STRESS Indexed in /covered by CAS, KoreaScience & DOI/Crossref:eISSN 2234-1668   pISSN 1225-665X

STRESS : eISSN 2234-1668 / pISSN 1225-665X

Table. 1.

Table. 1.

Characteristics of study subject according to heart rate

Men All
(n=5,815)
<60 bpm
(n=484)
60∼69 bpm (n=2,995) 70∼79 bpm (n=1,409) 80∼89 bpm (n=782) ≥90 bpm
(n=145)
p-value
Age <.001
M, SD (year) 45.1±16.1 51.5±15.6 45.6±15.7 43.1±15.9 43.1±16.9 44.5±16.7
<40 year 2,388 (41.1) 120 (5.0) 1,179 (49.4) 655 (27.4) 374 (15.7) 60 (2.5)
40∼59 year 2,200 (37.8) 205 (9.3) 1,182 (53.7) 500 (22.7) 255 (11.6) 58 (2.6)
≥60 year 1,227 (21.1) 59 (13.0) 634 (51.7) 254 (20.7) 153 (12.5) 27 (2.2)
BMI, kg/m2, n (%) <.001
M, SD (kg/m2) 24.0±3.2 24.0±3.0 24.0±3.1 24.2±3.4 23.9±3.6 23.1±3.8
<23 kg/m2 2,248 (38.7) 186 (8.3) 1,139 (50.7) 508 (22.6) 337 (15.0) 78 (3.5)
23∼24.9 kg/m2 1,571 (27.0) 131 (8.3) 871 (55.4) 357 (22.7) 176 (11.2) 36 (2.3)
≥25 kg/m2 1,983 (34.1) 164 (8.3) 981 (49.5) 541 (27.3) 267 (13.5) 30 (1.5)
Missing 13 (0.2) 3 (0.6) 4 (0.1) 3 (0.2) 2 (0.3) 1 (0.7)
Smoking, n (%) <.001
Never 1,532 (26.3) 119 (7.8) 794 (51.8) 366 (23.9) 220 (14.4) 33 (2.2)
Previous 2,091 (36.0) 219 (10.5) 1,138 (54.4) 488 (23.3) 214 (10.2) 32 (1.5)
Current 2,172 (37.4) 143 (6.6) 1,054 (48.5) 550 (25.3) 346 (15.9) 79 (3.6)
Missing 20 (0.3) 3 (0.6) 9 (0.3) 5 (0.4) 2 (0.3) 1 (0.7)
Alcohol, n (%) .116
Never 235 (4.0) 23 (9.8) 116 (49.4) 60 (25.5) 30 (12.8) 6 (2.6)
Previous 641 (11.0) 70 (10.9) 301 (47.0) 167 (26.1) 83 (12.9) 20 (3.1)
Current 4,919 (84.6) 388 (7.9) 2,569 (52.2) 1,177 (23.9) 667 (13.6) 118 (2.4)
Missing 20 (0.3) 3 (0.6) 9 (0.3) 5 (0.4) 2 (0.3) 1 (0.7)
Education, n (%) .001
Primary school 541 (9.3) 63 (11.6) 283 (52.3) 103 (19.0) 70 (12.9) 22 (4.1)
Middle school 417 (7.2) 43 (10.3) 209 (50.1) 100 (24.0) 55 (13.2) 10 (2.4)
High school 2,142 (36.8) 151 (7.0) 1,067 (49.8) 550 (25.7) 312 (14.6) 62 (2.9)
Above 2,685 (46.2) 225 (8.4) 1,420 (52.9) 648 (24.1) 342 (12.7) 50 (1.9)
Missing 30 (0.5) 2 (0.4) 16 (0.5) 8 (0.6) 3 (0.4) 1 (0.7)
Income, n (%) <.001
Low 700 (12.0) 55 (7.9) 313 (44.7) 160 (22.9) 134 (19.1) 38 (5.4)
Middle 3,141 (54.0) 253 (8.1) 1,659 (52.8) 753 (24.0) 402 (12.8) 74 (2.4)
