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Volume 31(2); June 2023
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Original Articles
The Moderating Effect of Perceived Psychological Support on the Relationship between Perceived Disaster Damage, Posttraumatic Stress, and Subjective Health Status among Disaster Victims
Ahram Im, Chin Kang Koh
STRESS. 2023;31(2):51-58.   Published online June 30, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2023.31.2.51
  • 867 View
  • 69 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
This study examined the relationship between perceived disaster damage, posttraumatic stress, and subjective health status after disasters and the moderating effect of perceived psychological support among disaster victims.
Methods
Data from 1,821 participants in the fourth ‘Follow-up Survey on Change of Disaster Victims’ conducted by the National Disaster Management Research Institute in 2019 were analyzed.
Results
The results showed that the perceived degree of disaster damage significantly impacted subjective health status after disasters; this effect was fully mediated by posttraumatic stress. Furthermore, perceptions of psychological support were found to moderate the mediation effect of posttraumatic stress.
Conclusions
Based on these findings, a discussion was suggested regarding future improvements in disaster-supporting policies.
The Antidepressant Effects of Domestic Natural Mixed Fragrance Ingredients in Animal Models
Sook Heui Jung
STRESS. 2023;31(2):59-64.   Published online June 30, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2023.31.2.59
  • 1,029 View
  • 40 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
This study used inhalation toxicity experiments, open field experiments, and tail suspension tests to investigate the antidepressant effect of a combination of nine types of refined oils extracted from domestic native plants.
Methods
Non-irritability was confirmed through an inhalation toxicity test, locomotor activity was measured using an open field test, and the antidepressant effect was assessed by measuring immobility time during a tail suspension test.
Results
The inhalation toxicity test confirmed that both samples were non-stimulated with a negative stimulation index of 0.0. In the tail suspension experiment, the floating time was significantly shorter than the depression model, with an average of 142.33±18.31 seconds compared to the control group at 0.5% concentration (F=10.582, p<.001).
Conclusions
This study’s results suggest that combining refined oils extracted from domestic native plants could be used to develop prototypes that effectively alleviate depression. Future studies should include usability evaluation and human application tests to further investigate these potential benefits.
The Mediating Role of Smartphone Usage Time in the Relation between Stress and Anxiety among Adolescents during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Eunha Jeong
STRESS. 2023;31(2):65-72.   Published online June 30, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2023.31.2.65
  • 2,391 View
  • 62 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background
This study examines the mediating effect of smartphone usage time on the relationship between stress and anxiety among adolescents.
Methods
Data on 54,848 adolescents were obtained from the 17th (2021) Korea Youth Behavior Survey. The data were analyzed using PROCESS Macro Version 4.1 (Model 4) to examine the effect and significance of each path in the mediation model.
Results
There was a statistically significant direct effect of stress on anxiety. Additionally, smartphone usage time mediated the relationship between stress and anxiety, indicating a significant indirect effect.
Conclusions
The findings suggest the importance of addressing stress coping strategies and implementing effective intervention programs related to smartphone use to promote adolescents’ mental health.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Influence of Sedentary Behavior and Smartphone Use on the Risk of Generalized Anxiety Disorder among Adolescents
    Kyong Sil Park
    Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.2023; 32(4): 363.     CrossRef
Attention Bias to Emotional Expression: Variations Based on Anxiety Tendency and Depression Tendency
Yeongeun Kim, Yoonhyoung Lee, Jini Tae, Wonhye Lee
STRESS. 2023;31(2):73-80.   Published online June 30, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2023.31.2.73
  • 1,382 View
  • 72 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
This study examined whether automatic attention bias toward emotional stimuli differs among individuals with varying anxiety and depression levels in the non-clinical population.
Methods
A total of 494 participants from the community completed the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7). The dot-probe task was conducted to compare attention biases when emotional stimuli appeared before the target versus neutral stimuli did.
Results
There were differences in attention bias based on the stimuli types, even among the non-clinical community. The anxiety tendency group showed attention bias towards positive expressions, while the depression tendency group showed attention bias toward negative expressions. The group with anxiety and depression tendencies showed mixed characteristics observed in both the anxiety and depression groups.
Conclusions
This study showed that attention bias toward emotional stimuli is an information-processing bias influenced by an individual’s internal state. This study contributes to the understanding of attention bias differences among groups based on anxiety and depression tendencies in non-clinical population of various ages.
The Mediating Role of Anger Rumination in the Relationship between Job Stress and Problem Drinking among Community-Oriented Police Officers
Dawon Jang, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2023;31(2):81-86.   Published online June 30, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2023.31.2.81
  • 688 View
  • 42 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
This study investigated the mediating effect of anger rumination in the relationship between job stress and problem drinking among community-oriented police officers.
Methods
The study participants were 107 community-oriented police officers working in local police stations and substations in the Seoul-Gyeonggi area. Participants completed the Police Job Stress Scale, Anger Rumination Scale (K-ARS), and Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT). Data was collected from September to October 2022, and the mediation analysis was performed using SPSS PROCESS Macro model 4.
Results
Analysis showed that anger rumination fully mediates the relationship between job stress and problem drinking among community-oriented police officers.
Conclusions
This study emphasizes the importance of interventions or treatments that address both job stress and anger rumination for community-oriented police officers with alcohol-related problems. Such interventions can contribute to preventing and managing problem drinking that threatens the well-being of individual police officers and the police organization.
The Dual Mediation Effect of Evaluative Concerns Perfectionism and Mindfulness in the Relationship between Temperament and Depression among Office Workers
SeoYeon Park, Yejin Cho, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2023;31(2):87-95.   Published online June 30, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2023.31.2.87
  • 1,247 View
  • 64 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
This study investigates the dual mediation effect of evaluative concerns perfectionism and mindfulness in the relationship between temperament and depression among office workers.
Methods
220 Korean office workers completed online surveys measuring levels of FCB-TI perseveration (PE) and emotional reactivity (ER), evaluative concerns perfectionism, mindfulness, and depression.
Results
The data analysis results showed that evaluative concerns perfectionism and mindfulness both mediated the relationship between temperament types and depression. Additionally, evaluative concerns perfectionism and mindfulness had dual mediating effect between temperament and depression.
Conclusions
Based on the results of this study, PE and ER temperament could increase the level of evaluative concerns perfectionism, decreasing the level of mindfulness and increasing the risk of depression. The findings highlight the potential value of mindfulness-based interventions focusing on alleviating perfectionism concerning others’ evaluation for preventing and treating depression in office settings.

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