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Original Articles
Social Support, Academic Stress, Clinical Practice Stress in College Student of Nursing
Yun Kyung Yang*, Kuem Sun Han*, Moon Hye Bae, Seung Hee Yang
Korean J Str Res. 2014;22(1):23-34.   Published online March 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2014.22.1.23
  • 454 View
  • 62 Download
  • 18 Citations
Abstract PDF
The purpose of this study was to identify degree and the relationship between of social support, academic stress, clinical practice stress in college student of nursing. The study included 125 college students attending to 2 college in Gyung gi and 1 college in Kyung buk. The data were collected from 1, November, 2013 to 30, November, 2013. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA, sch?ffe test and pearson correlation coefficient, with SPSS package were used for data analysis. The results are as follows. Social support was significantly different according to interpersonal relationship and characteristics. Academic stress was significantly different according to religion, selection motives of nursing, and major satisfaction. Stress in clinical practice was significantly different according to sex and clinical practice satisfaction. In terms of correlations, there was found significant correlation between friend support and family support and there was found significant correlation and negative correlation between professor support and clinical practice stress. Through this results, to decrease clinical pra
Role Conflict and Conflict Management Styles of Hospital Nurses
Younebook Lee, Hyeakyung Lee
Korean J Str Res. 2015;23(3):147-158.   Published online September 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2015.23.3.147
  • 171 View
  • 13 Download
  • 13 Citations
Abstract PDF
This study is narrative research attempted to provide basic data to present a direction for improving the work environment and for adjusting the role conflict of hospital nurses by revealing the degree of the role conflict occurring in various areas when performing their roles and by investigating which types they manage the conflict during their role conflict situations. The research subjects are 213 nurses working in C University Hospital in C City who have more than one year of experience. The study results are as follows: The total average of hospital nurses' role conflict showed a slightly higher score than the median with 1.91 points (range 0∼3 points). Of the degree of role conflict that hospital nurses experience, the score was the highest of the role conflict between patients/caregivers relationship (2.15 points). Regarding the conflict management types, the score of mixed type was the highest. The study also revealed that relatively positive conflict management methods such as combination and compromise types are used. It seems that the nurses need to find more fundamental conflict resolution methods through active conflict management methods. (Korean J Str Res 2015;23:147∼158)
Review Article
Barriers and Strategies to Adaptation among Korean Male Nursing Students: A Systematic Review
Min Kim, Sunhee Cho, Gyeong-suk Jeon
Korean J Str Res. 2014;22(3):109-119.   Published online September 30, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2014.22.3.109
  • 143 View
  • 9 Download
  • 12 Citations
Abstract PDF
This study aimed to review systematically and identify barriers and strategies to adaptation among Korean male nursing students. A systematic review of qualitative studies published between 1990 and May 2014 was undertaken using the following Korean databases: RISS, KISS, and NANET. The primary search terms were ‘male nursing students’, ‘nursing’, and ‘gender’. A total 11 papers were identified reporting barriers or strategies to adaptation among Korean male nursing students. Individual barrier included choice motivation. Nursing school barriers included time restriction, curriculum, clinical practicum, professor, teaching method, and friendship. Social barrier included gender bias. Strategies were categorized same as barriers such as individual, nursing school, and social strategies. Major barriers and strategies emerged from nursing school category. Further quantitative survey is needed to identify barriers to gender sensitive nursing education. (Korean J Str Res 2014;22:109∼119)
Original Articles
The Study of Preceptor Nurses’ Occupational Stress and Burden
Joohee Han, Eun Kwang Yoo
STRESS. 2018;26(1):38-45.   Published online March 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2018.26.1.38
  • 210 View
  • 3 Download
  • 10 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

This study is a descriptive survey research that aims to investigate occupational stress and burden in preceptor nurses.

Methods:

A total of 173 preceptors have more than 3 years experiences were recruited from 2 university hospital in S-city and I-city.

Results:

The job demand of occupational stress in preceptor nurses was higher than top 25% of Korean workers. To investigate the level of job demand, preceptor’s burden examined, the preceptor’s burden related to new nurses was higher than other reasons. Variables influencing preceptor’s burden were; work department, education period per new nurse and education level of preceptor.

Conclusions:

We suggest repeated research of preceptor nurse’s occupational stress and burden with more variables and it is necessary policy support for nurse’s work environment and improved treatment.

