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Volume 23(4); December 2015
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Review Article
Analysis of Domestic Research Trends about Stress of Hospitalized Patients’ Family
Seung Yeon Yoo
Korean J Str Res. 2015;23(4):159-177.   Published online December 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2015.23.4.159
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The purpose of this study was to analyze the research trends about stress of hospitalized patient’s family in Korea and suggest the direction of future studies. 102 researches from 1980 to 2014 were analyzed with regard to the years, subjects, main concepts and designs et al. Among the 102 studies, 70 were for thesis studies for a degree, 32 for academic journal. There were 97 quantitative studies, 5 qualitative studies. The most frequently used study design was a descriptive research. The majority of study participants were infant/child inpatients’ family, elder or ICU patients’ family. In correlation studies, stress had positive correlation with coping, burden, anxiety and had negative correlation with social support, coping. Various study tools were used to measure the stress of hospitalized patients’ family. In experimental study, main independent variables were nursing information and education. A few qualitative studies were done, and were used phenomenology, grounded theory. Few studies have been conducted by other research methods. Future studies will be pursued qualitative diversity, through more qualitative researches or other research methods to identify the unique stresses experience of inpatients’ family, and develop a various interventions. (Korean J Str Res 2015;23:159∼177)
Original Articles
Plasma Homocysteine Concentraton according to the Depression and Degree of Stress
Chang-Wook Lim, Ji Hyun Moon, Hyeon Ju Kim, Mihee Kong
Korean J Str Res. 2015;23(4):179-185.   Published online December 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2015.23.4.179
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In this study, we investigated plasma homocysteine concentration according to the depression and degree of stress. The study subjects were 1,395 adults aged over 20 years who visited a health promotion center. Medical history was recorded through a self-reported questionnaire and physical examination was performed on all subjects. We measured plasma homocysteine by blood sampling after fasting over 8 hours. To determine depression, we used CES-D in the subjects below the age of 65 and GDS over the age of 65. The stress group is divided into three subgruoups by using BEPSI. We adjusted for all variables that affect the homocysteine. The homocysteine concentration was not associated with depression regardless age and sex. There was significant differentiation of plasma homocysteine concentration according the degree of stress in men, but no differentiation in Women. This study showed no relationship between depression and plasma homocysteine concentration. We found that men in high stress group had a tendency for higher plasma homocysteine concentration. (Korean J Str Res 2015;23:179∼185)
Effects of Adolescent Stress on Somatic Symptoms: The Moderating Effects of Social Support
Jungmin Kim, Young Hee Jang
Korean J Str Res. 2015;23(4):187-196.   Published online December 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2015.23.4.187
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This study examined the effects of adolescent stress on somatic symptoms. In order to scrutinize the moderating effects of social support, this study also examined the effects by different sources of social support on somatization. The subjects of this study were 425 students in total, consisting of first and second year high school students in Seoul and Gyeonggido, and they were asked to fill out a self-administrated questionnaire. A correlation analysis of stress, social support and somatic symptoms of adolescent showed a significantly positive correlation between stress and somatic symptoms. Also we found that high levels of stress on family, life environment and self are related to lower social support. And social support showed a negative correlation with somatic symtoms. Finally the investigation of social supports' moderating effect on stress and somatization proved that there were significant moderating effects of mother’s and father’s support in the areas of family and everyday life related stress. In addition to that, father’s support had a alleviating effects on self area stress. In conclusion, the results showed that parental support had alleviating effects, even though the stress level was high. (Korean J Str Res 2015;23:187∼196)
Emotional Labor and Job Stress Related to Work in Hospital Employees
Dai Jung Yeo, Jun Hyung Lee, Yun Jun Yang, Yeong Sook Yoon, Eon Suk Lee, Jung Il Kim, Seong Eun Kim, Dong Jun Kim
Korean J Str Res. 2015;23(4):197-204.   Published online December 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2015.23.4.197
