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Volume 25(3); September 2017
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Original Articles
The Effect of Sexual Attitude, Sexual Attitude of Parents, and Depression on Sexual Intercourse Experience of University Students
Eun Mi Lee, Ka Young Kim
STRESS. 2017;25(3):155-161.   Published online September 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.3.155
  • 153 View
  • 11 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

This study was conducted to investigate the factors that influence sexual intercourse experience of university students in Korea.

Methods:

We selected 244 students who completed a questionnaire about general characteristics, sexual attitude, sexual intercourse experience, depression. It was analyzed by logistic regression using sexual attitude of university student, father, and mother as explanatory variables.

Results:

The results showed that sexual intercourse experience was more frequent in the respondents who were more open about sexual attitude, those whose mothers have more open mind to sexual attitude, and those who were less depressed.

Conclusions:

The sexual intercourse experience is important to affect the upcoming adult period in university students. This study suggests that it is necessary to develop systematically the sexual education program in university and society.

Effects of the Personal and Job Characteristics, Professionalism, Organizational Commitment and Depression on the Job Satisfaction of Public Social Work Officials in Korea
Sun-young Lee, Hongjik Lee
STRESS. 2017;25(3):162-169.   Published online September 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.3.162
  • 133 View
  • 1 Download
  • 2 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

This study explored how the personal and job characteristics, professionalism, organizational commitment and depression of public social work officials affect their job satisfaction in Korea.

Methods:

296 samples were selected from the raw data of the public social work officials working in the Seoul-Gyeonggi metropolitan area, which were collected by a research center in Korea, for this study. It conducted multiple regression analysis.

Results:

As results of the augmented regression analysis, gender, organizational commitment and depression were key factors to determine the job satisfaction of social work public officials in Korea.

Conclusions:

Findings of this study recommended us policy and administrative implications to increase their job satisfaction.

An Integrative Review of Life Events in Early Schizophrenia
Jaewon Joung, Sungjae Kim
STRESS. 2017;25(3):170-178.   Published online September 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.3.170
  • 178 View
  • 10 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

The purpose of this study was to review the literature to improve the understanding of life events of early schizophrenia and identify the related factors using an integrative review.

Methods:

The key words, ‘schizophrenia’ and ‘life events’ were used to search peer-reviewed evidence through six electronic databases and 11 papers were selected.

Results:

The factors related to the life events of the early schizophrenia were as follows 1) social isolation, lack of self-efficacy, lack of coping as antecedents 2) depression as a mediating factor 3) precipitating role of psychotic symptoms as a consequence.

Conclusions:

It is difficult to identify the causal relationship between life events and psychotic symptoms because there are methodological limitations and conflicting results. In the future, it will be necessary qualitative research on life events of early schizophrenia and intervention study applying related factors identified in this study.

The Effects of a Cognitive Behavioral Intervention on Perceived Stress and Somatic Symptoms in College Students
Soohyun Nam, Boyoung Hwang
STRESS. 2017;25(3):179-187.   Published online September 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.3.179
  • 146 View
  • 4 Download
  • 2 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects a cognitive behavioral intervention on perceived stress, somatic symptoms, automatic negative thoughts and dysfunctional attitudes in college students.

Methods:

This was a quasi-experimental study with a nonequivalent control group design. Students who agreed to participate in the study and had a total score of 7 or greater on the Patient Health Questionnaire-15 were asked to choose one of the two groups to attend: Experimental and control groups. Students in the experimental group (N=17) received 5-weekly group sessions of the intervention, each of which lasted 60 minutes. The interventions were not provided to the control group (N=15). Students in both groups were asked to complete a set of questionnaires at baseline and five weeks. Descriptive statistics were calculated, and t-test, Mann-Whitney U test and repeated measures ANOVA were performed.

Results:

There was a significant interaction between time and group for perceived stress, somatic symptoms and automatic negative thoughts. Dysfunctional attitudes, on the other hand, were not significantly different by group.

Conclusions:

The findings showed that the intervention was effective for college students suffering from perceived stress and somatic symptoms. In particular, the significant decrease in automatic negative thoughts among students in the intervention group suggests that the effect of the cognitive-behavioral intervention was mediated by the cognitive factors of somatic symptoms.

Effect of Type D Personality on Life Stress in University Students
Mi-Kyeong Jeon, Yu Jeong Kim
STRESS. 2017;25(3):188-194.   Published online September 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.3.188
  • 178 View
  • 8 Download
  • 2 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Type D personality on life stress in university students.

Methods:

A total of 226 students were recruited from 2 universities. Data were collected from December 1 to 20, 2016.

Results:

About 40.3% of participants were classified as Type D personality group. Students with type D personality had lower major satisfaction and university satisfaction than students who did not. In addition, life stresses were higher as Type D personality, were negatively correlated with major satisfaction and university satisfaction.

