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Volume 22(4); December 2014
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Review Article
Communication Apprehension and Performance of Using Communication Skills according to Nursing Students' Enneagram Personality Types
Jeoung Weon Park, Na Sun Ha
Korean J Str Res. 2014;22(4):169-180.   Published online December 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2014.22.4.169
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  • 3 Citations
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The purpose of study was to identify Communication apprehension & performance of using communication skills according to nursing students' Enneagram personality types. With a descriptive survey design, a self report study was conducted 291 nursing students. The research tools of this study were Korean enneagram personality types, personal report communication apprehension, performance of using communication skills. The data analyzed by t-test, one way ANOVA and Pearson's correlation coefficient with SPSS/win program. 1) In the Enneagram personality types, type 9 were highly measured. 2) Performance of using communication skills were meaningful differences with grade, clinical practice experiences. 3) Communication apprehension and performance of using communication skills were meaningful differences with Enneagram personality types. 4) Communication apprehension was negatively correlated with performance of using communication skills. The results of study suggest that there is need of communication skills education program considering communication apprehension and nursing students' Enneagram personality types. (Korean J Str Res 2014;22:169∼180)
Original Articles
The Effects of Short-Form Mindfulness Meditation Program for Shipyard Workers on the Job Stress and Psychological Well-being
Young Mi Cheong, Woo Kyeong Lee
Korean J Str Res. 2014;22(4):181-190.   Published online December 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2014.22.4.181
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  • 1 Citations
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In this study, we evaluated the effects of a mindfulness meditation program on the job stress and psychological well-being of shipyard workers. Data were analysed using SPSS Win 20.0 program. Two groups of volunteers were ultimately formed: 16 individuals (8 male, 8 female) were selected to receive short-form mindfulness medication program, while another 19 individuals (10 male, 9 female) were selected as a wait-list group. The mean age of the program participants was 36.25 (SD: 11.35) and the wait-list group participants’mean age was 31.26 (SD: 4.99). Sixteen people participated in five week group meditation, twice a week for 30 minutes in their lunch time. After the end of the last session, post-test was conducted. The results of this study are as follows; First, physical symptoms and depression related to job stress showed a significant decrease after intervention. Second, the short-from mindfulness meditation program showed significant effects on the psychological well-being of the participants, especially subscales such as self-acceptance, purpose in life, and autonomy. These results show that mindfulness program can be effective in reducing job stress of shipyard workers under high tension and work load. (Korean J Str Res 2014;22:181∼190)
Effects of Body Mass Index, Family Function and Self Efficacy on Depression of Adolescents
Hea Shoon Lee
Korean J Str Res. 2014;22(4):191-200.   Published online December 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2014.22.4.191
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This study was to investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI), family function and self efficacy among adolescents who were depression group and non-depression group. The data were collected using questionnaire from the sample of 644 middle and high school students. The data were collected from March 11 to 22, 2013. Data were analyzed using frequencies, means, χ2-test, t-test and logistic regression analysis (SPSS 20.0). Firstly, Depression group was 57.5%. Significant differences were found for middle?high grade, sex, health status, parental relationship satisfaction, mother education between depression group and non-depression group. Secondly, Significant differences were found for BMI between depression group and non-depression group. family function and self efficacy level of depression group were lower than non-depression group. Thirdly, the logistic regression analysis revealed that BMI, family function (affective responsiveness), self efficacy (achievement self efficacy), middle, high grade, sex, parental relationship satisfaction significantly associated with depression. The result of this study offer basic data for the development of intervention programs to prevent adolescents depression. (Korean J Str Res 2014;22:191∼200)
The Relationships between Media Use, Temperament and Parenting Stress in Preschool Children
Dong Hee Kim
Korean J Str Res. 2014;22(4):201-209.   Published online December 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2014.22.4.201
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  • 2 Citations
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The objective of this study was to identify the relationships between a child’s media use, a child’s temperament, and parenting stress. Data were collected from 196 mothers of preschool children with self-reported questionnaires; a temperament rating scale, parenting stress index (PSI). Analysis was performed by Descriptive, T-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation analyses were performed. TV was the most frequently used media and most participants used more than 2 types of media. The total hours of media use were 3.36 hours. Video viewing, learning, and games were the most common purposes of media usage. The mother’s education level correlated with the hours of use; when the level was high school or below, the child was exposed to media for longer. There was a significant relationship between the total hours of media use and a child’s temperament (r=?0.246, p=<.01). There was also a relationship between hours of media use and parenting stress (r=0.815, p=<.05). In conclusion, a program is needed to educate parents and children about proper media usage. It is especially important to provide interventions to promote parenting skills, including alternative interactions when mothers experience parenting stress. (Korean J Str Res 2014;22:201∼209)
The Impact of A Type Personality and Locus of Control on the Interpersonal Anxiety in North Korean Defectors
Jung-Min Chae*, Jong-Nam Kim
Korean J Str Res. 2014;22(4):210-220.   Published online December 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2014.22.4.210
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The purpose of this study is to identify the importance of personality when the North Korean Defectors attempt to adjust in Korea. To do so, we analyzed the impact of A type behavior pattern and locus of control on the interpersonal anxiety of the North Korean Defectors, and compared the results with ones of the South Koreans. The research participants are composed of the North Korean Defectors (n=82) and the South Koreans (n=96). The result showed that the A type score and external locus of control score of the North Korean Defectors were higher than those variables of the South Koreans. And the higher are these tendencies, the lower is social anxiety. Based on these results, it is necessary to consider the North Korean Defectors' psychological traits such as personality to understand their adaptation in Korea. (Korean J Str Res 2014;22:211∼220)
Perceived Stress Type, Physical Symptoms and Happiness of Nurses: Based on RN-BSN Learner of Distance Education University
YoungSuk Park
Korean J Str Res. 2014;22(4):221-230.   Published online December 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2014.22.4.221
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  • 4 Citations
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The purpose of this research was to investigate perceived stress type, physical responses of stress and happiness of nurses in Bachelor of Science in Nursing. This study was a cross-sectional survey and the participants were 272 registered nurses in state of Bachelor Nursing Program of an distance education university at five cities in Korea. The data were collected from September to November, 2013 and were analyzed by using the SPSS 21 program. The instruments of this study were Perceived Daily Life Stress Scale, Physical Symptoms Scale, and Happiness Scale etc. Facing task dimension of stress type was higher than interpersonal dimension of nurses. Economic problem, academic problem, future problems and values problems were higher sequentially among facing task stressors. Family relationships were the highest among interpersonal stressors. Headache related symptoms were the first highest and sleep related symptoms were the second highest among physical symptoms. Nurses in a little happiness were 41.2%, nurses in unhappy were 2.9% and nurse in neither this nor that were 15.8% of the participants. Perceived stress, physical symptoms, and happiness of nurses showed significant correlation. Perceived stress and happiness were significantly different among the classified groups according to their physical symptoms of nurses. Nurses should be careful of their physical symptoms and specific intervention programs for screening and management are needed to improve their health and happiness. (Korean J Str Res 2014;22:221∼230)
The Effect of Korean Version of Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction Program on Stress and Distraction of University Students

Byung-Soo Yoon

Korean J Str Res. 2014;22(4):231-240.   Published online December 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2014.22.4.231
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  • 4 Citations
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The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of K-MBSR on distraction by stress. Subjects were 13 male and female college student. K-MBSR practiced in 6 students and they were practiced for 8 weeks. The control group were 7 students. All the subjects had pre-test and post-test with PSS, KIMS and ANT. In the results of PSS there was significant interaction effect between time (pre-post) and groups. The meditation group showed a lower level than control group in post. In the results of KIMS there was difference between groups in a subscale, description and interaction effect between time (pre-post) and groups a long with difference in groups and time in subscale, attention. The meditation group showed higher level of attention than control group in post. In ANT results there was interaction effect between groups and time in error numbers. The meditation group showed lower errors than control group and higher performance in receptive attention. The implication for this results were discussed in the final section. (Korean J Str Res 2014;22:231∼240)

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