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Volume 13(4); December 2005
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Review Articles
Principles of Moxibustion and Its Effects on Health
Myungja Kim, R.N., Ph.D.
Korean J Str Res. 2005;13(4):265-272.   Published online December 30, 2005
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Cell Proliferation and Glucocorticoid Receptor Expression in the Hippocampus of Young Rats are Dependent upon the Intensity of Resistance Exercise
In Park*, Choong-Yeol Lee*, Seung-Soo Baek†‡, Hee-Hyuk Lee, Hong Kim, Mal-Soon Shinand Chang-Ju Kim
Korean J Str Res. 2005;13(4):273-282.   Published online December 30, 2005
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Stress and Cognitive Dysfunction
Soo-Jeong Kim, Kwang-Ho Pyun and Insop Shim
Korean J Str Res. 2005;13(4):283-288.   Published online December 30, 2005
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Prolonged and repeated stress can lead to excessive glucocorticoid (GC) secretion that is accomplished by the hypothalamo- pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis and can constitute a serious risk for the organism. A hypersecretion of GCs was associated with neuropsychiatric changes including anxiety and affective disorders as well as a variety of neurobiological changes including neuroendocrine disturbances, cortical atrophy and hippocampal degeneration. Several of these changes have been associated with cognitive impairment. In recent literature, the central action of GCs has mostly been portrayed as damaging and disruptive to memory formation. In this paper, we describe the effects of stress on learning and memory, and review potential cellular and neural mechanisms underlying the effects of stress on cognitive dysfunction in terms of roles of GC and structural changes of the hippocampus by chronic stress. (Korean J Str Res 2005;13:283∼288)
Original Articles
Treadmill Running Suppresses Ischemia-induced c-Fos Expression in the Hippocampal CA Region in Gerbils
Ick-Hwan Kim*, Choong-Yeol Lee*, Sung-Soo Kim, Ho-Yoon Park, Yong-Taek Rhim, Sangho Kim, Young-Je Sim†‡, Myoung-Hwa Lee†‡ and Chang-Ju Kim
Korean J Str Res. 2005;13(4):289-294.   Published online December 30, 2005
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The Effect of Aromatherapy on Pain during Childbirth
Kwangmee Hur, M.S.N. and Myungja Kim, R.N., Ph.D.*
Korean J Str Res. 2005;13(4):295-300.   Published online December 30, 2005
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This study was conducted to investigate the effect of aromatherapy for the relief of labor pain and anxiety, from April 1 to April 30, 2003. The subjects were primiparae admitted in a general delivery hospital in Seoul. The number of subjects were 22 in the experimental group and 21 in the control group. For our experiment, we prepared a recipe with bergamot, lavender, lemon, and clary sage and treated the experimental group for an hour at the latent phase using indirect inhalation. For the labor pain, verbal response was recorded when cervix was measured between 2∼3 cm at the latent phase, 4∼7 cm at the active phase, and 8∼10 cm at the transition phase. In the experimental group, the mean score of labor pain and the sub-score at the active and the transition phases were lower than those of the control group. This results suggest that aromatherapy had a practical effect on reducing labor pain. (Korean J Str Res 2005;13:295∼300)
A Change on the Defense Mechanisms of Female Emerging Adulthood Groups
Young Sook Park
Korean J Str Res. 2005;13(4):301-307.   Published online December 30, 2005
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This study examined what changes have occurred in the use of the defense mechanisms of female emerging adulthood group in the last 15 years. The subjects of the research were 132 women who were between the ages 18 and 24 of the emerging adulthood group in 1990 and 265 women in 2005. According to the study results, the modern female emerging adulthood group presented a significantly lower score than the past emerging adulthood group in factor 1 such as acting out, displacement, somatization, dissociation, projection, passive-aggressive behavior which are related with a sensitive and insecure behavior pattern. There was no difference in the score between the modern and the past emerging adulthood group for factor 2 which are a part of positive and productive defense mechanism such as controlling, distortion, altruism, humor, sublimation. In factor 3, which are related to self denial or self devaluation, only the reaction formation showed a significant difference in the score between the two groups. The modern female emerging adulthood group scored significantly lower than the past group in factor 4 such as denial, rationalization, suppression, evasion which are related with evasion of reality. These results show that the modern emerging female adulthood group is moving towards reduced insecure and sensivite ego defense mechanism and evasive defense mechanism in comparison to the past emerging female adulthood group, which in turn highlights the fact that there are also changes in the adaptive behavior between the two groups. (Korean J Str Res 2005;13:301∼308)

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