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Table. 4.

Table. 4.

Stratified analyses on the association between resting heart rate and depressive symptoms in men, odds ratio (95% confidence interval)

Men Number of
case
<60 bpm (n=484) 60∼69 bpm (n=2,995) 70∼79 bpm (n=1,409) 80∼89 bpm (n=782) >90 bpm
(n=145)
p for
interaction
Age   <0.001
<40 year 130/2388 1 1.37 (0.48∼3.88) 2.10 (0.73∼6.01) 1.41 (0.47∼4.29) 1.93 (0.46∼8.15)
40∼59 year 120/2200 1 1.86 (0.78∼4.41) 1.19 (0.45∼3.12) 3.84 (1.52∼9.71) 9.34 (3.24∼26.93)
≥60 year 97/1227 1 0.71 (0.37∼1.39) 1.23 (0.60∼2.51) 1.39 (0.64∼3.02) 1.17 (0.30∼4.62)
BMI   0.154
<23 kg/m2 133/2248 1 0.73 (0.38∼1.38) 0.80 (0.40∼1.61) 1.12 (0.55∼2.30) 1.54 (0.61∼3.88)
23∼24.9 kg/m2 103/1571 1 2.07 (0.73∼5.87) 2.43 (0.82∼7.23) 2.61 (0.82∼8.31) 9.95 (2.75∼35.95)
≥25 kg/m2 110/1983 1 1.18 (0.49∼2.84) 1.70 (0.69∼4.20) 2.06 (0.80∼5.34) 2.15 (0.48∼9.63)
Income   0.064
Low 81/700 1 0.76 (0.32∼1.80) 0.56 (0.21∼1.47) 0.89 (0.35∼2.31) 2.58 (0.87∼7.68)
Middle 167/3141 1 1.31 (0.64∼2.67) 2.18 (1.05∼4.52) 2.12 (0.97∼4.63) 2.51 (0.85∼7.39)
High 98/1962 1 1.27 (0.53∼3.05) 1.33 (0.53∼3.35) 2.04 (0.78∼5.34) 4.80 (1.35∼17.10)
Marital status   0.086
Yes 176/3831 1 1.40 (0.75∼2.59) 1.63 (0.84∼3.16) 2.75 (1.40∼5.43) 3.47 (1.30∼9.26)
No 50/294 1 0.80 (0.23∼2.75) 0.74 (0.20∼2.72) 1.75 (0.47∼6.51) 3.89 (0.75∼20.03)
Total physical activity   0.145
<600 METs-min/week 212/3855 1 0.86 (0.50∼1.46) 0.93 (0.52∼1.65) 1.20 (0.66∼2.18) 2.74 (1.30∼5.78)
≥600 METs-min/week 135/1960 1 2.08 (0.82∼5.31) 3.18 (1.22∼8.27) 3.60 (1.33∼9.77) 4.08 (1.13∼14.65)

Statistical analysis was performed by logistic regression analysis, OR: Odds Ratio, 95% CI: 95% confidence interval, Model 1: adjusted for age, Model 2: adjusted for model 1 variables+education, income, drinking, smoking, marital status, work status, Model 3: adjusted for model 2 variables+body mass index+total physical activity, BMI: body mass index; MET: Metabolic Equivalents, Bold: p<.05.

Stress 2021;29:149-57 https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2021.29.3.149
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