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Volume 25(1); March 2017
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Review Article
Current Therapeutic Approaches in Spinal Cord Injury: Pharmacological, Rehabilitation, Cell-based, and Psychological Intervention
Wootaek Lim, Bongsam Choi
STRESS. 2017;25(1):1-7.   Published online March 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.1.1
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  • 2 Citations
Abstract PDF

이 연구는 현재 척수 손상시 널리 적용되는 치료적 중재에 대한 고찰 및 제한점에 대해 알아보고자 하였다. 척수 손상은 신경학적 손상과 그에 따른 심각한 근육 위축을 초래한다. 손상 초기에는 산화적 스트레스, 지질 과산화 등과 같은 이차적 손상으로 인한 추가 신경 손상을 막기 위해 약물요법이 널리 사용되고 있다. 또한 삶의 질과 관련성이 높은 보행 능력에 대한 임상 전, 임상 연구는 보행 능력의 회복에 그 촛점을 맞추고 있으며, 이에 대한 예로서, 트레드밀 훈련, 자전거 훈련, 로봇 훈련 등이 시행되고 있다. 최근에는 세포나 조직을 이식하는 이식치료가 많은 관심 속에 연구되고 있으나 안전성을 확보하기 위한 추가적인 연구가 필요하다. 척수손상은 단순히 신체손상뿐아니라 정신건강에도 부정적 영향을 주는 다면적인 손상을 초래할 수 있기때문에 단독치료 접근방법 보다는 심리인지적 치료를 포함한 다양한 치료가 결합된 형태를 고려해야 한다.

Original Articles
Effect of Belly Button Meditation (BBM) on Stress Response, Physical Symptoms, Work Flow of the Workers
Seungho Lee, Jaehan Shin, Jihun Han, Sangchul Jang, Hyesook Shin
STRESS. 2017;25(1):8-16.   Published online March 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.1.8
  • 139 View
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  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF

The purpose of this study is to identify the effect of the Belly Button Meditation (BBM) technique on stress response, physical symptoms, and work flow of workers in South Korea. Study participants were randomly assigned into 3 groups: an experimental group, a comparative group, and a control group, with each group comprising 25 individuals. The experimental group received training on the BBM program by watching and practising a 10-minute BBM exercise video, while the comparative group performed a national gymnastics routine according to 10-minute video. Both groups received this training 3 times a day for 4 weeks. Stress response, physical symptoms, and work flow were assessed at pre and post of the study. The pretest for demographic variables, stress response, physical symptoms, and work flow were found to be statistically homogeneous. The experimental group showed a statistically significant decrease in stress response and physical symptoms compared with the comparative and control groups at the posttest of the study. The experimental group also showed a statistically significant increase in work flow. The results of this study suggest that the BBM program may be effective in relieving the stressors and physical symptoms and improving the degree of work flow. Long-term training on the BBM program has positive psychological and physical benefits, as shown by previous studies. However, this study is significantly meaningful for decreasing stress and physical symptoms, and improving the work flow of workers through the introduction and practice of a 10-minute meditation exercise into the daily routine of busy workers.

The Effect of Long Working Hours on Binge Eating Behavior: The Mediating Effects of Negative Emotions
Dasol Kim, Jimin Kim, Jiyeon Shin, Seung-cheol Kim, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2017;25(1):17-22.   Published online March 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.1.17
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  • 2 Citations
Abstract PDF

The current study investigates the mediating effect of negative emotions (depression, anxiety, and anger) in the relationship between long working hours and binge eating behavior in order to examine the effect of long working hours on individual health. Two hundred four workers completed questionnaire about working hours, depression, anger, anxiety, and binge eating behavior. Results confirmed the most employees work more than 10 hours at least once a month. Additionally, it was found that depression, anger, and anxiety all partially mediate the relationship between long working hours and binge eating behavior. The results indicate that long working hours influences negative emotions that leads to binge eating behavior.

The Effect of the Growth-Writing Program on Anxiety, Powerlessness, Hope, and Guilt in Mother of Children with Cancer
Eunsun Jeong, Jeongsun Heo, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2017;25(1):23-29.   Published online March 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.1.23
  • 127 View
  • 1 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF

This study compared the effectiveness of group growth-writing program on anxiety, powerlessness, hope and guilt of mother with pediatric cancer patient with those of waiting-list control group. Participants were assigned to two groups: a growth-writing group (N=14), a waiting-list control group (N=14). At baseline, post-treatment and follow-up, all participants completed questionnaires. The growth-writing program was delivered in three sessions. As a result, growth-writing group showed significant decrease in anxiety, guilt and significant increase in hope compared to the waiting-list control group without any activities. However, powerlessness did not have significant change. This study examined that growth-writing could be an effective intervention for mothers with the pediatric cancer patients. Limitations and suggestions for further studies were included.

