 −1.300 .194
Music performance anxiety 108.1±34.3 114.6±32.4 −1.862 .063
Perfectionism 98.7±22.6 104.9±22.9 0.643 .520
LSAS, anxiety 19.2±15.7 17.7±14.5 1.638 .102
LSAS, avoidance 16.9±15.5 13.2±12.6 0.004 .952
Stress coping style, n (%) 339 (100.0) 54 (100.0)
Active coping, n (%) 212 (62.5) 34 (63.0)
Passive coping, n (%) 127 (37.5) 20 (37.0)

Mean±SD: Mean±standard deviation, LSAS: Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale.

Stress 2021;29:227-34 https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2021.29.4.227
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