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of emotional labor and job stress and analyze job stress according to work place in hospital employees. Participants were 201 hospital employees and data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression with SPSS 21.0. A positive correlation was found between job stress and emotional labor. The strongest predictor of job stress was frequency of emotional display and attentiveness to required display rules. And the average job stress was highest in operating room/intensive care units, followed by general wards, health promotion center, outpatient department. There was a significant difference between health promotion center employees and outpatient department employees in lack of skill, interpersonal environmental strain and the average job stress. The job stress of health promotion center employees was higher than that of outpatient department employees. And it was lower than the intensive care unit/operating room employees. Health promotion center employees have a higher job stress than outpatient department employees due to lack of skill and interpersonal environmental strain. Health promotion center employees have a lower job stress than operating room/intensive care units employees due to role overload, role conflict, night work. Job stress factors of the health promotion center employees differ from those of other hospital department. And different approach is necessary to relieve job stress in health promotion center employees. (Korean J Str Res 2015;23:197∼204)
The Effects of Stress Management Program on Perceived Stress, Stress Coping, and Self Esteem in Schizophrenia
Seunghee Yang, Kyoung Sun Jeon
Korean J Str Res. 2015;23(4):205-214.   Published online December 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2015.23.4.205
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The purpose of this study was to examined the effects of a stress management program on perceived stress, stress coping and self esteem in patients with schizophrenia in hospitalization. The study adopted a quasi-experimental study with a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. They were divided into the control group (26) and experimental group (25). The program was conducted twice a week for 8 times. Data were analyzed using t-test with SPSS 12.0 program. The experimental group showed more significant improvement in stress coping, but perceived stress and self esteem was not different between the groups. The finding of this study support the positive effects of the stress management program in patients with schizophrenia. (Korean J Str Res 2015;23:205∼214)
Relationships between Gratitude Disposition, Subjective Well-being, and Feeling of Happiness among Female Workers: Focused on Mediating Effects of Job Attitude
Sunny Son, Jeong-Yang Park, Kyung-Hyun Suh
Korean J Str Res. 2015;23(4):215-223.   Published online December 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2015.23.4.215
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The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationships between gratitude disposition, positive job attitude, subjective well-being, and feeling of happiness of female workers, and examined mediating effects of job attitude between gratitude disposition and subjective well-being. The participants were 359 female workers, whose average of age was 29.12 (<i>SD</i>=6.49). The psychological tests used in this research included the following: Gratitude Questionnaire-6 (GQ-6), Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ), Emotion Frequency Test, Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), and Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS). The results indicated that gratitude disposition was positively correlated with positive job attitude, such as job satisfaction and organizational commitment of female workers. And, gratitude disposition and positive job attitude were positively correlated with subjective well-being or feeling of happiness. Hierarchical regression analysis revealed that job attitude partially mediated gratitude disposition and subjective well-being or feeling of happiness. Stepwise regression analysis showed that organizational commitment accounted most variance of subjective well-being, while gratitude disposition accounted most variance of feeling of happiness of female workers. The positive effects of gratitude disposition and job attitude were discussed with previous studies, and clinical meaning of this study were recommended.  (Korean J Str Res 2015;23:215∼223)
The Mediating Effects of Self Blame Moderated by Ruminative Response Style on the Relationship between Self-focused Attention and Depression: Focused on Gender Differences
Sung-Min Ham, Myoung-Ho Hyun
Korean J Str Res. 2015;23(4):225-235.   Published online December 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2015.23.4.225
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This study examines (a) the extent to which self-blame mediates the effect of self-focused attention on depression and (b) the manner in which ruminative response style moderates the relationship between self-blame and depression. Three hundred and fifteen respondents aged between 19 and 43 (male=115, female=200) completed a survey measuring levels of depression, ruminative response style, self-blame, and self-focused attention. Results indicated a significant gender difference at levels of self-blame and depression. Subsequent analyses were conducted separately per each sub-sample accordingly. For male, self-blame had a full mediation effect for the relationship between self-focused attention and depression, while its effect remained relatively limited for female. Among male, ruminative response style moderated the impact of self-blame on depression. Its moderational effect, however, remained unapparent among female. Current results suggest potential gender differences in many important aspects of depression such as its duration and intensity, with making unique contribution to the depression literature. (Korean J Str Res 2015;23:225∼235)

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