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Original Articles
The Influence of Mothers’ Acculturative Stress on Adolescents' Depression in Multicultural Families: The Moderating Effect of Sex
RaeHyuck Lee
STRESS. 2022;30(2):92-97.   Published online June 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.2.92
  • 20 View
  • 3 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
With the increasing number of multicultural adolescents, concerns about their healthy development are also on the rise. This study aimed to examine the influence of mothers’ acculturative stress on adolescents’ depression in multicultural families with respect to the moderating effect of sex.
Methods
A series of regression analyses were conducted using a sample of 1,052 adolescents from multicultural families composed of a foreign-born mother and a Korean father based on the 9th wave of the Multicultural Adolescents Panel Study (MAPS).
Results
First, foreign-born mothers’ acculturative stress positively and significantly influenced adolescents’ depression. When the level of acculturative stress increased, so did the level of depression. Second, the influence of mothers’ acculturative stress on adolescents’ depression was moderated by sex. The influence was larger for female than for male adolescents.
Conclusions
Based on its findings, this study discussed intervention strategies to address depression among multicultural adolescents.
The Parallel Multiple Mediating Effects of Work-Family Conflict and Loneliness in the Relationship between Temperaments, Depression, and Anxiety while Working from Home
Yeeun Hwang, Yejin Cho, Yuseung Choi, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2022;30(2):75-84.   Published online June 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.2.75
  • 27 View
  • 3 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
As the number of people working from home has increased since the COVID-19 pandemic, it is important to understand workers’ stress and psychological state while working from home. Work-family conflict and loneliness may be related to working from home, and they could be experienced differently depending on individual traits. Therefore, this study examined the parallel multiple mediating effects of work-family conflict and loneliness in the relationship between personal temperaments and negative emotions such as depression and anxiety.
Methods
Data were collected online from people currently working from home for at least one month, more than once per week. They answered K-DASS-21, UCLA loneliness scale, Work-Family Conflict, and FCB-TI. Only four temperaments were used in the statistic step: Briskness and Sense sensitivity as protective factors and Perseveration and Emotional reactivity as vulnerable factors. The multiple mediating effects were analyzed independently by using the PROCESS macro.
Results
Firstly, Briskness and Sense sensitivity were found to negatively affect depression and anxiety while working from home by significantly mediating work-family conflict and loneliness. Thus, these temperaments would be protective factors while working from home. Secondly, Perseveration and Emotional reactivity positively influenced both negative emotions by mediating two mediation variables, which means that both temperaments are vulnerable factors.
Conclusions
The results suggest that personality traits can impact how people experience stress and negative emotions in working situations, leading to negative psychological states. Consequently, personal temperaments would be important to understand relationships between environments and internal experiences.
Factors Affecting Smartphone Overdependence among Older Adults
Ji-Eun Park, Nayoon Lee
STRESS. 2022;30(1):37-44.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.1.37
  • 410 View
  • 26 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
This study aimed to identify the factors affecting smartphone overdependence among older adults.
Methods
A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted with 179 older adults using smartphones in B metropolitan city. A multiple regression analysis was performed to identify the effect of physical activity, social support, and depression on smartphone overdependence.
Results
Factors that affect smartphone overdependence among the participants were as follows: (a) purpose of using smartphone (β=.23, p=.001), (b) age (β=.23, p=.002), (c) smartphone use time (β=.20, p=.004), (d) educational level (β=−.15, p=.027), and (e) social support (β=−.14, p=.048). The model explained for 19.0% (F=9.30, p<.001).
Conclusions
The findings of this study can be used as evidence to develop intervention programs and policy measures to prevent and manage smartphone overdependence, which has negative effects on the physical and mental health of older adults.
The Role of Meaning in Life in the Relationship between Stress, Pleasure, and Depression
Dayeah Shin
STRESS. 2022;30(1):30-36.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.1.30
  • 459 View
  • 44 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
Discovering personal value and living a meaningful life are essential tasks for humans. The pursuit of existential meaning, which is a key motivator for life, is related to various psychological health factors and helps overcome stressful events. In this study, we aimed to identify the moderating effects of meaning in life on the relationship between stress, pleasure, and depression.
Methods
The moderating effects of meaning in life on the relationship between stress, pleasure, and depression were examined in a sample of 144 college students.
Results
Meaning in life had a significant strengthening effect on the impact of stressful life events on experience of pleasure and a buffering effect on the impacts of stressful life events on depression.
Conclusions
The findings demonstrated that discovering meaning in life could improve the experience of pleasure and mitigate depression due to stressful life events. Additionally, the results suggested a need for intervention to increase meaning in life for college students who experience stressful life events.
The Moderating Effect of Help-Seeking on the Relationship between Experience of School Violence and Internalizing Behaviors
Seon Ok Son, Hyunyong Park
STRESS. 2022;30(1):15-21.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.1.15
  • 468 View
  • 32 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
This study aimed to examine the role of help-seeking in the relationships between the experience of school violence and internalizing behaviors.
Methods
Data of a total of 1,402 adolescents aged 13∼14 years from the Seoul Panel Study of Children were utilized in the study. Multiple regression was employed to examine the moderating effect of help-seeking behaviors.
Results
Findings are as follows: First, the experience of school violence was associated with higher levels of internalizing problems, such as depression and withdrawn behavior. Second, help-seeking behaviors reduced the effect of school violence on internalizing problem behaviors such as depression and withdrawn behavior.
Conclusions
The findings highlight the need for education on help-seeking behaviors for adolescents and for building discussion networks to help adolescents ameliorate the negative impact of school violence.
The Effect of Depression on Metabolic Syndrome and Its Components among Korean Adults
Mee Young Im
STRESS. 2021;29(4):235-241.   Published online December 31, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2021.29.4.235
  • 329 View
  • 11 Download
PDF
The Influencing Factors of Burnout in Nurses in the COVID-19 Pandemic Disaster
Jeong Yee Bae, Eun-kyung Lee, Bi-Joo Kim, Eun Ju Lee
STRESS. 2021;29(2):80-86.   Published online June 30, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2021.29.2.80
  • 694 View
  • 57 Download
  • 6 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background

This study aims to identify factors influencing burnout in nurses during COVID-19 disaster situations.

Methods

The research subjects were 131 nurses who had the experience of nursing patients during the COVID-19 pandemic, and were selected through convenience sampling. The collected data were subjected to percentage, mean and standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis using the SPSS version 24.0 program.

Results

Burnout in nurses showed a statistically significant correlation with anxiety, PTSD, and depression. It was also confirmed that nurses’ depression and shift work were important factors that had significant effects on burnout.

Conclusions

In preparation for new infectious diseases that are expected to become more frequent in the future, a policy to supply nursing manpower and prevent burnout is necessary. In addition, it is necessary to introduce various work systems and develop and disseminate intervention programs for depression and burnout.

Longitudinal Associations of Perceived Social Inequality and Subjective Socioeconomic Status with Anxiety and Depression in University Students
Hae-lim Noh, Eun-Jung Shim
STRESS. 2021;29(2):106-114.   Published online June 30, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2021.29.2.106
  • 285 View
  • 13 Download
Abstract PDF

본 연구의 목적은 대학생들이 지각하는 사회적 불평등 및 주관적인 사회경제적 지위와 우울 및 불안의 종단적 관계를 확인하는 것이다. 한국의 대학생들을 대상으로 2016년 한 학기 동안 세 시점에 걸쳐 온라인 설문지를 작성하게 하였고, 총 247명의 데이터가 분석에 포함되었다. GEE 분석 결과, 지각된 사회적 불평등이 높아질수록 우울의 위험율도 높아졌으며(OR=1.56), 주관적 사회경제적 지위가 낮을수록 불안(OR=1.39) 및 우울(OR=1.38)의 위험율이 높아졌다. 해당 결과는 치료 장면에서 대학생들의 불안 및 우울을 다룰 때 이들의 불평등 인식 및 주관적 사회경제적 지위도 고려해야함을 시사한다.

Influences of Workplace Violence on Depression among Nurses: The Mediating Effect of Social Support
Eun-Mi Seol, Soohyun Nam
STRESS. 2021;29(1):37-44.   Published online March 31, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2021.29.1.37
  • 223 View
  • 4 Download
Abstract PDF
Background

The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating effect of social support and its relationship between workplace violence and depression in nurses.

Methods

This was a cross-sectional descriptive study that included 128 registered nurses who had worked at medical institutions, except those who experienced depression without workplace violence in Korea. The data were collected between July and August 2020 using online surveys. The mediating effect was performed using multiple hierarchical regression.

Results

The rate of workplace violence was 82.8% (n=106). According to the type of workplace violence, the rates of verbal violence, physical threat, and physical violence were 79.7%, 67.2%, and 33.6%, respectively. A positive correlation between workplace violence and depression was found (r=.30, p<.001), whereas social support showed negative correlations with workplace violence (r=−.18, p=.045) and depression (r=−.26, p=003). This study found a partial mediating effect between workplace violence and depression.

Conclusions

It is important to develop strategies to improve the social support of nurses who experienced workplace violence and effectively prevent and manage depression.

A Validation Study of the Korean Version of the Contextual Illness Support Scale
Dong Hee Jeong, Bong-Jin Hahm, Yeong Wook Song, Eun-Jung Shim
STRESS. 2020;28(4):269-275.   Published online December 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2020.28.4.269
  • 250 View
  • 8 Download
Abstract PDF
Background

Although social support for patients with chronic illnesses buffers the detrimental impacts of stress, if it is not provided appropriately, it can be a source of stress. This study examined the psychometric properties of the Korean version of the Contextual Illness Support Scale (K-CISS) for patients with rheumatoid disease.

