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Sungjae Kim 5 Articles
The Role of Trauma in Addiction and Recovery: A Qualitative Meta-Synthesis
Jandi Kim, Misook Kim, Youjin Shin, Byunghee Kim, Sungjae Kim
STRESS. 2021;29(1):45-59.   Published online March 31, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2021.29.1.45
  • 256 View
  • 20 Download
Abstract PDF
Background

Trauma is a physically or emotionally harmful or life-threatening event that negatively affects well-being. Recently, a high correlation between trauma and substance addiction has been recognized. The aim of this study is to synthesize qualitative studies to understand the effects of trauma involved in the addiction and recovery process.

Methods

By searching qualitative studies about addiction and recovery, 17 Korean studies (80 subjects) were finally included in our analysis.

Results

We recorded the traumas experienced, and their effects on addiction and recovery. Trauma reduced self-esteem and triggered psychological pain, while addiction was perceived as a countermeasure. As the trauma became accepted, participants acknowledged themselves, realized the value of their existence, and formed trusting relationships with others. Recovery progressed as the trauma healed.

Conclusions

Our study facilitates a comprehensive and systematic understanding of the role of trauma on addiction.

An Analysis of Research on Parenting Stress of Unmarried Mothers in Korea
Kyung-Sook Bang, Sungjae Kim, Yeseul Jeong, Min Kyung Song, Gumhee Lee, Jihee Lim
STRESS. 2019;27(4):287-297.   Published online December 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2019.27.4.287
  • 248 View
  • 13 Download
  • 2 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

The purpose of this study was to analyze current research trends on parenting stress of unmarried mothers in Korea and explore the related concepts.

Methods:

For searching the literature, KMbase, Korea Med, RISS, NDSL was used. Fourteen studies from 2009 to 2019 were selected, and National Institute of Health (NIH) Study Quality Assessment Tool (SQAT) was applied.

Results:

Among the 14 studies, most frequently used study design was correlational study (64.3%), and majority of the study (78.6%) was conducted in the field of social welfare. Only one study was found in the nursing journal. Related concepts can be categorized as individual (cognitive, emotional, and behavioral) factors, and social/environmental factors. Among these, self-esteem, parenting self-efficacy, and health perception in cognitive concept domain, depression in emotional concept domain, parenting behavior in behavioral domain, and lastly, social and interpersonal support were studied as related factors with parenting stress. Overall parenting stress level was higher than moderate, and it was positively related to depression, and negatively related to health perception and social support. Various study tools were used even the original foreign tool was the same, thereby comparisons among studies were difficult.

Conclusions:

Future studies are suggested to explore unmarried mother’s physical health problems as well as emotional problems, and to develop reliable measurement tools which can be used in Korean situation. Also, various nursing intervention programs for health promotion and child rearing competence for unmarried mothers should be developed.

Development of Addiction Prevention Care Program for Nurses
Sungjae Kim, Se-Jin Joo, Young Ok Song, Jin-Gyung Cha, Jeongwoon Yang
STRESS. 2019;27(4):389-395.   Published online December 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2019.27.4.389
  • 155 View
  • 7 Download
Abstract PDF
Background:

The purpose of this study is to develop an addiction preventing program for nurses, which will improve nurses’ general competency of preventing the addiction problem.

Methods:

The develop process is in 3 steps. First, We analyzed the studies. A group of addiction experts did the focus group interview and drew out the core competency that is necessary to the general nurses. At the second step of the process, we developed 8 modules of addiction preventing program. For the last step, we calculated the content validity index (CVI) from the expert, and the average of CVI was 0.9.

Results:

Each module’s topic is; Overall understanding of addiction, Type and characteristic of addiction, Addiction preventing program with SBIRT (Alcoholism, Addiction of internet-game and smartphone, Gambling addiction, Substance addiction), and the Addiction management for internet-game and smartphone addicted adolescent, and employee’s alcoholism).

Conclusions:

This study provides the basic educational information of the four major addiction prevention. Since nurses are the first line medical staff who is responsible for the screening, it is very important to provide and educate nurse.

An Integrative Review of Life Events in Early Schizophrenia
Jaewon Joung, Sungjae Kim
STRESS. 2017;25(3):170-178.   Published online September 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.3.170
  • 193 View
  • 10 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

The purpose of this study was to review the literature to improve the understanding of life events of early schizophrenia and identify the related factors using an integrative review.

Methods:

The key words, ‘schizophrenia’ and ‘life events’ were used to search peer-reviewed evidence through six electronic databases and 11 papers were selected.

Results:

The factors related to the life events of the early schizophrenia were as follows 1) social isolation, lack of self-efficacy, lack of coping as antecedents 2) depression as a mediating factor 3) precipitating role of psychotic symptoms as a consequence.

Conclusions:

It is difficult to identify the causal relationship between life events and psychotic symptoms because there are methodological limitations and conflicting results. In the future, it will be necessary qualitative research on life events of early schizophrenia and intervention study applying related factors identified in this study.

An Integrative Review of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for Mental Health Problem
Dugja Choi, Sungjae Kim
STRESS. 2017;25(2):75-85.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.2.75
  • 231 View
  • 11 Download
  • 8 Citations
Abstract PDF

The purpose of this study was to provide an integrative review of ACT for mental health problems to identify content of program and discuss methodological strategy of intervention according to target population. According to Whittmore and Knaf’s integrative review method, this research was conducted in five stages: clarification of research problems, literature search, and quality evaluation of data, data analysis, and data description. The key words in English and Korean were used to search through seven electronic databases. 21 studies were finally included in this integrative review. ACT was used as an intervention for anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder and eating disorders and was effective in social avoidance, anxiety sensitivity, depression, dysfunctional belief and negative thinking. It was also used as an intervention for the maladjustment in adolescence to improve self-esteem and reduce behavioral problem. The six core processes of ACT are useful for people with chronic mental illness who have an ineffective avoidance strategy that avoids their symptoms and does not accept the illness. We give a suggestion that researchers develop and apply appropriate ACT for mentally ill person in hospitals.


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