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Myoung-Ho Hyun 33 Articles
Effect of Emotional Regulation Strategies on Psychological Distress in Obsessive-Compulsive Tendency
Woo-Jin Cha, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2024;32(2):104-110.   Published online June 28, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2024.32.2.104
  • 159 View
  • 13 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
This study examined the effects of emotion regulation strategies on psychological distress in individuals with obsessive-compulsive tendencies.
Methods
A total of 339 adults completed online and offline surveys administered to determine the level of obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Among them, 56 were categorized into the obsessive-compulsive tendency group and randomly assigned to the reappraisal, acceptance, and suppression groups, where each participated in emotion regulation strategy training. Their psychological distress was assessed before and after the training.
Results
The results of the repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed that the main effects of neither group nor time were significant, but the interaction between group and time was significant. The acceptance group showed a significant decrease in psychological distress post-training, whereas the suppression group showed a significant increase. The reappraisal group showed no significant changes in psychological distress before and after the training.
Conclusions
This study demonstrated that the acceptance strategy was especially effective and adaptive in reducing psychological distress. These findings expand our understanding of emotion regulation strategies and have therapeutic implications. Finally, the implications and limitations of this study are discussed, presenting directions for future research.
Relationship between Childhood Trauma and Depression in Youths in the Transition to Independent Living: The Mediating Effect of Disconnection-Rejection Schemas Moderated by Out-of-Home Care Types
Shin Young Park, Myoung-Ho Hyun, Min Jin Jin
STRESS. 2024;32(1):9-18.   Published online March 28, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2024.32.1.9
  • 1,829 View
  • 31 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
This study explored the relationship between childhood trauma, disconnection-rejection schemas, and depression among youths in the transition to independent living. Additionally, this study examined whether the impact of childhood trauma on depression, mediated by disconnection-rejection schemas, was moderated by the type of out-of-home care (residential care centers, group homes, and foster homes).
Methods
A survey questionnaire measuring childhood trauma, disconnection-rejection schemas, and depression was administered to 201 participants.
Results
Mistrust-abuse and defectiveness-shame schemas mediated the relationship between childhood trauma and depression. In all types of out-of-home care, both the mistrust-abuse and defectiveness-shame schemas mediated the relationship between childhood trauma and depression. There were no significant differences in mediating effects based on the type of out-of-home care.
Conclusions
The findings of this study can be applied to the treatment of depression during the transition to independent living in individuals who have experienced childhood trauma.
Preliminary Validation of the Korean Version of the Alexian Brothers Urge to Self-Injure Scale (ABUSI-K)
Min-kyeong Kim, Myoung-Ho Hyun, Seo Jeong Lee
STRESS. 2023;31(4):182-188.   Published online December 28, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2023.31.4.182
  • 884 View
  • 41 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
This study aimed to validate the Korean version of the Alexian-Brothers Urge to Self-injure Scale (ABUSI) for measuring non-suicidal self-injury urges.
Methods
Analysis was conducted on a sample of 389 adult men and women who had inflicted self-harm without suicidal intent within three years. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to confirm the single factor of the scale, and convergent validity was assessed to establish the relationship between ABUSI-K and Negative Urgency (UPPS-P), Self-Criticism/Attacking and Reassurance (FSCRS), and Self-Injurious Thoughts and Behaviors Interview (SITBI).
Results
The Korean version of the Alexian-Brothers Urge to Self-Injure Scale (ABUSI-K) showed high internal consistency and, like the original scale, was confirmed to be a single-factor scale measuring the urge to self-injure. Convergent validity with negative urgency, self-criticism/self-attacking and self-reassuring, the NSSI module of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors, and depression and anxiety were also significant, indicating that ABUSI-K’s psychometric benefits are confirmed.
Conclusions
The results of this study will provide a multifaceted understanding of self-injury without suicidal intent and the urges that occur before self-injury. They are expected to be useful in clinical interventions for individuals who have engaged in non-suicidal self-injuries.
Validating a Short Version of the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale-12 (IUS-12)
Somin Lee, Myoung-Ho Hyun, Jaeeun Shin
STRESS. 2023;31(3):97-105.   Published online September 30, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2023.31.3.97
  • 1,087 View
  • 95 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
This study aims to validate the short version of the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale-12 (IUS-12).
Methods
A comprehensive set of questionnaires, including the IUS-12, STAI-T, PSWQ, CES-D, and K-CSI, was administered and completed by 404 participants. The average age of the participants was 31.29 years (SD=9.18), comprising 114 men, 287 women, and 3 individuals identifying with the other gender. We conducted a factor analysis on the collected data and compared the fit indices of one-factor, two-factor, and bifactor models. Furthermore, a multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis evaluated measurement invariance between the men’s and women’s groups. Correlational analyses were also conducted.
Results
Data from the study show that the bifactor model was the most appropriate, demonstrating good internal consistency. The Omega coefficients and explained common variance were computed to evaluate the dimensionality of the IUS-12, validating the use of the total score of the scale. Its factor model also showed that the measurement invariance sustained between two gender groups. The correlation analyses between the IUS-12 and other scales assessing attributes such as trait anxiety, worry, depression, and avoidance coping strategy supported convergent validity.
Conclusions
These findings suggest that the IUS-12 is a reliable and valid measure for assessing the intolerance of uncertainty. The study also discusses its limitations and offers recommendations for future research endeavors.
The Mediating Role of Anger Rumination in the Relationship between Job Stress and Problem Drinking among Community-Oriented Police Officers
Dawon Jang, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2023;31(2):81-86.   Published online June 30, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2023.31.2.81
  • 815 View
  • 47 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
This study investigated the mediating effect of anger rumination in the relationship between job stress and problem drinking among community-oriented police officers.
Methods
The study participants were 107 community-oriented police officers working in local police stations and substations in the Seoul-Gyeonggi area. Participants completed the Police Job Stress Scale, Anger Rumination Scale (K-ARS), and Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT). Data was collected from September to October 2022, and the mediation analysis was performed using SPSS PROCESS Macro model 4.
Results
Analysis showed that anger rumination fully mediates the relationship between job stress and problem drinking among community-oriented police officers.
Conclusions
This study emphasizes the importance of interventions or treatments that address both job stress and anger rumination for community-oriented police officers with alcohol-related problems. Such interventions can contribute to preventing and managing problem drinking that threatens the well-being of individual police officers and the police organization.
The Dual Mediation Effect of Evaluative Concerns Perfectionism and Mindfulness in the Relationship between Temperament and Depression among Office Workers
SeoYeon Park, Yejin Cho, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2023;31(2):87-95.   Published online June 30, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2023.31.2.87
  • 1,336 View
  • 67 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
This study investigates the dual mediation effect of evaluative concerns perfectionism and mindfulness in the relationship between temperament and depression among office workers.
Methods
220 Korean office workers completed online surveys measuring levels of FCB-TI perseveration (PE) and emotional reactivity (ER), evaluative concerns perfectionism, mindfulness, and depression.
Results
The data analysis results showed that evaluative concerns perfectionism and mindfulness both mediated the relationship between temperament types and depression. Additionally, evaluative concerns perfectionism and mindfulness had dual mediating effect between temperament and depression.
Conclusions
Based on the results of this study, PE and ER temperament could increase the level of evaluative concerns perfectionism, decreasing the level of mindfulness and increasing the risk of depression. The findings highlight the potential value of mindfulness-based interventions focusing on alleviating perfectionism concerning others’ evaluation for preventing and treating depression in office settings.
Effects of Social Anxiety Level on Negative Interpretation Bias in Ambiguous Social Situations: Focused on Relational Intimacy
Hye Ji Yun, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2023;31(1):11-17.   Published online March 31, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2023.31.1.11
  • 1,963 View
  • 69 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background
This study aimed to examine the differences in negative interpretation bias in ambiguous social situations according to social anxiety level and then confirm the degree of negative interpretation bias according to the relational intimacy with the interacting partner.
Methods
A total of 405 adults in their 20s completed the surveys that measured the levels of social interaction anxiety, and the highest 10% (n=30) and lowest 10% (n=30) scorers finally participated in the study. This study used a 2 (high/low social anxiety)×3 (relational intimacy: a stranger/a moderately intimate person/a very intimate person) factorial design. The study provided participants with 15 randomized scenarios with the same social context but different interacting partners and confirmed the degree of agreement with the negative interpretation presented in each situation.
Results
The high social anxiety group showed more negative interpretation bias in ambiguous social situations compared to the low social anxiety group. Regarding the negative interpretation biases according to relational intimacy, the high social anxiety group showed the most negative interpretation bias in social interactions with a moderately intimate person than they did with a stranger or very intimate person.
Conclusions
Social anxiety may have different effects on the degree of negative interpretation bias depending on intimacy in social interactions, suggesting that differentiated therapeutic interventions are needed.

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  • Unmet expectations: social inclusion and the interaction between social anxiety and ambiguous or positive feedback
    Rémi Thériault, Flavie Dion-Cliche, Stéphane Dandeneau
    Frontiers in Psychology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
Research Trends in the Diagnostic Classification of Food Addiction and Future Tasks
Juwon Lee, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2022;30(4):187-195.   Published online December 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.4.187
  • 1,740 View
  • 146 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background
Although people tend to be exposed to food addiction today, there are no formal diagnostics for Food Addiction. Thus, clinical application for therapy is difficult. The present study reviews the clinical characteristics, mechanisms, and measurement tools, and presents opinions on psychiatric classification to suggest directions for further research.
Methods
The authors conducted a literature search using the terms food addiction or FA. The review included 54 Korea and international studies from 1956 to 2021.
Results
Food addiction has reported similarities with substance use disorder and binge eating disorder. Consequently, it seems to be more reasonable to categorize it as substance or behavioral addiction rather than an eating disorder. Further research is needed on whether food addiction can be classified as a behavioral addiction in that food does not have intoxication properties by itself. Further, it is worth considering the dimensional classification of binge-eating-related spectrum disorder, given the behavioral similarities.
Conclusions
Several studies have attempted to reveal the characteristics of food addiction, but researchers’ views on the psychiatric classification are inconsistent. The addition of food addiction in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM) seems to require a phased approach. Further work should also verify the effective treatment methods, focusing on underlying mechanism.

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  • Comparison of the nutrition quotient by types of eating behavior among male and female university students in Gwangju
    Geum-Bi Ryu, Young-Ran Heo
    Journal of Nutrition and Health.2023; 56(3): 277.     CrossRef
The Effect of Directed Avoidance on Impulsive Behaviors among Individuals with Traits of Borderline Personality Disorder
Hoi Jin Yoon, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2022;30(4):260-267.   Published online December 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.4.260
  • 1,693 View
  • 43 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
This study aims to examine the emotion regulation effect of directed avoidance on the impulsive behavior of individuals with traits of borderline personality disorder (BPD).
Methods
A total of 44 participants with BPD traits were randomly assigned to the control group (n=22) and treatment group (n=22). Participants in the treatment group were directed to use avoidance when they experienced a negative emotion. Positive and negative emotions and impulsivity were measured before and after the negative emotion was induced; impulsivity was measured using the Stroop test and Contingency Delay task.
Results
The Stroop test’s results demonstrated that there was a significant interaction effect of time and error between the groups, specifically, impulsivity increased in the control group when negative emotions were induced. However, the results of Contingency Delay task were marginally significant. The main effect of directed avoidance on discount rate k slightly increased but did not reach a significant level, and the interaction effect between the groups and time was not found. In the control group, discount rate k significantly increased after directed avoidance was induced; however, it was not significant in the treatment group.
Conclusions
Findings from our study supported the effect of directed avoidance could be used as an emotional regulation method among individuals with traits of BPD, such as controlling impulsive behaviors. Finally, limitations of this study and implications of the short-term intervention method using the immediate emotional control effect of directed avoidance for the future are discussed.
The Role of Disability Acceptance and Emotional Support in the Association between Negative Experiences and Depression in Disabled People with Cancer: A Moderated Mediation Model
Young Won Shin, Min Jin Jin, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2022;30(4):244-251.   Published online December 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.4.244
  • 1,302 View
  • 41 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background
This study examined the moderating effect of emotional support from acquaintances and the mediating effect of disability acceptance in the association between disability-related negative experiences and depression in disabled people with cancer.
Methods
Data were collected from 295 participants in the“Disabled-Life Panel Research” conducted by the Korea Disabled people’s Development Institute. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS Windows 26.0 with the PROCESS Macro program 4.0 as a moderated mediating model.
Results
Higher disability-related negative experiences caused lower disability acceptance, which predicted higher depression levels. Emotional support played a significant moderating role in this relationship. The effect of negative experiences on disability acceptance was weaker in disabled individuals with cancer who perceived higher social support from acquaintances.
Conclusions
These results suggest that focusing on emotional support is important in protecting the psychological health of disabled people with cancer who are alienated from society.

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  • Disability acceptance and depressive symptoms: the moderating role of social support
    Gum-Ryeong Park, Sujeong Park, Jinho Kim
    Disability and Rehabilitation.2024; : 1.     CrossRef
A Preliminary Study on a Short-Term Counseling Program for Victims of Interpersonal Trauma in the Military
Shin Young Park, Sung Yi Cha, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2022;30(3):155-162.   Published online September 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.3.155
  • 1,491 View
  • 69 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
This preliminary study was conducted to develop a short-term counseling program for victims who experienced interpersonal trauma in the military and to verify its effectiveness.
Methods
A single group pre-post-mixed design was used for this study. Seven victims who experienced interpersonal trauma within the military participated in the program once a week for five weeks. Participants’ post-traumatic stress symptoms, degree of insomnia, depression, state anxiety, and acceptance behavior levels were assessed and compared at baseline and pre-and post-test.
Results
Participants’ post-traumatic stress symptoms, state anxiety, and depression symptoms significantly reduced and acceptance behavior significantly increased after participating in the short-term counseling program.
Conclusions
The results of this study will help explore therapeutic elements that are helpful for victims who have experienced interpersonal trauma in the military.
Relationship between Stop Drinking Controllability, Hopelessness, Social Activity and Suicidality for Alcohol Use Disorder
Hye-Young Lee, Young-Sil Kwon, Myoung-Ho Hyun, Na-Rae Lee
STRESS. 2022;30(3):172-178.   Published online September 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.3.172
  • 1,433 View
  • 63 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background
This study aimed to examine the relationship between suicidality, stop drinking controllability, hopelessness, and social activity in a population sample of individuals with alcohol use disorder (AUD) and to determine how AUD contributes to suicidal behavior.
Methods
A total of 252 participants diagnosed with AUD were surveyed, and multiple regression analysis and hierarchical regression analysis were used to analyze the data.
Results
Hopelessness fully mediated the relationship between the ability to stop drinking and suicidality. At low levels of social engagement, the relationship between hopelessness and suicidality was significantly modified by social activity.
Conclusions
The results of this study suggest that patients with AUD who were unable to successfully address their drinking problem and abstain from drinking were more likely to experience hopelessness. In addition, we concluded that hopelessness can lead to suicidal ideation or suicide attempts.

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  • The process of losing meaning in life among alcoholics
    Seong-Jun Maeng, Jun-Hyeok Kang, Sun Kyung Kang, Dong-Jun Lee
    Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development.2024; : 1.     CrossRef
Time Management, Quality of Life, and Work-Life Balance Based on Temperament of Workers
Yuseung Choi, Yejin Cho, Yeeun Hwang, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2022;30(2):69-74.   Published online June 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.2.69
  • 1,342 View
  • 83 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background
Temperament plays an important role in adapting to different environments. The purpose of this study is to investigate the differences between temperament clusters, time management behavior, quality of life, and work-life balance.
Methods
A total of 216 participants (male=56, female=160, mean age: 31.92 years) completed questionnaires measuring temperament, time management behavior, quality of life, and work-life balance.
Results
Data from the study shows that temperamental profiles are classified into three groups. The profile of “Adaptive Solver” was associated with the most beneficial traits, and that of “Chronic Worrier” was associated with the most disadvantageous traits.
Conclusions
The findings of this study confirm that temperaments are related to psychological adjustment. This study provides an implication for considering individual differences in the intervention for psychological adaptation of workers.

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  • The Dual Mediation Effect of Evaluative Concerns Perfectionism and Mindfulness in the Relationship between Temperament and Depression among Office Workers
    SeoYeon Park, Yejin Cho, Myoung-Ho Hyun
    STRESS.2023; 31(2): 87.     CrossRef
The Parallel Multiple Mediating Effects of Work-Family Conflict and Loneliness in the Relationship between Temperaments, Depression, and Anxiety while Working from Home
Yeeun Hwang, Yejin Cho, Yuseung Choi, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2022;30(2):75-84.   Published online June 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.2.75
  • 1,733 View
  • 94 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background
As the number of people working from home has increased since the COVID-19 pandemic, it is important to understand workers’ stress and psychological state while working from home. Work-family conflict and loneliness may be related to working from home, and they could be experienced differently depending on individual traits. Therefore, this study examined the parallel multiple mediating effects of work-family conflict and loneliness in the relationship between personal temperaments and negative emotions such as depression and anxiety.
Methods
Data were collected online from people currently working from home for at least one month, more than once per week. They answered K-DASS-21, UCLA loneliness scale, Work-Family Conflict, and FCB-TI. Only four temperaments were used in the statistic step: Briskness and Sense sensitivity as protective factors and Perseveration and Emotional reactivity as vulnerable factors. The multiple mediating effects were analyzed independently by using the PROCESS macro.
Results
Firstly, Briskness and Sense sensitivity were found to negatively affect depression and anxiety while working from home by significantly mediating work-family conflict and loneliness. Thus, these temperaments would be protective factors while working from home. Secondly, Perseveration and Emotional reactivity positively influenced both negative emotions by mediating two mediation variables, which means that both temperaments are vulnerable factors.
Conclusions
The results suggest that personality traits can impact how people experience stress and negative emotions in working situations, leading to negative psychological states. Consequently, personal temperaments would be important to understand relationships between environments and internal experiences.

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  • The Dual Mediation Effect of Evaluative Concerns Perfectionism and Mindfulness in the Relationship between Temperament and Depression among Office Workers
    SeoYeon Park, Yejin Cho, Myoung-Ho Hyun
    STRESS.2023; 31(2): 87.     CrossRef
Influence of Subjective Gambling Norms and Big-Win/Big-Loss Experiences on Severity of Gambling Behavior
Jungwoo Park, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2022;30(1):1-6.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.1.1
  • 2,589 View
  • 137 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of subjective gambling norms and big-win/big-loss experiences on the severity of gambling behavior.
Methods
A total of 330 participants responded to a questionnaire assessing subjective gambling norms, severity of gambling behavior, and big-win and big-loss experiences.
Results
Subjective gambling norms and big-loss experiences had a significant positive impact on gambling severity. However, the interaction effects of subjective gambling norms and big-loss experiences on gambling severity were not significant.
Conclusions
The results of this study can facilitate an improved understanding of the path of gambling addiction. Further, the findings clarify the implications of interventions pertaining to subjective gambling norms and big-loss experiences.
The Mediating Effect of Self-Compassion in the Relationship between Intolerance of Uncertainty and Worry
Jaeyeon Woo, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2020;28(4):195-201.   Published online December 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2020.28.4.195
  • 2,102 View
  • 43 Download
  • 1 Citations
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  • Predictors of anxiety and depression in Korean adults during COVID-19 pandemic
    Jung Nam Sohn
    The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education.2022; 28(3): 328.     CrossRef
The Mediating Effects of Shame Experience in the Relationship between Symptom Severity and Quality of Life in Individuals with Irritable Bowel Syndrome
I-Jin Choe, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2020;28(4):188-194.   Published online December 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2020.28.4.188
  • 1,962 View
  • 88 Download
Abstract PDF
Background

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of shame experience in the relationship between symptom severity and quality of life (QOL) in individuals with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

Methods

A total of 122 subjects who met the diagnostic criteria for IBS responded to a questionnaire measuring shame experience, symptom severity, and QOL.

Results

Study results revealed that shame experience, symptom severity, and QOL were all positively correlated with IBS. Further, shame experience partially mediated the relationship between severity of the symptoms and quality of life among individual’s suffering with IBS.

Conclusions

These results suggest the shame experience influences the process linking severity of IBS symptoms to low QOL. Therefore, it is important to promote sensitivity to the shame experience among IBS in various clinical situations. This paper includes limitations and suggestions for future research directions.

The Relationship between Borderline Personality Traits and Reactive Aggression: The Mediating Effect of Experiential Avoidance
Jiyeon Lee, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2020;28(4):262-268.   Published online December 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2020.28.4.262
  • 2,621 View
  • 76 Download
Abstract PDF
Background

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of experiential avoidance in the relationship between borderline personality traits and reactive aggression.

Methods

In total, 160 participants (male N=57, female N=103, mean age 25.3 years) completed the questionnaires measuring levels of borderline personality traits, experiential avoidance, and reactive aggression.

Results

First, borderline personality traits had a significantly positive effect on experiential avoidance and reactive aggression. Experiential avoidance also had a positive effect on reactive aggression. Second, experiential avoidance had mediating effect between borderline personality traits and reactive aggression.

Conclusions

Based on the results of this study, it was confirmed that borderline personality traits could activate experiential avoidance, which leads to an increase in reactive aggression. Furthermore, current results suggested that in the treatment of reactive aggression in borderline personality traits, it was important to deal with experiential avoidance.

The Effect of Self-Compassion Writing on Self-Discrepancy, Social Anxiety, and Skin-Related Quality of Life in Adults with Acne Vulgaris
Chan Woo Lee, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2020;28(4):300-308.   Published online December 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2020.28.4.300
  • 1,867 View
  • 51 Download
Abstract PDF
Background

Although adults with acne vulgaris suffer from various psychological difficulties, limited therapeutic research has been conducted on this topic. This study examined the effect of self-compassion writing on self-discrepancy, social anxiety, and skin-related quality of life in these adults.

Methods

A total of 46 adults were assigned to one of three groups: self-compassion writing group (n=16), distraction writing group (n=15), and control group (n=15). Treatment included 20 minutes of writing in 6 sessions conducted over two weeks. A follow-up test was conducted two weeks after the post-test.

Results

The results indicated that the self-compassion writing group showed a significant decrease in self-discrepancy and social anxiety and a borderline significant increase in skin-related quality of life as compared to the control group.

Conclusions

Based on the results of this study, self-compassion writing could be an effective self-instructional intervention for adults with acne vulgaris. The limitations and suggestions for further studies have been discussed in this study.

Orthorexia Nervosa, Fear of Obesity
Hwi-Bin Cho, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2020;28(2):68-75.   Published online June 30, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2020.28.2.68
  • 1,729 View
  • 41 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background

The following study was designed to identify the aspects of orthorexia nervosa in Korea and the relationship between orthorexia nervosa and fear of obesity to establish the basis for diagnosis of orthorexia nervosa.

Methods

We collected Dusseldorf Orthorexia Scale (DOS), perceived suspectibility and severity to obesity, fear of obesity, Korean Overall Body Esteem Scale (K-OBES), body mass index (BMI), subjective evaluation of obesity degree, body satisfaction, reason for diet and demographic characteristics from 321 adults and then analyzed the data using SPSS 23.0.

Results

The results showed that perceived severity to obesity and subjective evaluation of obesity degree was negatively correlated with DOS and had significant effect on DOS. These findings suggest orthorexia nervosa is not behavior to prevent and manage obesity. Also, the relationship between DOS and demographic characteristics such as gender and age and psychological variable such as fear of obesity, body esteem and satisfaction was not significant.

Conclusions

Orthorexia nervsoa is an independent condition that distinguishes it from anorexia nervosa, which shows a fear of obesity, a disturbance in the way to experience their body and difference between sex. Last, the limitations and implication for future work are discussed.

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  • The Prevalence of Orthorexia Nervosa in Polish and Lebanese Adults and Its Relationship with Sociodemographic Variables and BMI Ranges: A Cross-Cultural Perspective
    Anna Brytek-Matera, Hala Sacre, Anna Staniszewska, Souheil Hallit
    Nutrients.2020; 12(12): 3865.     CrossRef
The Effects of Loneliness on Paranoia: A Mediating Effect of Self-Concept
Moonseob Park, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2020;28(2):84-89.   Published online June 30, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2020.28.2.84
  • 1,940 View
  • 73 Download
Abstract PDF
Background

Although there is a relationship between paranoia and loneliness in several studies, the mechanisms that explain how loneliness augments paranoia remain unclear. The study investigates the effects of self-concept in the relationship between loneliness and paranoia.

Methods

149 participants (male N=70, female N=79, mean age: 22.05 years) completed the questionnaires measuring levels of loneliness, self-concept, and paranoia.

Results

Data from this study show that loneliness has a significantly negative effect on self-concept and positive effect on paranoia. Self-concept has a significantly negative effect on paranoia. Also, it was analyzed that meditating effect on self-concept is significant on the relationship between loneliness and paranoia

Conclusions

Based on the result of this study, it was confirmed that loneliness could activate self-concept negatively, which leads to an increase in paranoia. Also, current results suggested that in the treatment of paranoia, it was important to deal with feeling of loneliness as well as intervention in self-concept.

The Mediating Effect of Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategy on the Relationship between Emotion Malleability Beliefs and Depression, Anxiety in Individual with Generalized Anxiety Tendency
Hyeong Taek Kim, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2019;27(4):337-343.   Published online December 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2019.27.4.337
  • 2,054 View
  • 59 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of cognitive emotion regulation strategy on the relationship between emotion malleability beliefs and depression, and between emotion malleability beliefs and anxiety in Individuals with GAD (Generalized anxiety disorder) symptoms.

Methods:

The 103 individuals with GAD symptoms respond to the questionnaires measuring emotion malleability beliefs, cognitive emotion regulation strategy, depression, anxiety.

Results:

Data from this study show that maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategy mediates the effect of emotion malleability beliefs on depression and anxiety. Adaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategy has no mediating effect on them.

Conclusions:

These results suggest that making the individuals with GAD have emotion malleability beliefs or educating them on emotion regulation strategy may not be enough. Therefore, practical intervention is needed in the overall emotion regulation. Finally, this paper includes implications, limitations, and suggestions for the future study.

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  • Exploring the Major Factors Affecting Generalized Anxiety Disorder in Korean Adolescents: Based on the 2021 Korea Youth Health Behavior Survey
    Mi-Lyang Kim, Kyulee Shin
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(15): 9384.     CrossRef
Forgiveness as a Mediator of the Revictimization between Childhood Trauma and Adulthood Dating Violence Victimization
Myo-Gyeong Seo, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2019;27(4):431-440.   Published online December 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2019.27.4.431
  • 1,778 View
  • 48 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

Childhood trauma is frequently associated with dating violence or intimate partner violence victimization in adulthood. To investigated the role of forgiveness on revictimization in close relationship, We tested the mediating effects with the three components of dispositional forgiveness-self, other, situation on the relationship between childhood trauma and adulthood dating violence victimization.

Methods:

We measured childhood trauma experience (CTQ), dating violence victimization in adulthood (CTS-Ⅱ), and self, other, situation forgiveness (HFS), among unmarried women in their 20~30s who have been dating at least once.

Results:

The results showed that self-forgiveness partially mediated the relationship between childhood trauma and adulthood dating violence victimization. However, there was no significant mediating effect of other and situation forgiveness.

Conclusions:

These findings suggest that the experience of childhood trauma can lower the level of self-forgiveness, and then increase the risk of dating violence victimization in adulthood. So, the interventions to facilitate self-forgiveness can help overcome interpersonal trauma and prevent revictimization in close relationships. Finally, the implications and limitations were discussed with suggestions for further research.

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  • Influence of Direct and Indirect Domestic Violence on Dating Violence Victimization
    Sukkyung You, Minkyung Kwon
    Journal of Interpersonal Violence.2022; : 088626052211209.     CrossRef
The Effects of the Group Anger Regulation CBT on Sexual Cognitive Distortions and Rape Proclivity
Sewon Kim, Ji-Eun Gong, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2019;27(2):183-190.   Published online June 30, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2019.27.2.183
  • 1,482 View
  • 35 Download
Abstract PDF
Background:

The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of anger regulation cognitive behavior therapy on sexual cognitive distortions and rape proclivity on sexual offenders.

Methods:

The participants were sexual offenders who are currently imprisoned. The 37 participants were randomly assigned to either treatment group (n=18) or control group (n=19). The treatment group was administered 5 sessions (120-minute each). The program included how to recognize anger and practiced effective strategies to deal with it. All participants completed questionnaires at baseline and post-treatment.

Results:

No significant pre-post differences in anger, sexual cognitive distortions and rape proclivity were found between treatment group and control group.

Conclusions:

The findings suggest that anger regulation program is not enough to make significant differences in anger, sexual cognitive distortions and rape proclivity. However this study shows the potential possibilities of combination of anger regulation treatment and current CBT programs that would make current correcting programs for sex offenders more effective. Limitations and suggestions for further studies were proposed at the end.

The Effects of Neuroticism on Postpartum Depression: A Dual Mediating Effect of Gratitude and Parenting Stress
Yuji Lee, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2019;27(2):191-198.   Published online June 30, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2019.27.2.191
  • 2,114 View
  • 30 Download
  • 4 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of gratitude and parenting stress in the relationship between neuroticism and postpartum depression.

Methods:

155 respondents(mean age: 32.54 years) who were 4 weeks or more and 1 year or less postpartum completed surveys that measured levels of neuroticism, gratitude, parenting stress, and postpartum depression.

Results:

First, it shows that gratitude and parenting stress had partial mediating effect between neuroticism and postpartum depression each. Second, it was analyzed that gratitude and parenting stress had dual mediating effect between neuroticism and postpartum depression.

Conclusions:

Based on the results of this study, it was confirmed that neuroticism could inhibit the development of gratitude, and that leads to an increase in parenting stress, leading to postpartum depression. Also, current results suggest that gratitude intervention and dealing with parenting stress in the treatment and prevention of postpartum depression is important. This paper includes limitations, implications, and suggestions for the future study.

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  • Mediating effect of Maternal and Paternal Family Relationship between Neuroticism and Postpartum Depression: The Actor-Partner Interdependence Mediation Model
    Hye Gyeong Seo, Suk-Sun Kim
    Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.2021; 30(4): 400.     CrossRef
  • Depression and stress in Korean parents: A cohort study
    Hyeji Yoo, Sukhee Ahn, Jiwon Oh, Seyeon Park, Jisoon Kim, Minseon Koh
    Applied Nursing Research.2021; 62: 151519.     CrossRef
  • Factors influencing prenatal and postpartum depression in Korea: a prospective cohort study
    Hyeji Yoo, Sukhee Ahn, Seyeon Park, Jisoon Kim, Jiwon Oh, Minseon Koh
    Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing.2021; 27(4): 326.     CrossRef
  • Forgiveness as a Mediator of the Revictimization between Childhood Trauma and Adulthood Dating Violence Victimization
    Myo-Gyeong Seo, Myoung-Ho Hyun
    Stress.2019; 27(4): 431.     CrossRef
The Influence of Covert Narcissistic Tendency on Interpersonal Satisfaction: The Mediating Effect of Ambivalence over Emotional Expressiveness
Hye Ji Yun, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2018;26(4):332-339.   Published online December 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2018.26.4.332
  • 1,813 View
  • 37 Download
Abstract PDF
Background:

The purpose of this study was to explore the mediating effect of ambivalence over emotional expressiveness on the relationship between covert narcissistic tendency of adults in their twenties and the satisfaction of interpersonal relations.

Methods:

194 male and female adults in their twenties completed the self-report questionnaires on covert narcissism, ambivalence over emotional expressiveness, and interpersonal satisfaction. A mediated model was tested using the SPSS Macro by Hayes.

Results:

We verified that the ambivalence over emotional expressiveness played a mediating role in the relationship between covert narcissistic tendency and interpersonal satisfaction. In terms of the characteristics of relationship, except for the superior person, the relationship between lover/spouse and friends/colleagues showed the mediating effect between covert narcissism and interpersonal satisfaction.

Conclusions:

The covert narcissistic tendency itself affects low interpersonal satisfaction, but the ambivalence over emotional expressiveness affects low interpersonal satisfaction when the covert narcissist interacts with lover/spouse, friends/colleagues. We discussed the directions of intervention for the covert narcissist having low satisfaction in relationships, limitations and future suggestions of this research.

The Mediating Effect of Cognitive Flexibility in the Relationship between Emotional Clarity and Emotion Regulation: Comparison of Self-Reported and Task Measurement of Cognitive Flexibility
Soomin Kim, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2018;26(3):159-165.   Published online September 30, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2018.26.3.159
  • 1,927 View
  • 73 Download
  • 2 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

This study investigates the function of cognitive flexibility in the relationship between emotional clarity and emotion regulation and examines the differential effect between belief and ability for cognitive flexibility on them.

Methods:

The 151 participants respond to the questionnaires measuring emotional clarity, emotion regulation, and cognitive flexibility, which is also measured by task reflecting on real ability.

Results:

Data from this study show that self-reported cognitive flexibility mediates the effect of emotional clarity on emotion regulation. Cognitive flexibility measured by task has no mediating effect on them.

Conclusions:

These results suggest the cognitive flexibility play a role in the mechanism linking emotional clarity to emotion regulation and belief of own’s ability to cope flexibly is more important than real ability. Finally, this paper includes implications, limitations, and suggestions for the future study.

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  • Cognitive Flexibility as a Mediator Between Nature Relatedness and Emotion Appraisal Among Adolescents
    V.R. Akshayalakshmi, M. Vinothkumar
    Ecopsychology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • An Intervention Program Targeting Daily Adaptive Skills Through Executive Function Training for Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Pilot Study
    Joo Hyun Kim, Young Ah Kim, Da-Yea Song, Hwi Bin Cho, Han Bit Lee, Ji Hye Park, Jung In Lim, Min Hee Hong, Paul Kyuman Chae, Hee Jeong Yoo
    Psychiatry Investigation.2021; 18(6): 513.     CrossRef
Exploring the Posttraumatic Growth in Korean Children and Adolescents Using the Korean Version of Posttraumatic Growth Inventory for Children-Revised
Gyurim Kang, Hyojeong Na, Jay Song, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2018;26(3):193-200.   Published online September 30, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2018.26.3.193
  • 1,962 View
  • 44 Download
Abstract PDF
Background:

The present study aimed to explore psychometric properties of Korean version of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory for Children-Revised (PTGI-C-R), and related variables.

Methods:

The PTGI-C-R was translated into Korean and 716 children and adolescents in a general population sample completed a self-report battery.

Results:

361 participants reported experiencing of traumatic event and 145 among them showed clinical symptoms. In clinical group, Korean version of PTGI-C-R has exhibited good internal consistency and construct validity. Those who experienced traumatic event reported more PTG than unexperienced group. PTG was positively related with resilience, optimism, and rumination, but negatively related with depression and anxiety, also nonlinearly related with intensity of perceived stress.

Conclusions:

This study found the distinct changes of PTG from normative maturation by comparing those who experienced traumatic event and those who did not.

A Moderating Effect of Adaptive Cognitive Emotion Regulation on the Relationship between Internalized Shame and Adaption to College of Chinese International Students
Hae-kyung Koo, Yun-Kyung Cho, Hee-Joong Kim, Myoung-Ho Hyun, Xinyu Gu
STRESS. 2017;25(4):233-238.   Published online December 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.4.233
  • 1,671 View
  • 14 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

The purpose of present study was to examine a relation between internalized shame and adaption to college life of Chinese international students and to identify a moderating role of adaptive cognitive emotion regulation on this relation. 

Methods:

A sample of 173 Chinese international students in Seoul was recruited to answer the questionnaires of internalized shame, adaptive cognitive emotion regulation (acceptance & positive reappraisal) and adaption to college. 

Results:

Internalized shame showed a significant negative correlation with adaption to college. So, the higher internalized shame was, the lower adaption to college showed. And the internalized shame was negative effect on level of adaption to college when level of acceptance was high, but the effect of internalized shame on adaptation to college was disappeared when level of acceptance was low. The similar result was also found in positive reappraisal. So, the moderating effect of acceptance and positive reappraisal on the relation between internalized shame and adaption to college was confirmed.

Conclusions:

These results suggest that during clinical intervention, practitioners should consider internalized shame as a risk factor and cognitive emotion regulation as a protective factor when dealing with foreign students’ adaption in college.  

Citations

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  • Does Compassion-Focused Therapy-Based Online Intervention Work for Chinese International Students With High Self-Criticism? A Randomized Controlled Trail
    Xinyu Gu, Shasha Li, Myoung-Ho Hyun
    SAGE Open.2022; 12(3): 215824402211215.     CrossRef
The Moderating Role of Binge Drinking on the Self-Assertiveness-Sexual Victimization Relationship among College Students
Hyeon-gi Hong, Hee-song Kim, Jung-eun Lee, Sue-hyun Jung, Hyung-ki Ji, Ki-pyoung Kim, Chu-yun Pyo, Jong-han Kim, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2017;25(2):93-97.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.2.93
  • 1,462 View
  • 14 Download
  • 2 Citations
Abstract PDF

본 연구는 대학생의 자기 주장성과 폭음 수준이 성폭력 피해를 예측하는지 알아보았고, 폭음 수준이 자기 주장성과 성폭력 피해 여부 간에 조절 역할을 하는지 탐색해 보았다. 대학생 405명이 연구에 참여하였고 익명성 보장을 위해 모바일 기반 설문 응답을 사용하였다. 설문지에 응답하지 않은 12명의 참여자를 제외한 393명(남: 161명, 여: 232명)의 자료를 분석하였다. 로지스틱 회귀분석을 통하여 자기 주장성, 폭음 수준, 자기 주장성과 폭음의 상호작용을 예측 변인으로, 성폭력 피해여부를 기준 변인으로 설정하여 분석하였다. 분석 결과 자기 주장성과 폭음 수준이 성폭력 피해 확률을 유의하게 예측하는 것으로 나타났다. 즉, 자기 주장성 수준이 낮을수록, 폭음 수준이 높을수록 성폭력 피해 확률이 유의함을 나타냈다. 또한 자기 주장성과 폭음의 상호작용이 성폭력 피해 확률을 유의하게 예측하였다. 상호작용에 대한 단순 주 효과 분석을 실시한 결과 폭음 수준이 낮은 집단의 경우 자기 주장성이 성폭력 피해 확률을 유의하게 예측한 반면, 폭음 수준이 높은 집단의 경우 자기 주장성이 성폭력 피해 확률을 유의하게 예측하지 않는 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 결과를 통하여 대학생의 성폭력 피해 예방을 위한 프로그램 적용 시 자기 주장성 훈련만이 아니라 건전한 음주 교육이 병행되어야 할 것을 제안하였다.

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  • Factors Related to Intimate Partner Violence and Survivors’ Help-Seeking among College Students in South Korea
    Hyunkag Cho, Jongserl Chun, Ilan Kwon, Dong Ha Kim, Myung-Yong Um, Heesuk Chang, Jisuk Seon
    Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma.2020; 29(3): 365.     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated With Types of Sexual Assault Victimization and Bystander Behavior Among South Korean University Students
    Dong Ha Kim, Myung-Yong Um, Hyunkag Cho, Eui Bhin Lee, Jong Serl Chun, Heesuk Chang
    Violence and Victims.2019; 34(6): 952.     CrossRef
The Effect of Long Working Hours on Binge Eating Behavior: The Mediating Effects of Negative Emotions
Dasol Kim, Jimin Kim, Jiyeon Shin, Seung-cheol Kim, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2017;25(1):17-22.   Published online March 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.1.17
  • 1,490 View
  • 33 Download
  • 3 Citations
Abstract PDF

The current study investigates the mediating effect of negative emotions (depression, anxiety, and anger) in the relationship between long working hours and binge eating behavior in order to examine the effect of long working hours on individual health. Two hundred four workers completed questionnaire about working hours, depression, anger, anxiety, and binge eating behavior. Results confirmed the most employees work more than 10 hours at least once a month. Additionally, it was found that depression, anger, and anxiety all partially mediate the relationship between long working hours and binge eating behavior. The results indicate that long working hours influences negative emotions that leads to binge eating behavior.

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  • Revision of Nutrition Quotient for Korean adults: NQ-2021
    Sung-Min Yook, Young-Suk Lim, Jung-Sug Lee, Ki-Nam Kim, Hyo-Jeong Hwang, Sehyug Kwon, Ji-Yun Hwang, Hye-Young Kim
    Journal of Nutrition and Health.2022; 55(2): 278.     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Stress and Anxiety Caused by COVID-19 on the Quality of Life of Small Business Owners in an Area
    Hae Ok Kim, Hyoen Jeong Kim, Hye Ji Jo
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2022; 33(3): 279.     CrossRef
  • A study on the Correlation between Quality of Sleep and Dry eye in Workers
    Hye-Won Park, Tae-Hun Kim
    The Korean Journal of Vision Science.2018; 20(1): 77.     CrossRef
The Effect of the Growth-Writing Program on Anxiety, Powerlessness, Hope, and Guilt in Mother of Children with Cancer
Eunsun Jeong, Jeongsun Heo, Myoung-Ho Hyun
STRESS. 2017;25(1):23-29.   Published online March 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.1.23
  • 2,070 View
  • 32 Download
  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF

This study compared the effectiveness of group growth-writing program on anxiety, powerlessness, hope and guilt of mother with pediatric cancer patient with those of waiting-list control group. Participants were assigned to two groups: a growth-writing group (N=14), a waiting-list control group (N=14). At baseline, post-treatment and follow-up, all participants completed questionnaires. The growth-writing program was delivered in three sessions. As a result, growth-writing group showed significant decrease in anxiety, guilt and significant increase in hope compared to the waiting-list control group without any activities. However, powerlessness did not have significant change. This study examined that growth-writing could be an effective intervention for mothers with the pediatric cancer patients. Limitations and suggestions for further studies were included.

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  • The Effect of Self-Compassion Writing on Self-Discrepancy, Social Anxiety, and Skin-Related Quality of Life in Adults with Acne Vulgaris
    Chan Woo Lee, Myoung-Ho Hyun
    Stress.2020; 28(4): 300.     CrossRef
The Mediating Effect of Experiential Avoidance on the Relationship between Undergraduate Student’s Motives for Using SNS and SNS Addiction Tendency: Focused on Facebook
Yoanna Seong, Myoung-Ho Hyun
Korean J Str Res. 2016;24(4):257-263.   Published online December 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2016.24.4.257
  • 2,155 View
  • 38 Download
  • 7 Citations
Abstract PDF

The present study investigates the mediating effect of experiential avoidance on the relationship between undergraduate student’s motives for using Social Network Service (SNS) and SNS addiction tendency. The current study focuses on Facebook as it is the leading SNS in Korea, and the motives for using Facebook are consisted of communication, information seeking, entertainment, self-confirmation and companionship. The total data of 279 undergraduate students (male N=103, M=21.94, SD=2.76) were analyzed. The results of the study validated that all of the motives for using Facebook are positively related to SNS addiction tendency. Experiential avoidance is also positively associated with SNS addiction tendency. Moreover, the mediating effect of experiential avoidance is significant on the relationship between motives for using SNS and SNS addiction tendency except for entertainment and companionship motives. The implications and limitations of the study were discussed.

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  • The Relationship between the Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) of College Students and their College Life Adaptation: The Sequential Mediating Effects of Experiential Avoidance and Smartphone Overdependence
    Su Jeong, Im, Ji Hyun, Oh
    The Korean Journal of Community Living Science.2024; 35(1): 111.     CrossRef
  • Yaşantısal Kaçınma ile Dijital Bağımlılık İlişkisinde Dijital Araç Kullanımının Aracılık Rolü
    Şükrü BALCI, Elif KAYA
    Türkiye İletişim Araştırmaları Dergisi.2023; (44): 1.     CrossRef
  • Social Anxiety and Social Networking Service Addiction Proneness in University Students: The Mediating Effects of Experiential Avoidance and Interpersonal Problems
    Sung-Su Kim, Sung-Man Bae
    Psychiatry Investigation.2022; 19(6): 462.     CrossRef
  • The Mediating Effect of Social Anxiety between Insecure Adult Attachment and SNS Addiction Tendency of University Student: A Multiple Group Analysis by Gender
    Sang-Hwi KANG, Hyun-Sook KIM
    JOURNAL OF FISHRIES AND MARINE SCIENCES EDUCATION.2021; 33(1): 123.     CrossRef
  • An emotional and cognitive model of problematic Internet use among college students: The full mediating role of cognitive factors
    Nasrin Faghani, Mehdi Akbari, Jafar Hasani, Claudia Marino
    Addictive Behaviors.2020; 105: 106252.     CrossRef
  • Analysis of Factors Related to Social Network Service Addiction Among Korean High School Students
    Mi-Ran Kim, Jae-Woo Oh, Bo-Yun Huh
    Journal of Addictions Nursing.2020; 31(3): 203.     CrossRef
  • The Mediating Effects of Multidimensional Experiential Avoidance on the Relationship between Stress and Internet/Smartphone Addiction in Adolescents
    Hyejeen Lee
    Korean Journal of Stress Research.2017; 25(4): 279.     CrossRef

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