Methods

A cross-sectional survey containing measures on social support, depression, anxiety, and quality of life was conducted with patients with rheumatoid disease (N=323).

Results

The construct validity was supported by the results of the exploratory structural equation modeling, confirming the original two-factor model (positive and problematic support) and significant correlations between these two factors and health-related variables (i.e., depression, anxiety, and quality of life). The concurrent validity was supported by the significant positive correlation between positive and social support that was measured by the Korean version of the DUKE-UNC functional social support questionnaire. The internal consistency of the K-CISS was satisfactory, with Cronbach’s α values of .96 and .72 for the subscales.

Conclusions

These results suggest that K-CISS is a reliable and valid measure of two aspects of social support.

Review Articles
An Integrative Review of Facial Emotion Information Processing in Depression
Hyejin Park, Sungkun Cho
STRESS. 2020;28(2):41-50.   Published online June 30, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2020.28.2.41
  • 259 View
  • 12 Download
Abstract PDF
Background

This study is an integrative review of literatures of research on emotion processing in depression using facial expression stimuli.

Methods

For the review, we searched domestic and international research articles over the past 20 years according to the integrative review procedure and selected the final 19 papers.

Results

The results of the review revealed that depressed people, compared with those who were not depressed, had the following differences. First, they needed longer time for precise processing of emotion. Second, they managed to recognize positive emotion with high intensity while easily recognized negative emotions with low intensity. Third, they tended to overestimate the intensity of negative emotion. Fourth, they showed a negative interpretation bias to ambiguous or neutral facial expressions. Meanwhile, consistent results across the studies were not found for the variable of accuracy.

Conclusions

Our results suggest that it is necessary to develop more elaborate intervention program and design more sophisticated experiment for further coherent understanding of depression.

Effects of Community-Based Psychological Interventions on Depressive Symptoms and Blood Glucose Control for Older Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Heajin Yu, Boyoung Hwang
STRESS. 2020;28(1):1-9.   Published online March 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2020.28.1.1
  • 470 View
  • 23 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF

본 연구에서는 노인 당뇨 환자를 대상으로 한 지역사회 기반 심리 중재가 환자들의 우울 증상과 혈당조절에 미치는 효과를 체계적으로 고찰하였다. 국내외 7개의 데이터베이스를 사용하여, 2008년 1월 1일부터 2018년 7월 31일까지 발표된 문헌들을 확인하였다. 선정기준에 따라 다섯 편의 연구가 최종 선정되었으며, 총 대상자는 제2형 당뇨 진단을 받은 지역사회 거주 노인 596명이었다. 메타분석에 선정된 네 편의 연구 모두 행동 교육을 목적으로 프로그램을 구성하였다. 추후에는 표본 크기를 늘려 심리적 중재 프로그램을 시행하는 것이 바람직하며 더욱 다양한 지역에서 수행하는 것이 필요함을 확인할 수 있었다.

Original Articles
Mediating Effect of Binge Eating Behavior on the Relationship between Depression and Self Discouragement of University Female Students with Diet Experience
Jisun Park
STRESS. 2019;27(4):448-454.   Published online December 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2019.27.4.448
  • 236 View
  • 7 Download
Abstract PDF
Background:

This study has been carried out in order to investigate the mediating effect of depression on the relationship of self discouragement and binge eating behaviour of university female students with diet experience.

Methods:

The data of diet experience existence, depression, binge eating behavior and self discouragement were obtained. Lastly, the total data of 296 undergraduate female students were analyzed.

Results:

The results of this study were as follows. First, 76% of college women reported a Diet experience. This figure was more than three times the female students reported that this diet experience. Second, In college students with diet experience, the variables of depression, binge eating behavior and self-disappointment were all significantly correlated. Third, binge eating behavior partially mediated the relation between depression and self discouragement.

Conclusions:

Binge eating behavior mediated the relation between depression and self discouragement of University female students with diet experience.

Negative Urgency Mediates the Relation between Negative Emotion and Smartphone Addiction
Ae Kyoung Lee, Hyejeen Lee
STRESS. 2019;27(4):396-403.   Published online December 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2019.27.4.396
  • 300 View
  • 2 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

Negative urgency is a tendency to engage in rash behaviors when experiencing negative emotions such as depression, anxiety, and stress, and is known to predict addictive behaviors. This study aimed to investigate the effect of negative urgency on smartphone addiction as one of behavioral addictions.

Methods:

Self-report questionnaires were administered to 350 college (graduate) students to assess the level of depression, anxiety, stress, negative urgency, and smartphone addiction.

Results:

Regression and bootstrapping analyses showed that negative urgency partially mediated the relationships between each of depression, anxiety, and stress and smartphone addiction, even after controlling for age, sex, and average time spent on smartphone per day.

Conclusions:

Negative emotions such as depression, anxiety, or stress affect smartphone addiction through negative urgency. This finding suggests that intervention for smartphone addiction should focus not only on negative emotions but also on reducing negative urgency. Further implications and limitations of this study are discussed.


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