The Effect of Emotional Labor, Social Support and Anger Expression on Nurses’ Organizational Commitment
Ji Eun Kim, Sung Hee Shin, Suk Jeong Ko
STRESS. 2018;26(1):1-6.   Published online March 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2018.26.1.1
  • 211 View
  • 12 Download
  • 9 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

This study was conducted to identify the effects of emotional labor, social support, anger expression on nurses’ organizational commitment.

Methods:

The participants were 175 nurses working at one university hospital. Data were collected from January 26th to February 2nd in 2015 and were analyzed with Multiple Regression Analysis.

Results:

The most influential factor on nurse’s organizational commitment was supervisor’s support (β= .40) followed by emotional labor (β=−.24) and peer’s support (β=.15), which together explained their organizational commitment up to 35.0% (F=16.36, p<.001).

Conclusions:

Through this study result, the factors influencing nurse’s organizational commitment were supervisor’s support, emotional labor, and peer support, among which supervisor’s support was the most influential factor. The results of the study improve nurse’s organizational commitment, supervisor’s support is needed for nurses to understand and solve problems that they encounter.

The Impact of Sleep Disorder and Job Stress on Turnover Intention of Shift-Working Nurses
Eun Ok Yang, In Ryung Choi, Seong-Min Kim
STRESS. 2017;25(4):255-264.   Published online December 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.4.255
  • 156 View
  • 6 Download
  • 9 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

This study is a descriptive survey research that aims to provide basic data for efficient human resource management that can contribute to reducing turnover rate among nurses, by identifying the impact of sleep disorder and job stress on the turnover intention of shift working nurses and understanding the key factors influencing their turnover intention.

Methods:

The subjects of this research were 188 nurses working 8-hour shifts in J-city, G-city and N-city, of which 13 respondents who produced unreliable answers were excluded from the analysis, making the total number of valid questionnaire 175. Collected data were analyzed with a SPSS 12.0 program using descriptive statistics, ANOVA, correlation and stepwise multiple regression.

Results:

As for correlation between domains, sleep disorder and turnover intention had positive correlation. Between job stress and turnover intention, the total job stress was positively correlated with turnover intention. Variables influencing turnover intention among the subjects were; the more clinically experienced, and in regards to job stress, the less adapted to workplace climate, the lower the level of payment and the more serious the sleep disorder.

Conclusions:

In conclusion, as a nurse in shift work, the more clinical experience, the less the salary, the more sleeping obstacles, the less the job adaptation to the work culture, the more the degree of turnover is found to be high.

Influencing Factors of Job-seeking Stress among Korean College Students in West South Area
Sunhee Cho, Gyeong-suk Jeon
Korean J Str Res. 2015;23(2):79-89.   Published online June 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2015.23.2.79
  • 162 View
  • 10 Download
  • 9 Citations
Abstract PDF
The purpose of this study was to examine influencing factors of job-seeking stress among Korean college students. A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted. A sample size of 248 male and 225 female students residing in South Korea completed the instruments of perceived job-seeking stress, self-efficacy, stress coping, social support, and depressive symptoms. Data was analyzed by ANOVA and multivariate regression. Female presented higher stress level, depressive symptoms, and lower self-efficacy and active coping. Influencing factors of job-seeking stress were self-efficacy, depression, grade, major, academic achievement, and employment status. Female students, self-efficacy, and academic major need to be considered when developing job-seeking stress management program. Depression should be screened when counseling students on high level of job-seeking stress. (Korean J Str Res 2015;23:79∼89)
A Bifactor Approach to the Factor Structure Study of the CES-D Scale
Jaeeun Shin, Taehun Lee, So Jin Yun
STRESS. 2017;25(4):272-278.   Published online December 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.4.272
  • 219 View
  • 8 Download
  • 8 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

The purpose of this study was to examine the factor structure of the Korean version of CES-D scale by applying the bifactor model. Many studies for validating the CES-D scale have supported the four-factor structure. But some studies found that the three factor structure provided a more appropriate solution. Such inconsistency in the number and structure of factors led us to conduct two studies to clarify the structure of dimensionality of the CES-D-K scale.

