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Volume 24(1); March 2016
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Original Articles
The Effects of Perceived Threat, Optimism and Meaning in Life on Cancer Patient's Posttraumatic Growth
Bo Ram Jeon, Yun Kyeung Choi
Korean J Str Res. 2016;24(1):1-11.   Published online March 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2016.24.1.1
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The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of perceived threats, optimism, and meaning in life on cancer patient's posttraumatic growth. This study also aimed to examine the relationship between each variable, and to search for posttraumatic growth's process. The participants were 169 cancer patients and they each completed a measure of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, the Life Orientation Test-Revised, the Meaning in Life Questionnaire, and death anxiety and the stage of cancer as perceived threat. The data were analyzed by correlation analysis, hierarchical regression analysis and structural equation modeling. The results of this study can be summarized as follows. First, the current death anxiety was negatively associated with posttraumatic growth. The stage of cancer was positively associated with posttraumatic growth. Death anxiety at the time of cancer diagnosis, however, was not significantly associated with posttraumatic growth. Second, both optimism and meaning in life were significantly associated with posttraumatic growth. The meaning in life also mediated the relation between optimism and posttraumatic growth. These results suggest that psychological intervention is as important as physical intervention for cancer patients. Finally, the limitations of this study were discussed along with suggestions for further research. <b>(Korean J Str Res 2016;24:1&sim;11)</b>
Correlates of Problematic Mobile Phone Use among Korean College Students
Sunhee Cho, Gyeong-Suk Jeon
Korean J Str Res. 2016;24(1):13-22.   Published online March 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2016.24.1.13
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<p>The purpose of this study was to explore correlates of problematic mobile phone use among Korean college students. A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted. A sample size of 122 male and 106 female students residing in Jeollaman-do province completed the instruments of problematic mobile phone use, depressive symptoms, anxiety, interpersonal relationship, and alcohol drinking. Data was analyzed by multiple logistic regressions. Approximately 17% of college students reported problematic mobile phone use, and female (25%) were more likely to report problematic mobile phone use compared with male (9%). Depressive symptoms, interpersonal relationship, alcohol use, and female were significantly associated with problematic mobile phone use after controlling for other covariates. We call for special effort on early detection and monitoring of problematic mobile phone use among college students. In addition, specific strategies focused on psychological approach for problematic mobile phone use should be developed. <b>(Korean J Str Res 2016;24:13∼22)</b></p>
Development and Validity Analysis of Korean Focusing Manner Scale-Revised (KFMS-R)
Eunsun Joo, SeolAe Shin, ByungSun Kim, JooYoung Kim
Korean J Str Res. 2016;24(1):23-33.   Published online March 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2016.24.1.23
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A Research on the Development and Validation of Korean Focusing Manner Scale-Revised (KFMS-R) Version The Korean Focusing Manner Scale (KFMS) has shown to have difficulties when applying to certain segments of the population, especially the elderly and youth groups. To develop the KFMS-R, a survey were undertaken targeting 474 male and female highschool students in the Seoul area, using stress response measures and self-control measures. The KFMS-R is comprised of 5 factors: 1) Aware, 2) reflect, 3) express, 4) accept, 5) keep one's composure. The KFMS-R’s factor composition was checked using correlation analysis between the stress response measures and self-control measures, and showed satisfactory internal trustworthiness. Thus, it is expected that the KFMS-R can be implemented easily and practically for clinical on-site session for youth and elderly groups. In addition, by enabling findings of flows between the sub-factors in implementing Focusing experiential psychological counseling, a more expeditious and effective treatment can be possible. <b>(Korean J Str Res 2016;24:23∼33)</b>
Development and Evaluation of Cognitive Behavioral Group Treatment to Reduce Psychological Stress of Emotion Labor Workers: A Preliminary Study
Jungeun Lee, Jaeeun Shin, Myeongsook Kim, Moonhan Jo, Injae Lee
Korean J Str Res. 2016;24(1):35-45.   Published online March 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2016.24.1.35
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The current study aims to develop and evaluate cognitive behavioral group treatment to reduce psychological stress of emotion labor workers, considering lack of interventions for emotion labor workers in South Korea. The participants were social workers (N=26) and intra-company telemarketers (N=22) who are considered as representative emotion labor workers. A two day treatment based on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy targeting depression, anxiety, anger, and stress level was developed. Assessments were done pre-to-post treatment. As a result, perceived stress, anger, and anxiety decreased significantly and participants reported high satisfaction with the program. Limitations and suggestions for further study were included. <b>(Korean J Str Res 2016;24:35&sim; 45)</b>
Stress Coping Styles and Nurse-parents Partnership
Miok Yu
Korean J Str Res. 2016;24(1):47-56.   Published online March 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2016.24.1.47
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The purpose of this study was to examine affecting stress coping styles on nurse-parent partnership in pediatric nurses. Data were obtained through questionnaires from 167 pediatric ward nurses in 10 hospital located in the Gyeonggi, Chungcheong and Gyeongsang province. The collected data were analyzed by the statistical package SPSS WIN 18.0. As a results, nurse-parent partnership had a significant positive correlation with problem focusing coping style (r=.39, p<.001), social support navigation coping style (r=18, p=.018), positive point of view coping style (r=.36, p<.001), relief of tension coping style (r=.23, p=.002). The significant major predictors of nurse-parent partnership were problem focusing coping style (<i>β</i>=.335, p<.001) and total work experience-less than 1 year (<i>β</i>=.233, p=.004), department satisfaction [dissatisfaction (<i>β</i>=?.164, p=.020), satisfaction (<i>β</i>=.151, p=.032), very satisfaction (<i>β</i>=.148, p=.020)]. Problem focused coping style, total work experience, department satisfaction, accounted for 36.4% of variance in nurse-parent partnership. Therefore to enhance nurse-parent partnership a follow up study on the development of a program for advanced problem focused coping style, enhanced to satisfaction of department in pediatric nurses is needed.<b> (Korean J Str Res 2016;24:47∼56)</b>

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