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Volume 24(2); June 2016
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Original Articles
The Moderating Effects of the Way of Coping in between Perceived Stress and Smartphone Use in Adolescent
Dong Hee Kim
Korean J Str Res. 2016;24(2):57-64.   Published online June 30, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2016.24.2.57
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  • 3 Citations
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The objective of this study was to identify the moderating effects of the way adolescents cope when under perceived stress and smartphone usage. Data were collected from 102 middle school students using a self-reported questionnaire, which included a general stress scale, the way of coping checklist, and smartphone usage time per day. A Descriptive, Pearson correlation and hierarchial regression analyses were performed and found that 80% of the student participants used samrtphone. The average smartphone usage per day was 2.8 hours. Smartphone usage time correlated with perceived stress (r=0.344, p=<.01), emotion focused coping (r=0.438, p=<.01), and wishful thinking coping (r=0.285, p=<.01). The emotion focused coping had a moderating effect (<i>β</i>=1.105, p=<.05) between perceived stress and smartphone usage in adolescents. In conclusion, intervention included a proper and active way of coping with stressful situations that could be used to help control smartphone usage in adolescents. (Korean J Stress Res 2016;24:57∼64)
The Moderating Effect of Self-Compassion in the Relationship between Self-Focused Attention and Social Anxiety
Eun Soo Shim, Bong-Keon Lee
Korean J Str Res. 2016;24(2):65-74.   Published online June 30, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2016.24.2.65
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  • 1 Citations
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The purpose of the study was to test moderating role of self compassion in the relationship between self-focused attention and social anxiety. Scale for Dispositional Self-focused Attention in Social situation, Self-Compassion Scale, and Social Avoidance and Distress Scale were administered to a sample of 425 undergraduate students. The result was as follows: First, Correlation analysis was conducted to examine the relation among self-focused attention, self-compassion, social anxiety. Self-focused attention was positive significantly correlated social anxiety. In contrast, self-compassion was negative significantly correlated social anxiety. Second, self-compassion interacted with self-focused attention such that it played a more prominent role in protecting against social anxiety symptoms during lower self-focused attention than during higher self-focused attention. This result suggested the importance of self-focused attention and self-compassion in psychological approach to university students who have difficulty in social anxiety. (Korean J Stress Res 2016;24:65∼74)
The Effects of Essential Oil Inhalation on the Stress and Sympathetic Nerve Activity
Ik Lyul Bae, Myung Haeng Hur
Korean J Str Res. 2016;24(2):75-83.   Published online June 30, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2016.24.2.75
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  • 5 Citations
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This study utilized a nonequivalent control group pretest posttest design in order to compare the effects of essential oil (EO) on Stress and sympathetic nerve activity after an exposure to stressors. The adults without any diagnosed disease are volunteered and enrolled through a recruitment advertisement to December of 2013 as the subjects of this study. The data were collected by convenient sampling of experimental group of 17 and control group of 15 were finally selected to meet the requirements to be this research subjects. The collection of the data for this research was approved by Institutional Review Board (IRB) beforehand. Stressor was university final exams. Stress Index was significantly lower in the EO inhalation group than control group. However, it did not show significant differences in sympathetic nerve activity. The inhalation of aromatherapy essential oil was effective on reducing of the stress. (Korean J Stress Res 2016;24:75∼83)
The Relationship between Military Life Stress and Military Life Adaptation of Privates: The Mediating Effect of Military Official and Comrade Support
Hyun Jun Won, Myoung-Ho Hyun
Korean J Str Res. 2016;24(2):85-94.   Published online June 30, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2016.24.2.85
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This study was aimed to examine the mediating effect of military official support and comrade support on the relationship between military life stress and military life adaptation. A sample of 300 privates was surveyed. Questionnaires including Military Life Stress, Military Life Adaptation, and Social Support (military official support and comrade support). Correlation analysis and hierarchical regression analysis were used for data analysis. The results showed that military life stress was negatively related to military official support, comrade support and military life adaptation. Military official and comrade support was positively associated with military life adaptation. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that military official support partially mediated the relationship between military life stress and adaptation. Also, comrade support partially mediated the relationship between military life stress and adaptation. These results suggest that support can be effective variable in improving military life stress among privates with military life stress. Finally, the limitations of this study were discussed along with suggestions for further research. (Korean J Stress Res 2016;24:85∼94)
The Association between Occupational Stress and Health Behaviors in a Hospital Employee
Dong Jun Kim, Eon Sook Lee, Yun-Jun Yang, Yeong Sook Yoon, Jun-Hyung Lee, Dai Jung Yeo, Jung Il Kim, Seong Eun Kim, Eun Gyoung Song, Ji Yeon Lee
Korean J Str Res. 2016;24(2):95-102.   Published online June 30, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2016.24.2.95
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  • 4 Citations
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Purpose of this study is to evaluate association of job characteristics or occupational stress with health behavior in hospital employees. Total 687 employees were recruited from a university hospital in Korea and completed a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire includes demographic factors (age, marriage) and job characteristics such as job type, job position, shift work, type of employment. Perceived stress and occupational stress assessed by Korean Occupational Stress Scale were also measured. Outcome variables was bad health behavior such as current smoking, problem drinking, no exercise and insufficient sleep. Multivariate analyses were conducted separately in male and female because of different health behaviors by sex. In male, there was association between insufficient sleep and occupational stress, total score and subscales like job demand, organizational system, and occupational climate. In female, it was observed an association between insufficient sleep and job demand. Irregular exercise was associated with insufficient job control, job insecurity in female. Problem drinking was associated with shift worker. Insufficient sleep was related with stress perception. In conclusion, there are an association between occupational stress and health behavior in hospital employees. (Korean J Stress Res 2016;24:95∼102)

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