High 1,962 (33.7) 175 (8.9) 1,021 (52.0) 491 (25.0) 242 (12.3) 33 (1.7)
Missing 12 (0.2) 1 (0.2) 2 (0.1) 5 (0.4) 4 (0.5) 0 (0.0)
Working status, n (%) <.001
Yes 4,455 (76.6) 374 (8.4) 2,372 (53.2) 1,065 (23.9) 554 (12.4) 90 (2.0)
No 1,334 (22.9) 109 (8.2) 608 (45.6) 336 (25.2) 227 (17.0) 54 (4.0)
Missing 26 (0.4) 1 (0.2) 15 (0.5) 8 (0.6) 1 (0.1) 1 (0.7)
Marital status, n (%) <.001
Yes 3,831 (65.9) 376 (9.8) 2,068 (54.0) 864 (22.6) 449 (11.7) 74 (1.9)
No 294 (5.1) 29 (9.9) 121 (41.2) 85 (28.9) 45 (15.3) 14 (4.8)
Total physical activity, n (%) .031
<600 METs-min/ week 3,855 (66.3) 305 (7.9) 1,976 (51.3) 920 (23.9) 551 (14.3) 103 (2.7)
≥600 METs-min/ week 1,960 (33.7) 179 (9.1) 1,019 (52.0) 489 (24.9) 231 (11.8) 42 (2.1)
Stress status <.001
Low 4,262 (73.6) 385 (9.0) 2,232 (52.4) 1,001 (23.5) 555 (13.0) 89 (2.1)
High 1,531 (26.4) 96 (6.3) 753 (49.2) 403 (26.3) 224 (14.6) 55 (3.6)
Missing 22 (0.4) 3 (0.6) 10 (0.3) 5 (0.4) 3 (0.4) 1 (0.7)
Depressive symptoms, n (%) 347 (6.0) 24 (5.0) 151 (5.0) 89 (6.3) 62 (7.9) 21 (14.5) <.001
Age <.001
M, SD (year) 45.1±15.1 53.0±14.0 47.0±14.6 44.0±15.0 40.6±15.0 39.9±15.7
<40 year 3,210 (39.1) 59 (1.8) 1,281 (39.9) 968 (30.2) 760 (23.7) 142 (4.4)
40∼59 year 3,474 (42.3) 162 (4.7) 1,827 (52.6) 967 (27.8) 450 (13.0) 68 (2.0)
≥60 year 1,522 (18.5) 103 (6.8) 817 (53.7) 397 (26.1) 173 (11.4) 32 (2.1)
BMI, kg/m2, n (%) .002
M, SD (kg/m2) 22.8±3.4 23.2±3.2 22.9±3.3 22.8±3.3 22.6±3.7 23.1±4.2
<23 kg/m2 4,752 (57.9) 165 (3.5) 2,256 (47.5) 1,349 (28.4) 847 (17.8) 135 (2.8)
23∼24.9 kg/m2 1,557 (19.0) 74 (4.8) 765 (49.1) 455 (29.2) 229 (14.7) 34 (2.2)
≥25 kg/m2 1,879 (22.9) 84 (4.5) 897 (47.7) 520 (27.7) 305 (16.2) 73 (3.9)
Missing 18 (0.2) 1 (0.3) 7 (0.2) 8 (0.3) 2 (0.1) 0 (0.0)
Smoking, n (%) <.001
Never 7,204 (87.8) 296 (4.1) 3,491 (48.5) 2,037 (28.3) 1,195 (16.6) 185 (2.6)
Previous 518 (6.3) 19 (3.7) 225 (43.4) 149 (28.8) 94 (18.1) 31 (6.0)
Current 445 (5.4) 9 (2.0) 195 (43.8) 132 (29.7) 86 (19.3) 23 (5.2)
Missing 39 (0.5) 0 (0.0) 14 (0.4) 14 (0.6) 8 (0.6) 3 (1.2)
Alcohol, n (%) .002
Never 899 (11.0) 52 (5.8) 433 (48.2) 251 (27.9) 127 (14.1) 36 (4.0)
Previous 1,414 (17.2) 65 (4.6) 640 (45.3) 419 (29.6) 248 (17.5) 42 (3.0)