Conclusions:

It is necessary to develop an intervention program so that Type D personality students can cope with stress actively.

Influence of Ambivalence over Emotional Expressiveness on Self-efficacy and Interpersonal Relationship of College Students
Eun Mi Lee, Yu Jeong Kim, Sunkyung Cha
STRESS. 2017;25(3):195-200.   Published online September 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.3.195
  • 131 View
  • 2 Download
Abstract PDF
Background:

This research focuses on ambivalence over emotional expressiveness of college students. It was expected to provide basic data that can be used in the development of related strategies to identify the influence of ambivalence over emotional expressiveness on self-efficacy and interpersonal relationship.

Methods:

We selected 282 students who completed a questionnaire about general characteristics, ambivalence over emotional expressiveness, self-efficacy, and interpersonal relationship tools. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, independent sample t-test, and regression analysis.

Results:

Overall ambivalence over emotional expressiveness and ambivalence over positive emotional expressiveness of those who lived alone or in dormitory were statistically significantly higher than living with their families or relatives. Ambivalence over positive emotional expressiveness had significant negative effect on self-efficacy. Overall ambivalence over emotional expressiveness and ambivalence over positive emotional expressiveness had significant negative effects on interpersonal relationship.

Conclusions:

To develop strategies enhancing self-efficacy and interpersonal relationship for college students, it is necessary to develop a strategy that can improve ambivalence over positive emotional expressiveness on self-efficacy. There is a need for strategies that improves both ambivalence over positive emotional expressiveness and ambivalence over positive emotional expressiveness on interpersonal relationship.

Schizophrenic Patients’ Perception and Nurses’ Estimation of the Stress during Hospitalization in Psychiatric Ward
ByungJun Kim, Sookbin Im
STRESS. 2017;25(3):201-208.   Published online September 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.3.201
  • 149 View
  • 7 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

This study aimed to compare schizophrenic patients’ and nurses’ perceptions of the stress felt by patients during hospitalization, and to present baseline data on patient-centered nursing.

Methods:

The subjects were 66 schizophrenic patients and 80 nurses in 11 psychiatric wards in the Chungcheong and Gwangju area. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires and analyzed by descriptive statistics.

Results:

The results showed that the level of the patients’ perceived stress was between mild and moderate level (1.56±.56), whereas the level of the nurses’ estimation of patients’ stress (2.05±.42) was higher than patients’ perception. The level of the nurses’ perception of the patients’ stress was significantly higher than that of the patients’ perceived stress in terms of a life with no future, a sense of alienation from family, infringement of basic needs, and the inconvenience of collective life, and very wide variations were found. And both the patients and the nurses reported unfair human rights violation as the greatest stressor.

Conclusions:

Psychiatric nurses should provide patients with individualized stress management strategies that focus on stressors and the level of stress perceived by each patient.

Brief Report
Resilient to Stress: Proposed a Novel Type E Personality
Hyun-ju Lee, Insop Shim, Kwang Ho Pyun
STRESS. 2017;25(3):209-212.   Published online September 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.3.209
  • 125 View
  • 3 Download
Abstract PDF

항상성을 깨트리는 스트레스성 자극에 대한 신체 반응은 개인의 성격, 후생학적 요인, 단일유전자변이 차이에 따라 다양하다. 스트레스에 민감한 성격의 소유자 일수록 다양한 스트레스성 질환 발병 가능성이 높으며 이에 대한 연구는 많이 보고되어 있다. 하지만, 스트레스 회복 탄력성을 지닌 성격타입 및 신경 내분비학적 기전에 관한 연구는 드물다. 따라서, 본 연구에서는 해로운 스트레스를 좋은 스트레스로 바꿀 수 있는 새로운 E 타입의 성격을 제안하고자 한다. 긍정적 스트레스란 스트레스의 종류에 따라 구분되는 것이 아니라 그것을 어떻게 지각하는가에 따라 결정되는데, E 타입 성격의 소유자는 ‘할 수 있다’는 긍정적인 관점과 감사할 줄 아는 마음을 지녔고, 주변 사람들에게 이타적이며, 사회적 지지를 받으며 정서적 의사소통을 원활히 하고 종교적, 봉사 활동에 적극 참여한다. 이로 인해, 스트레스 자극에 의한 긴장상황에서 스트레스 반응을 짧은 기간내에 정상화시키며 소멸시키는데, 도파민, 엔돌핀, 세로토닌, 옥시토신과 같은 긍정호르몬이 분비되어 신체가 생리적, 행동적 변화를 통해 심신의 항상성과 균형을 잘 유지시켜 환경에 잘 적응하고 삶의 만족도를 높이도록 한다.


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