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Saebom Park 1 Article
Development of Submodules of the Korean Dysfunctional Depression Scale: A Preliminary Study
Jong Nam Kim, Seungwon Choi, Sunho Jung, Heon Jeong Lee, Chul-Hyun Cho, Saebom Park, Da Eun Kim
STRESS. 2018;26(3):173-185.   Published online September 30, 2018
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Abstract PDFSupplementary Material

The purpose of this study is to develop the Korean dysfunctional depression submodule scales, which are composed of hwa-byung, mood dysregulation, female depression, anxiety, spouse conflict and suicidal risk.


To achieve this purpose, we developed preliminary items of six submodules through the theoretical approach and experiential approach. Then we collected data from professionals and para-professionals in mental health area (n=407) and 275 data were used to analyzed. Correlation with criterion, item information function, item-total correlation, and explorative factor analysis are performed using Mplus 7.4 and SPSS 21.0.


6 submodules of the Korean dysfunctional depression are composed of 8 items for Hwa-byung, 7 items for mood dysregulation, 7 items for female depression, 7 items for anxiety, 7 items for spouse-conflict and 9 items for suicidal risk. Reliability of submodules are .84∼.93.


These submodules of the Korean dysfunctional depression scale are verified to have high reliability and expected to be useful to assess the specific and various features of the dysfunctional depression.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • How Suppressed Anger Can Become an Illness: A Qualitative Systematic Review of the Experiences and Perspectives of Hwabyung Patients in Korea
    Hyo-Weon Suh, Ki-Beom Lee, Sun-Yong Chung, Minjung Park, Bo-Hyoung Jang, Jong Woo Kim
    Frontiers in Psychiatry.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef