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Volume 26(1); March 2018
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Original Articles
The Effect of Emotional Labor, Social Support and Anger Expression on Nurses’ Organizational Commitment
Ji Eun Kim, Sung Hee Shin, Suk Jeong Ko
STRESS. 2018;26(1):1-6.   Published online March 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2018.26.1.1
  • 211 View
  • 12 Download
  • 9 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

This study was conducted to identify the effects of emotional labor, social support, anger expression on nurses’ organizational commitment.

Methods:

The participants were 175 nurses working at one university hospital. Data were collected from January 26th to February 2nd in 2015 and were analyzed with Multiple Regression Analysis.

Results:

The most influential factor on nurse’s organizational commitment was supervisor’s support (β= .40) followed by emotional labor (β=−.24) and peer’s support (β=.15), which together explained their organizational commitment up to 35.0% (F=16.36, p<.001).

Conclusions:

Through this study result, the factors influencing nurse’s organizational commitment were supervisor’s support, emotional labor, and peer support, among which supervisor’s support was the most influential factor. The results of the study improve nurse’s organizational commitment, supervisor’s support is needed for nurses to understand and solve problems that they encounter.

The Validation Study of the Hypomanic Personality Scale for Use in Korea
Jinkyung Oh, Heyeon Park, Chad Ebesutani, Sungwon Choi
STRESS. 2018;26(1):7-17.   Published online March 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2018.26.1.7
  • 175 View
  • 6 Download
Abstract PDFSupplementary Material
Background:

Hypomanic Personality Scale (HPS) had been adapted into several languages for use in various countries as a tool to measure hypomanic tendencies. It is widely used to investigate bipolar disorder risk among non-clinical samples. Its usefulness has also been suggested in Korea via recent studies.

Methods:

The HPS was adapted through a back-translation process by two bilinguist and reviewed by three clinical psychologists. To investigate internal consistency, test-retest, and convergent and concurrent validity of the HPS, 230 normal participants completed a self-report battery on-line. Explanatory factor analysis was performed to examine the factor structure of the HPS.

Results:

The adapted HPS showed good internal consistency and test-retest correlations. Validation results showed that people who had higher HPS total scores had more extraversion in social relations and openness to new environments and experiences. The HPS scores also had positive correlations with scores of borderline personality trait, impulsive tendencies, sensation seeking, and grandiosity. People with a stronger hypomanic tendency had more hypomania symptoms and depressive symptoms. Exploratory factor analysis supported two factors: (1) ‘social vitality and self-confidence,’ associated with positive characteristics, and (2) ‘hypomanic-like symptoms,’ associated with negative attributes.

Conclusions:

The adapted HPS scores were reliable and valid for measuring hypomanic personalities. Hypomanic personality might have two aspects, one related to usefulness for daily life functioning, and the other vulnerable to psychological problems. The implications and limitations of this research and subsequent studies are discussed.

A Study on the Influencing Factors on the Preparation for Retirement and Retirement Stress of the Nurses
Kyung Hee Kim, Joo Hyun Kim, Dong Sook Lee, Sung Ja Yoon, Kyoung Shil Jang, Sun Ki Lee
STRESS. 2018;26(1):18-24.   Published online March 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2018.26.1.18
  • 150 View
  • 7 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

The purpose of this study was to identify the influencing factors on the preparation for retirement of the nurses.

Methods:

Participants were total 165 clinical nurses and data were collected using questionnaires and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, Kruskal Wallis test, Mann-Whitney test, Pearson correlation and multiple regression with SPSS 23.0.

Results:

There was significant negative correlation between retirement stress and preparation for retirement. Marital status and intention to reemployment were accounted for 12.1% of variance in preparation for retirement. Attitude for retirement was accounted for 16.4% of variance in retirement stress.

Conclusions:

The result of this study suggested that it is important to manage attitude for retirement and preparation for retirement in order to reduce retirement stress in clinical nurses. And we need to develop education program for retirement in order to opportunity to prepare retirement of clinical nurses.

Influences of Cognitive Emotion Regulation and Social Support on Social Anxiety amongNursing Students
Ok-Hee Cho, Young-Hee Kim
STRESS. 2018;26(1):25-31.   Published online March 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2018.26.1.25
  • 107 View
  • 1 Download
Abstract PDF
Background:

This study was a descriptive research study conducted to investigate the influences of cognitive emotion regulation and social support on social anxiety among nursing students.

Methods:

The participants were 672 nursing department students at a university. The participants were surveyed using structured questionnaires for cognitive emotion regulation, social support, and social anxiety from March to May 2017.

Results:

The results showed that the absence of social conflict, rumination of cognitive emotion regulation, and social support were found to affect social anxiety; these variables predicted the social anxiety of nursing students by 27%. The social anxiety of nursing students also varied according to religion, satisfaction with their nursing major, and academic achievement. There was a positive correlation between cognitive emotion regulation and social anxiety, but a negative correlation between social support and social anxiety.

Conclusions:

This study was significant in demonstrating that cognitive emotion regulation and social support of nursing students are verified factors affecting social anxiety. It is necessary to consider cognitive emotion regulation and social support when developing an intervention program to reduce social anxiety in nursing students.

The Relationship between Post-Traumatic Growth, Trauma Experience and Cognitive Emotion Regulation in Nurses
Sook Lee, Mun Gyeong Gwon, YeonJung Kim
STRESS. 2018;26(1):31-37.   Published online March 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2018.26.1.31
  • 204 View
  • 7 Download
  • 5 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

The purposes of this study were to identify the relationships among post-traumatic growth, trauma experience, cognitive emotion regulation (adoptive and maladoptive) and to determine the influences on post-traumatic growth in nurses.