Current 5,859 (71.4) 207 (3.5) 2,841 (48.5) 1,650 (28.2) 1,000 (17.1) 161 (2.7)
Missing 34 (0.4) 0 (0.0) 11 (0.3) 12 (0.5) 8 (0.6) 3 (1.2)
Education, n (%) <.001
Primary school 1,070 (13.0) 72 (6.7) 527 (49.3) 289 (27.0) 156 (14.6) 26 (2.4)
Middle school 695 (8.5) 39 (5.6) 382 (55.0) 181 (26.0) 73 (10.5) 20 (2.9)
High school 2,855 (34.8) 113 (4.0) 1,391 (48.7) 792 (27.7) 471 (16.5) 88 (3.1)
Above 3,556 (43.3) 99 (2.8) 1,610 (45.3) 1,063 (29.9) 678 (19.1) 106 (3.0)
Missing 30 (0.4) 1 (0.3) 15 (0.4) 7 (0.3) 5 (0.4) 2 (0.8)
Income, n (%) <.001
Low 1,054 (12.8) 51 (4.8) 459 (43.5) 306 (29.0) 190 (18.0) 48 (4.6)
Middle 4,426 (53.9) 168 (3.8) 2,083 (47.1) 1,258 (28.4) 779 (17.6) 138 (3.1)
High 2,699 (33.0) 105 (3.9) 1,370 (50.8) 760 (28.2) 408 (15.1) 56 (2.1)
Missing 27 (0.3) 0 (0.0) 13 (0.3) 8 (0.3) 6 (0.4) 0 (0.0)
Working status, n (%) <.001
Yes 4,656 (56.7) 193 (4.1) 2,302 (49.4) 1,328 (28.5) 727 (15.6) 106 (2.3)
No 3,525 (43.0) 131 (3.7) 1,610 (45.7) 998 (28.3) 651 (18.5) 135 (3.8)
Missing 25 (0.3) 0 (0.0) 13 (0.3) 6 (0.3) 5 (0.4) 1 (0.4)
Marital status, n (%) <.001
Yes 5,614 (68.4) 228 (4.1) 2,783 (49.6) 1,562 (27.8) 899 (16.0) 142 (2.5)
No 968 (11.8) 61 (6.3) 490 (50.6) 253 (26.1) 133 (13.7) 31 (3.2)
Total physical activity, n (%) .730
<600 METs-min/ week 6,164 (75.1) 234 (3.8) 2,951 (47.9) 1,749 (28.4) 1,050 (17.0) 180 (2.9)
≥600 METs-min/ week 2,042 (24.9) 90 (4.4) 974 (47.7) 583 (28.6) 333 (16.3) 62 (3.0)
Menopausal status, n (%) <.001
Yes 2,887 (20.6) 195 (6.8) 1,590 (55.1) 742 (25.7) 310 (10.7) 50 (1.7)
No 5,225 (37.3) 128 (2.4) 2,284 (43.7) 1,566 (30.0) 1,058 (20.2) 189 (3.6)
Stress status <.001
Low 5,714 (70.0) 237 (4.1) 2,820 (49.4) 1,584 (27.7) 921 (16.1) 152 (2.7)
High 2,452 (30.0) 86 (3.5) 1,091 (44.5) 735 (30.0) 454 (18.5) 86 (3.5)
Missing 40 (0.5) 1 (0.3) 14 (0.4) 13 (0.6) 8 (0.6) 4 (1.7)
Depressive symptoms, n (%) 898 (10.9) 37 (11.4) 409 (10.4) 239 (10.2) 173 (12.5) 40 (16.5) .009

Data shown represent number (%). Statistical analysis was performed by frequency analysis.

bpm: beats per minute, BMI: Body mass index, MET: Metabolic equivalents. Bold: p<.05.

Stress 2021;29:149-57 https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2021.29.3.149
© 2021 Stress