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Volume 25(2); June 2017
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Review Articles
A Meta-Analysis on the Effectiveness of Mindful Meditation: Focused on ACT and MBSR
Hee-hyun Cho, Ju-hee Lee
STRESS. 2017;25(2):69-74.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.2.69
  • 181 View
  • 3 Download
  • 2 Citations
Abstract PDF

The study is performed to recognize overall effect size of interventions based on mindfulness and further find the moderator variables which affect the effect size. In order to achieve this goal, we have selected ACT and MBSR as intervention programs among many studies published in the national academic journals and performed meta-analysis of studies treating depressive and anxiety symptom as dependent variables. In case of anxiety symptom, it showed a significant difference in ACT (Hedges’g=−0.596), however, it did not show any significant difference in MBSR (Hedges’g=−0.419). In case of depressive symptom, both ACT (Hedges’g=−0.622) and MBSR (Hedges’g=−0.784) showed significant differences.

An Integrative Review of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for Mental Health Problem
Dugja Choi, Sungjae Kim
STRESS. 2017;25(2):75-85.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.2.75
  • 205 View
  • 9 Download
  • 8 Citations
Abstract PDF

The purpose of this study was to provide an integrative review of ACT for mental health problems to identify content of program and discuss methodological strategy of intervention according to target population. According to Whittmore and Knaf’s integrative review method, this research was conducted in five stages: clarification of research problems, literature search, and quality evaluation of data, data analysis, and data description. The key words in English and Korean were used to search through seven electronic databases. 21 studies were finally included in this integrative review. ACT was used as an intervention for anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder and eating disorders and was effective in social avoidance, anxiety sensitivity, depression, dysfunctional belief and negative thinking. It was also used as an intervention for the maladjustment in adolescence to improve self-esteem and reduce behavioral problem. The six core processes of ACT are useful for people with chronic mental illness who have an ineffective avoidance strategy that avoids their symptoms and does not accept the illness. We give a suggestion that researchers develop and apply appropriate ACT for mentally ill person in hospitals.

A Meta-Analysis on the Effect of Music Intervention on the Anxiety of Children and Adolescents
Ik-lyul Bae, Min-woong Kim
STRESS. 2017;25(2):86-92.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.2.86
  • 149 View
  • 3 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF

The present study investigated the effect of music intervention on the anxiety of children and adolescents using meta-analysis, and the specific research purposes were as follows. The targets of the present study were previous studies analyzed the effect of music intervention on anxiety collected the final 28 theses for academic degrees and five scholarly journal articles were used in the analysis. To examine the publication bias of the studies used in the analysis, funnel plot and fail-safe N were verified, and found the publication bias was not significant enough to influence the present study. The homogeneity test showed that the effect size was heterogeneous, and accordingly, a random effect model analysis was carried out and the overall effect size was found to be -1.034. The analysis on the difference in the effect showed that the effect size varied according to subject classification and intervention location for categorical variables and size for continuous variables.

Original Articles
The Moderating Role of Binge Drinking on the Self-Assertiveness-Sexual Victimization Relationship among College Students
Hyeon-gi Hong, Hee-song Kim, Jung-eun Lee, Sue-hyun Jung, Hyung-ki Ji, Ki-pyoung Kim, Chu-yun Pyo, Jong-han Kim, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2017;25(2):93-97.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.2.93
  • 195 View
  • 2 Download
  • 2 Citations
Abstract PDF