Methods:

The participants were 105 nurses in Chung-Nam and Gyeonggi-do. Some variables related to post-traumatic growth, trauma experience, cognitive emotion regulation were measured using reliable instruments.

Results:

There showed significant positive relationships of post-traumatic growth with adoptive cognitive emotion regulation. Among predictors, adoptive cognitive emotion regulation, career and position had statistically significant influence on post-traumatic growth.

Conclusions:

These results suggest that intervention on post-traumatic growth that targets the adoptive cognitive emotion regulation may be helpful in enhancing post-traumatic growth in nurses.

The Study of Preceptor Nurses’ Occupational Stress and Burden
Joohee Han, Eun Kwang Yoo
STRESS. 2018;26(1):38-45.   Published online March 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2018.26.1.38
  • 210 View
  • 3 Download
  • 10 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

This study is a descriptive survey research that aims to investigate occupational stress and burden in preceptor nurses.

Methods:

A total of 173 preceptors have more than 3 years experiences were recruited from 2 university hospital in S-city and I-city.

Results:

The job demand of occupational stress in preceptor nurses was higher than top 25% of Korean workers. To investigate the level of job demand, preceptor’s burden examined, the preceptor’s burden related to new nurses was higher than other reasons. Variables influencing preceptor’s burden were; work department, education period per new nurse and education level of preceptor.

Conclusions:

We suggest repeated research of preceptor nurse’s occupational stress and burden with more variables and it is necessary policy support for nurse’s work environment and improved treatment.

Mediating Effect of Stress Coping in the Relationship between Technostress and Teacher Efficacy of Early Childhood Teachers
Ji Young Lee
STRESS. 2018;26(1):46-51.   Published online March 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2018.26.1.46
  • 179 View
  • 10 Download
  • 3 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

The purpose of this study was to examine the association between early childhood teachers’ technostress and teacher efficacy, and explored the mediation effects of stress coping in the between technostress and teacher efficacy.

Methods:

The subjects of the study were 197 kindergarten and child care center teachers who work in Seoul and Gyeonggi do. The data were collected from 5, November 2017 to 20, November. It was analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation and multiple regression using SPSS 20.0 program.

Results:

Participants was a moderate degree of technostress and stress coping, and slightly higher degree of teacher efficacy. There were significant correlations among technostress, stress coping and teacher efficacy. Technostress was positively correlated with stress coping and was negatively correlated with teacher efficacy. Stress coping was acted as a mediator in the between technostress and teacher efficacy.

Conclusions:

These results suggest that it is necessary to develop and apply an intervention program focusing on stress coping in order to lower the technostress and raise the teacher efficacy of early childhood teachers.

The Effect of Stress Vulnerability on Stress Level
Gyoungmook Park, Eunyoung Park
STRESS. 2018;26(1):52-59.   Published online March 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2018.26.1.52
  • 145 View
  • 6 Download
Abstract PDF
Background:

This study was aimed to test the power of explanation of stress vulnerability for stress level, which is the subscales of IESS.

Methods:

237 University students (3∼4 grade) and late 20∼early 40’s administered IESS twice and these data were analyzed.

Results:

Correlation between all scales of stress vulnerability and stress level were positively significant (r=0.18∼0.47). Results of multiple regression analysis suggested that regardless of test time, perfectionism and avoidance scale of stress vulnerability had the biggest explanation power for stress level and stress vulnerability could explain the future stress level significantly.

Conclusions:

These results suggest that IESS which is consisted with stress vulnerability and stress level might be utilized to predict future stress.

Effects of Emotional Development Therapy (EDT) on Stress, Fatigue, Sleep, and Heart Rate Variability (HRV) in Nurses
Mi-Young Jeong, Nam-Sook Seo
STRESS. 2018;26(1):60-67.   Published online March 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2018.26.1.60
  • 139 View
  • 5 Download
Abstract PDF
Background:

The aim of this study is to verify the effects of EDT on stress, fatigue, sleep and HRV in nurses. The study was a quasi-experiment using nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design.

Methods:

Experimental treatment was to contact EDT 3 points on the body surface. EDT touch used the first fingerprint of the thumb for 3 minutes on the frontal branch of superficial temporal area, 3 minutes on the facial area, and 4 minutes on the axillary area. EDT was applied 10 minutes, twice a week for 5 weeks.

Results:

Data were analyzed with SPSS 23.0 program. As a result, stress, fatigue, sleep, and HRV were statistically significant difference in both groups.

Conclusions:

EDT can be used not only for nurses’ health maintenance and promotion but also for independent nursing intervention at clinical practice.

Pathways to Collective Emotions: Proximity, Media Exposure, Initial Reactions and Appraisal following the Sewol Ferry Disaster
Young Ae Kim, Bu Jong Kim, Yun Kyeung Choi
STRESS. 2018;26(1):68-75.   Published online March 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2018.26.1.68
  • 118 View
  • 1 Download
Abstract PDF
Background:

The purpose of the present study was to explore the impacts of proximity, media exposure, initial reactions and appraisal on ‘sorry feeling’ as trauma-related collective emotions.

Methods:

The data were collected from a sample of 2,009 respondents (552 males and 1,457 females) using an online survey during a week at a year after Sewol ferry disaster. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was used to specify from proximity and media exposure to collective emotions through initial reactions at peri-disaster period (T1) and appraisals at the 1st anniversary of the disaster (T2).

Results:

The results showed that the proximity, amounts of media exposure (T1 and T2) and initial reactions (T1) influenced collective emotions through the appraisals at T2.

Conclusions:

These results were discussed in terms of moral injury and collective emotions. Limitation of this study and directions of future research were suggested.


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