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Table. 2.

Table. 2.

Association of resting heart rate with depressive symptoms, odds ratio (95% confidence interval)

RHR (bpm) Number of case Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Men    
<60 bpm 24/484 1 1 1
60∼69 bpm 151/2995 1.08 (0.69∼1.68) 1.07 (0.68∼1.67) 1.12 (0.71∼1.78)
70∼79 bpm 89/1409 1.40 (0.88∼2.23) 1.34 (0.84∼2.15) 1.42 (0.88∼2.29)
80∼89 bpm 62/782 1.78 (1.09∼2.91) 1.61 (0.98∼2.65) 1.77 (1.07∼2.93)
≥90 bpm 21/145 3.47 (1.86∼6.45) 2.88 (1.53∼5.41) 3.20 (1.68∼6.08)
p for linear trend   <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Per 10 increment in RHR   1.32 (1.18∼1.47) 1.26 (1.13∼1.41) 1.29 (1.15∼1.44)
Women    
<60 bpm 37/324 1 1 1
60∼69 bpm 409/3925 0.99 (0.69∼1.42) 1.01 (0.70∼1.45) 1.03 (0.72∼1.48)
70∼79 bpm 239/2332 1.02 (0.71∼1.48) 0.99 (0.68∼1.44) 1.02 (0.70∼1.48)
80∼89 bpm 173/1383 1.35 (0.92∼1.98) 1.32 (0.90∼1.95) 1.36 (0.92∼2.00)
≥90 bpm 40/242 1.90 (1.17∼3.09) 1.66 (1.01∼2.73) 1.71 (1.04∼2.81)
p for linear trend   <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Per 10 increment in RHR   1.16 (1.08∼1.25) 1.13 (1.05∼1.22) 1.14 (1.05∼1.23)

Statistical analysis was performed by logistic regression analysis, OR: Odds Ratio, 95% CI: 95% confidence interval; RHR, resting heart rate, Model 1: adjusted for age, Model 2: adjusted for model 1 variables+education, income, drinking, smoking, marital status, work status, Model 3: adjusted for model 2 variables+body mass index+total physical activity, Bold: p<.05.

Stress 2021;29:149-57 https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2021.29.3.149
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