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Sangchul Jang 1 Article
Effect of Belly Button Meditation (BBM) on Stress Response, Physical Symptoms, Work Flow of the Workers
Seungho Lee, Jaehan Shin, Jihun Han, Sangchul Jang, Hyesook Shin
STRESS. 2017;25(1):8-16.   Published online March 31, 2017
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The purpose of this study is to identify the effect of the Belly Button Meditation (BBM) technique on stress response, physical symptoms, and work flow of workers in South Korea. Study participants were randomly assigned into 3 groups: an experimental group, a comparative group, and a control group, with each group comprising 25 individuals. The experimental group received training on the BBM program by watching and practising a 10-minute BBM exercise video, while the comparative group performed a national gymnastics routine according to 10-minute video. Both groups received this training 3 times a day for 4 weeks. Stress response, physical symptoms, and work flow were assessed at pre and post of the study. The pretest for demographic variables, stress response, physical symptoms, and work flow were found to be statistically homogeneous. The experimental group showed a statistically significant decrease in stress response and physical symptoms compared with the comparative and control groups at the posttest of the study. The experimental group also showed a statistically significant increase in work flow. The results of this study suggest that the BBM program may be effective in relieving the stressors and physical symptoms and improving the degree of work flow. Long-term training on the BBM program has positive psychological and physical benefits, as shown by previous studies. However, this study is significantly meaningful for decreasing stress and physical symptoms, and improving the work flow of workers through the introduction and practice of a 10-minute meditation exercise into the daily routine of busy workers.


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