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Youngho Lee 2 Articles
The Effect of Perceived Stress on Drinking Problem of Korean College Students: From the Perspective of Escape Theory
Dawon Yoon, Youngho Lee
STRESS. 2023;31(1):1-10.   Published online March 31, 2023
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  • 153 Download
Abstract PDF
This study examined how the perceived stress of college students leads to drinking problems based on the Escape Theory.
A total of 485 college students were surveyed. A moderated mediation analysis was used to test the hypotheses.
Since no significant correlation was found between perceived stress and drinking problem, the dependent variable was replaced with problematic drinking, a sub-factor of drinking problem. Escape from self fully mediated the relationship between perceived stress and problematic drinking. The interaction of perceived stress and dysfunctional self-focus was correlated with escape from self. Coping motives to drinking strengthened the pathways from escape from self to problematic drinking.
This study shows the need for therapeutic interventions to curb college students’ drinking problems. This study’s significance and limitations are also discussed.
The Relationship between the Decentering and Forgiveness: The Moderating Effect of Reflective Response Style and the Mediating Effect of Anger Rumination
Jiwon Shin, Youngho Lee
STRESS. 2019;27(1):36-45.   Published online March 31, 2019
  • 1,785 View
  • 31 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF

The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effects of anger rumination between decentering and forgiveness, and the moderating effect of reflective response style.


The subjects of this study were 231 college students who were assessed by the Experiences Questionnaire (EQ), the Response to Depressed mood Questionnaire (RDQ), the Korean Anger Rumination Scale (K-ARS), and the Enright Forgiveness Inventory (EFI).


First, anger rumination partially mediated the relationship between decentering and forgiveness, and subfactors of anger rumination showed distinct mediating effect on the relationship between decentering and forgiveness. Rumination of cause did not have any mediating effect on the relationship between the decentering and forgiveness. But rumination of revenge showed a full mediating effect. Anger memories rumination showed partial mediating effect. Second, the total score of reflective response style had moderating effect on the relation between decentering and anger rumination. Objective reflection, which was a subfactor of reflective response style also showed moderating effect, but the feature of effect was different.


These results suggested the importance of decentering and objective reflection in order to increase forgiveness. The implication of this study and further suggestions for future studies were discussed.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The Effect of Anger Rumination on Interpersonal Problem: The Moderated Mediating Effect of Dysfunctional Anger Expression and Effortful Control
    Kyu Young Son, Eun Young Park
    Stress.2020; 28(4): 179.     CrossRef