Effect of Calling, Meaning of Work, Job Stress, and Stress Coping on Organizational Commitment among Career Soldiers
Hye Won Kim, Jae Eun Yoo, Chung Hee Woo
STRESS. 2017;25(1):30-36.   Published online March 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.1.30
  • 155 View
  • 9 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF

The purpose of the study was to identify the effect of calling, meaning of work, job stress, and stress coping on organizational commitment among career soldiers. Data were collected from 160 career soldiers using a structured self-reported questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression. The results showed the mean scores were organizational commitment 3.72±0.80, calling 3.00±0.66, meaning of work 3.05±0.36, job stress 2.28±0.35, active stress coping 3.67±0.36, and passive stress coping 3.16±0.41 each. Organizational commitment had positive correlation with calling (r=.19, p=.019), meaning of work(r=.45, p<.001), and active stress coping (r=.44, p<.001); but negative correlation with job stress (r=−.53, p<.001). The affecting factors were job stress (β=−.36), active stress coping (β=.18), meaning of work (β=.17), monthly income (β=−.16) in order. The explained variances for organizational commitment was 37.0% among career soldiers. Therefore, in order to improve the organizational commitment of career soldiers, it is necessary to promote active coping skills to reduce job stress and to develop educational strategies to give meaning of work as a career soldier from the period of junior leaders.

Effect of Body Figure Discrepancy, Body Esteem, Interpersonal Stress, and Sociocultural Attitude toward Appearance on Social Pressure Related to Appearance Perceived by High School Students
Eun Mi Lee, Yu Jeong Kim
STRESS. 2017;25(1):37-43.   Published online March 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.1.37
  • 166 View
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  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of body figure discrepancy, body esteem, interpersonal stress, and sociocultural attitude toward appearance on social pressure related to appearance perceived by high school students. A total of 219 students were recruited from a high school in C city. Data were collected by means of self-reported questionnaires from July 13 to 29, 2016. Students with severe body figure discrepancy had higher interpersonal stress (t=2.37, p=.019), peer pressure (t=2.35, p=.019), and parents pressure (t=3.00, p=.003) than students who did not. The social pressure related to appearance were more sensitive as body figure discrepancy, female students, sociocultural attitude toward appearance, and interpersonal stress were higher, and these factors accounted for 30.3% in social pressure related to appearance. The social pressure by peers and parents changes according to the recognition of high school students’ body figure discrepancy and sociocultural attitude toward appearance. Therefore, it is necessary to develop an intervention program and promote a sociocultural environment so that students can establish a healthy body image.

The Relation between Self-Encouragement, Perceived Stress and Psychological Well-Being: The Moderated Mediating Effect of Support-Seeking Emotion Regulation Style
Jee-Ae Huh, Jung Mun Kim
STRESS. 2017;25(1):44-51.   Published online March 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.1.44
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Abstract PDF

The study examined how self-encouragement, support-seeking emotion regulation style and perceived stress impact on psychological well-being in early adulthood. Specifically, self-encouragement through perceived stress affects psychological well-being. At the same time, support-seeking emotion regulation style sets the moderated mediating effect to moderate the impact of perceived stress on psychological well-being and it is verified. The subject of this study were conducted targeting 404 people of early adulthood (age 18∼40) in the metropolitan area. First, it shown to self-encouragement reduces perceived stress. Second, the perceived stress has been found to affect the psychological well-being. Third, self-encouragement influences psychological well-being. Finally, support-seeking emotion regulation style was never an insignificant effect, but perceived stress moderated impact on psychological well-being. This study demonstrated the mediating role of perceived stress in the relationship of self-encouragement and psychological well-being. In addition, the significance is being said that perceived stress and psychological well-being can be adjusted depending on the level of support-seeking emotion regulation style. The results of this study would be expected to provide useful data in counseling interventions in counseling scene for the psychological well-being of the early adults.

Mediating Effect of Decentering on the Relationship between Self Discouragement and Psychological Wellbeing of University Students
Jisun Park, Jinhee Park
STRESS. 2017;25(1):52-56.   Published online March 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.1.52
  • 145 View
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  • 3 Citations
Abstract PDF

This study has been carried out in order to investigate the mediating effect of decentering on the relationship of self discouragement and psychological well-being of undergraduate students. The data of self discouragement, decentering and psychological well-being were obtained. Finally, the total data of 243 undergraduate students were analyzed. The results of this study were as follows. Finally, the total data of 243 undergraduate students were analyzed. Second, decentering partially mediated the relation between self discouragement and psychological well-being. In other words, self discouragement impeded decentering and influenced on psychological well-being negatively. The implications and limitations of this study were discussed.

Video-counseling: Needs Assessment and Perception of Service Utilization
Sungjin Im, Jungeun Lee, Shin Han
STRESS. 2017;25(1):57-62.   Published online March 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.1.57
  • 159 View
  • 3 Download
  • 3 Citations
Abstract PDF

Recent national survey data suggest that lifetime prevalence of mental disorders are on the rise in South Korea while utilization of mental health services remains low. These results are disconcerting, and it is critical to find ways to increase access to mental health services and service utilization. One emerging solution is to provide psychological intervention via the Internet, and wide use of computer and mobile devices makes video-counseling a low-cost alternative to traditional face-to-face psychotherapy. In the current study, a total of 190 adults completed a questionnaire assessing the history of mental illness, experience with psychotherapy, and attitudes towards video-counseling, mainly focusing on treatment needs, future service utilization, effectiveness, and cost. Results suggest that participants endorsed the pros more strongly than the cons of video-counseling. Specifically, participants reported accessibility, privacy, and convenience as major strengths, and provider credentials and reduced confidentiality as major weaknesses. Limitations of the current study and recommendations for implementing online counseling service are further discussed.


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