본 연구는 대학생의 자기 주장성과 폭음 수준이 성폭력 피해를 예측하는지 알아보았고, 폭음 수준이 자기 주장성과 성폭력 피해 여부 간에 조절 역할을 하는지 탐색해 보았다. 대학생 405명이 연구에 참여하였고 익명성 보장을 위해 모바일 기반 설문 응답을 사용하였다. 설문지에 응답하지 않은 12명의 참여자를 제외한 393명(남: 161명, 여: 232명)의 자료를 분석하였다. 로지스틱 회귀분석을 통하여 자기 주장성, 폭음 수준, 자기 주장성과 폭음의 상호작용을 예측 변인으로, 성폭력 피해여부를 기준 변인으로 설정하여 분석하였다. 분석 결과 자기 주장성과 폭음 수준이 성폭력 피해 확률을 유의하게 예측하는 것으로 나타났다. 즉, 자기 주장성 수준이 낮을수록, 폭음 수준이 높을수록 성폭력 피해 확률이 유의함을 나타냈다. 또한 자기 주장성과 폭음의 상호작용이 성폭력 피해 확률을 유의하게 예측하였다. 상호작용에 대한 단순 주 효과 분석을 실시한 결과 폭음 수준이 낮은 집단의 경우 자기 주장성이 성폭력 피해 확률을 유의하게 예측한 반면, 폭음 수준이 높은 집단의 경우 자기 주장성이 성폭력 피해 확률을 유의하게 예측하지 않는 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 결과를 통하여 대학생의 성폭력 피해 예방을 위한 프로그램 적용 시 자기 주장성 훈련만이 아니라 건전한 음주 교육이 병행되어야 할 것을 제안하였다.

The Mediating Effect of Self-Efficacy on Life Stress and Psychological Well-Being among Baby Boomers
Jung Ran Kim, Eun Joo Pyun
STRESS. 2017;25(2):98-104.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.2.98
  • 149 View
  • 3 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Backgound:

This study is intended to administer stress scale, psychological well-being scale and self-efficacy scale in 279 baby boomers who were born from 1955 to 1963 residing in the P and U areas.

Methods:

Pearson’s simple correlation analysis was performed to identify the relationship between life stress, psychological well-being and self-efficacy, while hierarchical regression was used according to the procedure suggested by Baron & Kenny (1986) to figure out how self-efficacy mediates the effect of life stress on psychological well-being.

Results:

First, life stress in baby boomers has a significantly negative effect on psychological well-being and self-efficacy; second, it was confirmed that self-efficacy has a partial effect in the relationship between life stress including family, economics, health and psychological well-being.

Conclusions:

We discussed the implications and limitations of this study and whether interventions are required to improve the psychological well-being of baby boomers.

Lessons from the Experiences of Volunteers at the Sewol Ferry Disaster
Sang Min Shim, Hyae Young Yoon, Yun Kyeung Choi
STRESS. 2017;25(2):105-119.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.2.105
  • 165 View
  • 1 Download
  • 4 Citations
Abstract PDF
Backgound:

The first step in disaster response is preparation, and education and training of workforce are considered as important elements of preparedness. The purpose of this study was to identify the needs of volunteers by exploring service experiences after a disaster to develop volunteer education programs.

Methods:

Participants were 11 volunteers who had supported the victims’families during about 1 year after the Sewol ferry disaster. Focus group interviews were conducted to investigate the experience of volunteer at the levels of individual, within-team and between-teams, and to discover the need of further training.

Results:

The results showed that the needs for self- and team-care and advanced education were reported.

Conclusions:

These results were discussed in terms of development of competence and mental health needs disaster volunteers. Limitations of this study and directions of future research were suggested.

Effects of Empowerment and Emotional Intelligence in the Relationship between Clinical Practicum Stress and Burnout among Nursing College Students
Chung Mee Ko
STRESS. 2017;25(2):120-127.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.2.120
  • 193 View
  • 4 Download
  • 2 Citations
Abstract PDF
Backgound:

This study was to identify the effects of empowerment and emotional intelligence in the relationship between clinical practicum stress and burnout among nursing college students.

Methods:

A cross-sectional survey was conducted on a sample of 247 students enrolled in a 4-year undergraduate nursing program at one university located in Seoul and two universities at Chungcheongnam-do, with a practicum experience at least one semester. Data were collected by convenience sampling using self-reported questionnaires that consisted of general characteristics, clinical practicum stress, empowerment, emotional intelligence, and burnout. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, correlation, and hierarchical multiple regression.

Results:

Major findings were as follows. First, clinical practicum stress had a significant positive effect on burnout. Second, empowerment and emotional intelligence had significant negative effects on burnout. Third, emotional intelligence had a moderating effect between clinical practicum stress and burnout, but empowerment did not.