Methods:

In study 1, we factor-analyzed the response patterns to the abbreviated CES-D-K scale (11-item, N=12,309) included the Korean Welfare Panel Study. In study 2, we factor-analyzed the data obtained from 223 college and graduate students who responded to the 20-item CES-D-K scale. Correlational analyses were also conducted to investigate criterion validity of the CES-D-K scale with external variables that are theoretically related to depression. The fit indexes of a single-factor model, a four-factors model, and a bifactor model were compared. The Omega coefficients and Explained Common Variance (ECV) were also computed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the CES–D-K scale more accurately.

Results:

The results showed that the CES-D-K scale has a high value of Omega-Hierarchical for the total score, low values of Omega-Hierarchical for the subscale scores, and a high ECV value.

Conclusions:

Therefore, we concluded that, as the scale with a strong general factor, the use of the scale score can accomplish the goal of measuring individual differences on the target construct of depression with little to no gain from constructing subscale scores.

Review Article
An Integrative Review of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for Mental Health Problem
Dugja Choi, Sungjae Kim
STRESS. 2017;25(2):75-85.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.2.75
  • 204 View
  • 9 Download
  • 8 Citations
Abstract PDF

The purpose of this study was to provide an integrative review of ACT for mental health problems to identify content of program and discuss methodological strategy of intervention according to target population. According to Whittmore and Knaf’s integrative review method, this research was conducted in five stages: clarification of research problems, literature search, and quality evaluation of data, data analysis, and data description. The key words in English and Korean were used to search through seven electronic databases. 21 studies were finally included in this integrative review. ACT was used as an intervention for anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder and eating disorders and was effective in social avoidance, anxiety sensitivity, depression, dysfunctional belief and negative thinking. It was also used as an intervention for the maladjustment in adolescence to improve self-esteem and reduce behavioral problem. The six core processes of ACT are useful for people with chronic mental illness who have an ineffective avoidance strategy that avoids their symptoms and does not accept the illness. We give a suggestion that researchers develop and apply appropriate ACT for mentally ill person in hospitals.

Original Articles
Disaster Experience, Perception and Perceived Stress of Nursing Students
Young Ran Lee, Suk Jung Han, Chung Min Cho
Korean J Str Res. 2016;24(4):237-242.   Published online December 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2016.24.4.237
  • 172 View
  • 4 Download
  • 7 Citations
Abstract PDF

The purpose of this study was to investigate nursing students’ disaster experience, perception and stress. Data were collected from 374 nursing students from three nursing colleges in Seoul with self- reported questionnaires. Analysis was performed by descriptive statistics and t-test. The average score of disaster perception was 3.2 out of 5 points, while disaster stress was 5.7 out of 10 points. There was a significant difference in disaster stress with disaster experience. In conclusion, a program is needed to educate nursing students about management of disaster stress. It is also recommended to establish a curriculum which provides opportunities to learn internationally standardized essential disaster nursing tasks.

The Relation of Parenting Stress, Anger and Somatization Symptom of Mothers
Eun-Kyung Kim, Chin Kang Koh
Korean J Str Res. 2016;24(3):151-160.   Published online September 30, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2016.24.3.151
  • 162 View
  • 2 Download
  • 7 Citations
Abstract PDF

The purpose of this study was to identify the relation of parenting stress, anger and somatization symptom in mothers. Data were collected from 104 mothers of infants 12 months to 7 years old and analyzed by the statistical package SPSS WIN 20.0. The mean score for parenting stress was 78.26, that of anger was 74.00 and that of somatization symptom was 8.09. The score for parent domain was the highest in parenting stress and that of anger-control was the highest in anger expression. And the score of the trait anger was higher than that of the state anger. The parent domain was significant correlated with state anger (r=.490, p<.001) and trait anger (r=.415, p<.001), parent-children domain was significant correlated with state anger (r=.418, p<.001), somatization symptom was significant correlated with parent domain (r=.454, p<.001) and state anger (r=.488, p<.001). Anger-in (t=4.864, p<.001) and parent domain in parenting stress (t=2.380, p=.019) were significant predictors explaining 35.7% in somatization symptom.

The Influence of the Emotional Labor, Professional Self-Concept, Self-Efficacy & Social Support of Emergency Room Nurse’s Burnout
Miro Kim, Eunju Seo, Sung Hee Shin
STRESS. 2019;27(4):404-411.   Published online December 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2019.27.4.404
  • 258 View
  • 23 Download
  • 6 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of emotional labor, professional self-concept, self-efficiency and social support on burnout of emergency room nurses by verifying the level of burnout of them. Through this, we will reduce the turnover and secure professional manpower and they will provide basic data on efficient manpower management.

