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Table. 3.

Table. 3.

Association of resting heart rate with depressive symptoms, odds ratio (95% confidence interval)

RHR (bpm) Number of case Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Men    
Q1 (>60 bpm) 67/1495 1 1 1
Q2 (61∼67 bpm) 58/985 1.36 (0.95∼1.95) 1.33 (0.93∼1.91) 1.35 (0.94∼1.95)
Q3 (68∼71 bpm) 50/1001 1.15 (0.79∼1.68) 1.12 (0.77∼1.64) 1.16 (0.79∼1.69)
Q4 (72∼76 bpm) 89/1406 1.51 (1.09∼2.09) 1.44 (1.03∼2.00) 1.47 (1.06∼2.05)
Q5 (>77 bpm) 83/928 2.18 (1.56∼3.05) 1.93 (1.38∼2.71) 2.02 (1.44∼2.85)
p for linear trend   <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Per tile increment in RHR   1.32 (1.18∼1.47) 1.26 (1.13∼1.41) 1.28 (1.15∼1.43)
Women    
Q1 (>60 bpm) 140/1314 1 1 1
Q2 (61∼67 bpm) 137/1335 0.99 (0.77∼1.27) 0.98 (0.76∼1.26) 0.98 (0.76∼1.26)
Q3 (68∼71 bpm) 169/1601 1.07 (0.84∼1.35) 1.04 (0.82∼1.33) 1.05 (0.83∼1.34)
Q4 (72∼76 bpm) 239/2327 1.05 (0.84∼1.32) 0.99 (0.79∼1.24) 1.01 (0.80∼1.26)
Q5 (>77 bpm) 213/1629 1.47 (1.16∼1.85) 1.37 (1.08∼1.73) 1.39 (1.10∼1.76)
p for linear trend   <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Per tile increment in RHR   1.16 (1.08∼1.25) 1.13 (1.05∼1.22) 1.13 (1.05∼1.22)

Statistical analysis was performed by logistic regression analysis, OR: Odds ratio, 95% CI: 95% confidence interval RHR: Resting heart rate, Model 1: adjusted for age, Model 2: adjusted for model 1 variables+education, income, drinking, smoking, marital status, work status, Model 3: adjusted for model 2 variables+body mass index+total physical activity, Bold: p<.05.

Stress 2021;29:149-57 https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2021.29.3.149
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