Conclusions:

Results of the study suggest that a need to reduce the degree of burnout by enhancing empowerment and emotional intelligence of nursing college students. Further development and application of programs which can improve nursing college students’ empowerment and emotional intelligence are needed.

Exploring Psychological Factors Related to Fatigue in Hyperconnective Society
Minhee Jang, Daehyun Kim, Jangju Lee, Taeyun Jung
STRESS. 2017;25(2):128-137.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.2.128
  • 168 View
  • 3 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Backgound:

The purpose of research is to identify the factors that influence Social Network Service (SNS) fatigue and usage satisfaction within hyperconnective society.

Methods:

In study 1, a survey was carried out to 365 participants over the age of 20 to access their level of SNS fatigue. In study 2, 69 participants over the age of 20 are asked to complete an online diary for 7 days. Measuring criteria consisted of personality, loneliness, self-concept, social comparison, conversation topics, satisfaction from SNS conversation, positive and negative emotions.

Results:

In study 1, women compared to men and participants in their 30s rather than in their 20s indicated significantly higher level of SNS fatigue. Also, personality characteristics such as high neuroticism, low agreeableness, deprivation in self-concept, and frequent comparison with others indicated higher level SNS fatigue. In study 2, Communication topics such as casual inquiries, idle talk, information sharing increased the degree satisfaction; however, counseling and work related issue did not show any significant correlations. Also, a group recorded highest positive emotion on the online diary reported to have higher number of intimate off-line interpersonal relationships and significantly higher satisfaction with them.

Conclusions:

This suggests that the degree of SNS fatigue and other psychological status are influenced not by its degree of usage but by individual’s personal characteristics, communication topics, and off-line interpersonal interaction.

Relationship between Adolescents Health Behavior, Stress and Birth Order: The Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey 2014
Kyungjin Kim, Byungsung Kim, Changwon Won, Hyunrim Choi, Sunyoung Kim, Woochul Park, Eunjoong Kwon
STRESS. 2017;25(2):138-144.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.2.138
  • 159 View
  • 1 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Backgound:

A number of studies have documented relationship between various individual outcomes and birth order. This study sought to investigate the relationship between adolescents health behavior, stress and birth order.

Methods:

The data used in this study were obtained middle and high school students who replied to the 10th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (KYRBWS) administered in 2014. We investigated the associations between health behavior, stress and birth order using multivariable logistic regression analysis controlling with age, height, weight, father’s education, mother’s education, economic status, academic status, sleep duration, sitting time, self-perceived health status, self-perceived happiness, depression mood, suicide idea, suicide plan, suicide attempt, drinking experience, smoking experience.

Results:

The distribution of first-born was 45.5% and later-born was 54.5%. In multivariable logistic regression the later-born replied higher portion of vigorous physical activity 3 days per week and strength exercise 5 days per week. And later-born replied lower economic status, lower academic performance and higher prevalence of drinking experience, smoking experience. Later-born they had more stress than first-born, but after adjusted for variable factors in multivariable logistic regression, birth order had no relationship with stress significantly.

Conclusions:

This study offers data for the development of intervention programs to adolescent related to birth order, and further study is necessary in order to clarify adolescent’s relationship between birth order and stress and individual outcomes.

Brief Report
An Examination of the Possibility of Loving-Kindness and Compassion Meditation for Pregnant Women: A Preliminary Study
Min Jeong Kim, Jeong Mun Heo, Wan Suk Gim
STRESS. 2017;25(2):145-154.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.2.145
  • 176 View
  • 2 Download
  • 3 Citations
Abstract PDF

Loving-kindness and compassion meditation (LKCM) is known to be effective in improving mental health and interpersonal relationships. An exploratory pilot study was conducted with the aim of examining the feasibility of LKCM which known to be effective in improving mental health and interpersonal relationships for pregnant women. Measures of stress, depression, maternal fetal attachment, mindfulness and self-compassion of subjects (n=8) were obtained at baseline, and after a 4-weeks LKCM program to identify effectiveness and supplements. Based on a focus group interview, phenomenological analysis was also conducted. The results showed that improvement potential of psychological comfort, positive relationship with fetus as well as complementary points for session contents and home training. We hope that this study will broaden understanding for the development of LKCM for pregnant women and promote further research.


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