Methods:

The subjects of this study were 130 emergency room nurses of eight hospitals in Seoul. The collected datas were analyzed by the SPSS Version 24.0 program using the percentage, mean and standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson’s correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis.

Results:

The level of emotional labor of emergency room nurses was higher than that of other nurses. Professional self-concept, self-efficiency and social support have a negative correlation with burnout and there is a positive correlation between professional self-concept, self-efficiency and social support. The major factors influencing burnout were professional self-concept, which was a significant negative influence factor, emotional labor was a significant positive influence and self-efficiency showed a significant negative influence factor.

Conclusions:

To reduce the burnout of emergency room nurses, an emotional management program, positive self-concept formation for emergency room nurses are needed. In addition, it is necessary to develop and apply a variety of intervention programs to build policy for long- term working nurse and social support systems.

Korean Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (K-MAIA): Development and Validation
Wan-Suk Gim, Kyo-Lin Sim, Ok-Kyung Cho
Korean J Str Res. 2016;24(3):177-192.   Published online September 30, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2016.24.3.177
  • 221 View
  • 3 Download
  • 6 Citations
Abstract PDFSupplementary Material

In this study, based on a critical review of the 32-item Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (Mehling, Price, Daubenmier, Acree, Bartmess & Stewart, 2012; MAIA), a 32-item Korean edition of MAIA was developed in a pilot study and validated in two studies. In a pilot study, the 32 items of MAIA were adapted to Korean language, then administered to 253 adults for item analysis. Based on the results on item discrimination, internal consistency, and exploratory factor analysis, the scale was revised and reconstructed. In the study 1, the scale was administered to 295 adults; reliability analysis and exploratory factor analysis were performed, and correlation coefficients with other related scales were examined. In addition, interoceptive awareness was compared among groups with varying experiences in training related to interoceptive awareness. In the study 2, the scale was administered to 223 adults; confirmatory factor analysis was performed. Results showed that the Korean edition of MAIA with a total of 32 items and six factors had sufficient reliability and validity, demonstrating a high reliability based on internal consistency of .94, theoretically consistent levels of correlation coefficients with other scales, and satisfactory construct validity. The study concludes with discussions on implications and limitations of the study.

Child-rearing Attitude and Parenting Stress of Mothers with Infant
Jiyoung Kim
Korean J Str Res. 2015;23(2):91-100.   Published online June 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2015.23.2.91
  • 115 View
  • 8 Download
  • 6 Citations
Abstract PDF
The purposes of this study were to investigate the child-rearing attitude, parenting stress and their relationship and to identify the predictors of parenting stress among infant mothers. A descriptive correlational study was conducted. The participants were 258 infant mothers who visited a health department in G city. Self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe multiple comparison, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis were conducted. The average score for child-rearing attitude was 70.5 and parenting stress was 76.80. Child-rearing attitude was significantly correlated with parenting stress. Child-rearing attitude, husband support, economic status, the mother’s age, the mother’s perception of infant’s growth were significant predictors explaining 40.4% parenting stress. Nursing interventions need to be developed and applied to improve child-rearing attitude of infant mothers and to maintain and promote health status of infants. Further studies are needed to identify the predictors of parenting stress. (Korean J Str Res 2015;23:91∼100)
The Influencing Factors of Burnout in Nurses in the COVID-19 Pandemic Disaster
Jeong Yee Bae, Eun-kyung Lee, Bi-Joo Kim, Eun Ju Lee
STRESS. 2021;29(2):80-86.   Published online June 30, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2021.29.2.80
  • 388 View
  • 30 Download
  • 5 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background

This study aims to identify factors influencing burnout in nurses during COVID-19 disaster situations.

Methods

The research subjects were 131 nurses who had the experience of nursing patients during the COVID-19 pandemic, and were selected through convenience sampling. The collected data were subjected to percentage, mean and standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis using the SPSS version 24.0 program.

Results

Burnout in nurses showed a statistically significant correlation with anxiety, PTSD, and depression. It was also confirmed that nurses’ depression and shift work were important factors that had significant effects on burnout.

Conclusions

In preparation for new infectious diseases that are expected to become more frequent in the future, a policy to supply nursing manpower and prevent burnout is necessary. In addition, it is necessary to introduce various work systems and develop and disseminate intervention programs for depression and burnout.


STRESS : STRESS