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Volume 13(1); March 2005
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Review Article
Adolescent Sexuality: Attitude, Impulsivity, Coping Behavior
Young Sook Park, Ph.D.
Korean J Str Res. 2005;13(1):1-8.   Published online March 30, 2005
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This study examined the construct of sexual attitude, impulsivity and coping behavior in order to develop the sexuality psychological test for adolescents. The study attempted to define the constructs by reviewing the previous studies and contents of counseling. The results indicated that the sexual attitude can be categorized positive, permissive attitude and double-standard attitude. Regarding impulsivity, it could be found that most adolescents experience embarrassment, urgency, uncontrolabilty and negative affect to their sexual impulsivity. For the coping behavior, it could be categorized into manipulative coping and expressive coping. The results suggest that these constructs need to be refined, and in order to do so, both focus group sessions and analyzing of counseling data should to be further performed. (Korean J Str Res 2005;13:1∼8)
Original Articles
Concept Analysis of Resilience
Kyung Hee Lee and So Woo Lee, R.N., Ph.D.
Korean J Str Res. 2005;13(1):9-18.   Published online March 30, 2005
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Resilience is the ability to spring back in the face of adversity. It is an important concept for health care professions as we strive to assist individuals to meet the challenges of living with illness and stress. The purpose of this study was to clarify the defining attributes of resilience and to facilitate to use the concept in practice, research, and education of health and social science. By Walker and Avant (1983)'s strategies for concept analysis, the concept of resilience finally analyzed as "a combination of abilities and characteristics that interact dynamically to allow an individuals to bounce back and cope successfully in spite of significant stress or adversity." The critical attributes of resilience were determined intra-personal and environmental factors. (1) Intra-personal factors are divided into dispositional, relational, and cognitive dimension. In dispositional attributes, there are positive self-esteem, sense of control, optimism, hardiness, autonomy, flexibility. In relational attributes, there are communication skills, ability to develop attachment relationships, and prosocial attitude. In cognitive attributes, there are positive appraisal and coping strategies, problem-solving skills, positive outlook and belief, and hope. (2) Environmental factors include social support of family, relatives, friends and community. The antecedent to the development of resilience would be adversity itself. Consequences of resilience are positive outcomes from adversity. We need to understand the concept of resilience clearly, to examine protective factors in high risk population, and to continue research to identify interactive process between the factors. (Korean J Str Res 2005;13:9∼18)
Sodium Aurothiomalate Alleviates Carrageenan-induced Paw Edema by Suppressing Serotonin Synthesis in Rat Brain
Taeck-Hyun Lee, Hyun-Kyung Chang, Min-Chul Shin, Mal-Soon Shin and Chang-Ju Kim
Korean J Str Res. 2005;13(1):19-26.   Published online March 30, 2005
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오로치오 주사액은 류마티스 관절염의 항염증 효과를 위해 사용하는 금함유 제제이다. 세로토닌은 통증의 전달과 밀접한 관련이 있다. 본 연구에서는 오로치오 주사액의 카라지난에 의한 흰쥐 발바닥 부종에 대한 소염, 진통효과를 연구하였다. 흰쥐 발바닥에 카라지난을 주사하였을 때 흰쥐 발바닥 용적이 증가되었다. 그러나 오로치오 주사약을 전처치하고 카라지난을 주사하였을 때에는 카라지난에 의한 발바닥 용적의 증가가 억제되었다. 또한 카라지난을 흰쥐 발바닥에 주사하였을 때 뇌의 봉선핵에서 세로토닌의 발현이 증가한 반면, 오로치오를 전처치하고 카라진난을 주사하였을 때에는 카라지난에 의한 봉선핵에서의 세로토닌 발현이 억제되었다. 본 실험 결과 오로치오 주사액은 뇌의 봉선핵에서 통증을 전달해 주는 세로토닌의 발현을 억제함으로써 소염, 진통작용을 나타냄을 알 수 있었다. (Korean J Str Res 2005;13:19∼25)
Nurses' Perception of Aromatherapy in Korea
So Woo Lee, R.N., Ph.D.*, Sook Hee Yoon, R.N., Ph.D., Jeong Yee Bae, R.N., Ph.D.and Kyumgeh An, R.N., Ph.D.
Korean J Str Res. 2005;13(1):27-34.   Published online March 30, 2005
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Complementary and alternative therapies derived from ancient that involve nature in healing practice. Aromatherapy is one of the common practices among various complementary and alternative therapies believed as useful in healing process. The use of aromatherapy among chronically ill patients has been growing rapidly in recent years. Nurses' perception of aromatherapy are reported based on the survey: (1) Among 115 Korean nurses, the attitude toward aromatherapy was either slightly positive (74%) or mostly positive (20%), (2) effectiveness of aromatherapy was strongly believed (58%), and (3) learning about aromatherapy was either moderate desired (84%) or strongly desired (15%). We suggest that the effects of aromatherapy and its usefulness need to be taught more intensively to both nursing students and nurses in Korea. Additionally, this paper aimed to theorize the scientific basis of aromatherapy and review how it has been taught, studied, and applied in nursing science. (Korean J Str Res 2005;13:27∼33)
Trait Anger, Job Stress and Mental Health Status of Female Nurses and Teachers in Korea
Youn-Jung Son, R.N., Ph.D. and Moon-Sook Yoo, R.N., Ph.D.*
Korean J Str Res. 2005;13(1):35-40.   Published online March 30, 2005
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본 연구는 직장여성들의 건강증진을 도모하기 위해 대상자들의 특성분노, 직무 스트레스 및 정신건강간의 관계를 파악하기 위한 서술적 조사연구로서, 경기도 소재 일개 종합병원에 근무하는 142명의 간호사와 일개 고등학교에 근무하는 110명의 여교사를 대상으로 자가설문지법을 이용해 실시하였다. 대상자들의 특성분노 수준은 직무스트레스(r=0.27, p<0.01)와 정신건강 상태(r=0.42, p<0.01)와 통계적으로 유의한 상관관계가 있었으며, 직무스트레스는 또한 정신건강 상태(r=0.60, p<0.01)와 통계적으로 유의한 상관관계가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 대상자들의 정신건강 상태의 예측요인을 살펴보기 위해 다중회귀분석을 실시한 결과, 통계적으로 유의한 직무 스트레스와 특성분노가 정신건강 상태의 42.5%를 설명하고 있었다. 직장 여성들의 정신건강 상태에 특성분노와 직무스트레스가 통계적으로 유의한 영향변수로 나타났으며 특성분노와 직무스트레스 간에도 상호 관련이 있는 것을 알 수 있었다. 이러한 기초자료는 직장여성들의 정신건강을 증진시키기 위한 프로그램을 개발할 때 근무환경이나 직무만족도를 개선시키는 다양한 방안의 모색뿐 아니라 개인의 성격적 특성을 고려한 맞춤식 프로그램이 개발되어야 함을 제시하고 있다. (Korean J Str Res 2005;13:35∼41)

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