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Volume 22(3); September 2014
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Review Article
Barriers and Strategies to Adaptation among Korean Male Nursing Students: A Systematic Review
Min Kim, Sunhee Cho, Gyeong-suk Jeon
Korean J Str Res. 2014;22(3):109-119.   Published online September 30, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2014.22.3.109
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  • 9 Download
  • 12 Citations
Abstract PDF
This study aimed to review systematically and identify barriers and strategies to adaptation among Korean male nursing students. A systematic review of qualitative studies published between 1990 and May 2014 was undertaken using the following Korean databases: RISS, KISS, and NANET. The primary search terms were ‘male nursing students’, ‘nursing’, and ‘gender’. A total 11 papers were identified reporting barriers or strategies to adaptation among Korean male nursing students. Individual barrier included choice motivation. Nursing school barriers included time restriction, curriculum, clinical practicum, professor, teaching method, and friendship. Social barrier included gender bias. Strategies were categorized same as barriers such as individual, nursing school, and social strategies. Major barriers and strategies emerged from nursing school category. Further quantitative survey is needed to identify barriers to gender sensitive nursing education. (Korean J Str Res 2014;22:109∼119)
Original Articles
Affecting Factors of Intentions to Responsible Drinking in Problem Drinkers
Kyonghwa Kang*,†, Sungjae Kim
Korean J Str Res. 2014;22(3):121-130.   Published online September 30, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2014.22.3.121
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  • 3 Citations
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<p>This study was to investigate affecting factors of intention to responsible drinking in problem drinkers. The secondary data from<br>the 2010 KARF Drinking Patterns and Alcohol Problems Survey were used. The subjects were 343 problem drinkers who scored<br>more than 12 points in Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) from the data. Stage of Change used as the measurement<br>for intention to responsible drinking. Other instruments were the Decisional Balance (DB), Drinking Refusal Self Efficacy (DRSE).<br>The results showed that 66.2 % of all the subjects were the lowest intention to responsible drinking as classified in<br>pre-contemplation stage. Intention to responsible drinking showed significant differences according to DB, DRSE, perceived amount<br>of peer drinker, depression, AUDIT score and exercise. Compared to the preparation stage, positive Pros (OR: 1.145 p=.002) and<br>DRSE (OR: 1.139, p=.001) were significant predictors of intention to responsible drinking in pre-contemplation stage. While<br>compared to the preparation stage, DRSE (OR: 1.163, p<.001) and perceive amount of peer drinker (OR: 0.386, p=.001) were<br>significantly predicted the intention to responsible drinking in contemplation stage. This study was identified not only DRSE, Pros<br>but also perceived amount of peer drinker as main factors of problem drinker's intention to responsible drinking. This study<br>suggested that more efforts to improve the problem drinkers intention to drinking refusal and to change the belief of drinking.<br>Also, the development of an instrument is needed to measure social norms for drinking. (Korean J Str Res 2014;22:121∼130)</p>
Relationship between Self-Compassion, University Life Stress and Stress Coping Strategy
Jisun Park
Korean J Str Res. 2014;22(3):131-138.   Published online September 30, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2014.22.3.131
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  • 4 Citations
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This study has been carried out in order to investigate the effects self-compassion on university life stress and stress coping strategy. The researcher has performed questionnaire on the self-compassion, university life stress and coping strategy for 232 university students. Finally, resources of 228 university students were used for the analysis. The Results of this study were as follows. First, there was a negative correlation between self-compassion, university life stress, and avoidance focused coping strategy. But there was a positive correlation between self-compassion and problem solving focused coping strategy. Second, common humanity had a significant effect upon the problem solving stress coping strategy. Also, mindfulness of self-compassion had a significant effect upon the avoidance stress coping strategy. Finally, university students with high score of self-compassion was less university life stress and used less avoidance focused coping strategy, more problem focused coping strategy. The implications and limitation of this study were discussed for future research were suggested. (Korean J Str Res 2014;22:131∼138)
The Mediating Effect of Mindfulness in the Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Stress among Clinical Nurses
Hee-Sun Oh, Chin-Kang Koh
Korean J Str Res. 2014;22(3):139-147.   Published online September 30, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2014.22.3.139
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  • 5 Citations
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The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effects of mindfulness on the relationships between emotional intelligence and stress among nurses. Cross-sectional survey design was conducted. Data were collected using questionnaire from 151 nurses who working at a university hospital in Seoul. The survey instruments included Emotional intelligence (The Wong and Law EI Scale), Mindfulness (Mindfulness Scale) and Stress (Stress Response Inventory). Data were analyzed using Baron and Kenny’s (1986) a series of three regressions for mediation. The result was compared between Mindfulness as a moderator in the [Model 1] and emotional intelligence as a moderator in the [model 2]. The mediating effect of mindfulness was confirmed on the relationship between emotional intelligence and stress. The results of this study suggest that mindfulness training intervention suitable for nurses would be useful to reduce nurses’ stress. (Korean J Str Res 2014;22:139∼147)
Psychological Symptoms and Stress Coping Styles in College Students with Somatization
Jee Young Lee
Korean J Str Res. 2014;22(3):149-158.   Published online September 30, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2014.22.3.149
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The purpose of this study was to identify stress coping styles and psychological symptoms and to examine the influences of stress coping styles and psychological symptoms on somatization in college students. A sample of 98 college students who included in the somatic group was compared with 76 college students who included in the normal healthy group. The SCL-90-R and Ways of Coping Checklist were used. Data was analyzed by independent t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis using PASW 18.0. All the scores of psychological symptoms except obsession-compulsion and psychoticism in somatic students were significantly higher, whereas the scores of problem-focused coping and emotion-focused coping were significantly lower than normal controls. In the somatic group, depression, anxiety, hostility, phobic anxiety, and emotion focused coping had positive correlations with somatization. And these 4 variables except hostility accounted for 47.2% of variance in somatization. The findings show that the college students with somatization have various psychological problems and insufficient stress coping. These results suggest that mental health providers need to be aware of the depression, anxiety, phobic anxiety and the tendency to emotion focused coping in college students with somatization, as these factors influence their somatic symptoms. (Korean J Str Res 2014;22:149∼158)
The Effects of Anger Management Programs on Anger Expression in Psychiatric Inpatients
Eun Young Kwak*, Dug Ja Choi*, Sung Jae Kim, Eun Joo Choi*, Eun Kyung Yeom*, Ji Yeon Kim*, Ji Won Shin*, Sun Joo Jang
Korean J Str Res. 2014;22(3):159-197.   Published online September 30, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2014.22.3.159
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  • 1 Citations
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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of anger management programs based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in psychiatric inpatients. This study used a nonequivalent control group, non-synchronized, and quasi?experimental design. 31 subjects were recruited. The experimental group (n=16) received 5 sessions of 2 week program. The control group (n=15) could receive the same program as the experimental group after completion of the first- and 14th-day questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS for Windows. Compared with the control group, patients on treatment showed significant reduction in scores of anger-out (U=19.50, p<.001), and anger-expression (U=40.50, p=.001). This present trial results demonstrate that anger management programs significantly reduced anger-out and anger-expression. These results can suggest that anger management programs contribute to controlling anger-expression of psychiatric inpatients. (Korean J Str Res 2014;22:159∼167)

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