Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

STRESS : STRESS

Sumissioin : submit your manuscript
SEARCH
Search

Author Index

Page Path
HOME > Browse articles > Author Index
Search
KyungHun Han 1 Article
The Role of Attentional Bias and Event-Related Ruminations in Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms and Posttraumatic Growth
Hae Lim Noh, KyungHun Han, Eun-Jung Shim
STRESS. 2018;26(3):123-132.   Published online September 30, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2018.26.3.123
  • 1,765 View
  • 48 Download
  • 2 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between attentional bias to threat and positive stimuli (i.e., facilitated attentional engagement, difficulty in attentional disengagement, and attentional avoidance) and event-related rumination, and to examine whether the latter mediated the relationship between attentional bias and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) in individuals with traumatic experiences.

Methods:

A total of 70 college students with traumatic experiences participated in the study. Attentional bias to threat and positive stimuli was measured by employing a spatial cueing task. Other variables were assessed using self-report measures including The Impact of Event-Related Scale-Revised, Event-Related Rumination Inventory, Post-traumatic Growth Inventory, and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory.

Results:

The results indicated that attentional avoidance was significantly associated with intrusive rumination, whereas none of the three aspects of attention bias was associated with deliberate rumination. Furthermore, attentional avoidance was related to increased intrusive rumination, which in turn, was associated with increased PTSS. Additionally, difficulty in attentional disengagement from threat stimuli was associated with finding new possibilities, one aspect of a PTG, even after controlling for the impact of deliberate rumination.

Conclusions:

The current results suggest that therapeutic interventions aimed at helping individuals not to avoid but accept their traumatic experience may be effective to overcome trauma and facilitate PTG among individuals with traumatic experiences.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Effects of a Remote Videoconferencing-based Expressive Writing Program on Posttraumatic Stress, Resilience, and Post-traumatic Growth among Traumatized Nurses
    Nam Hee Chae, Ji Young Kim
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration.2024; 30(2): 152.     CrossRef
  • Cognitive biases in perceptions of posttraumatic growth: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Tricia Gower, Julie Pham, Ernest N. Jouriles, David Rosenfield, Holly J. Bowen
    Clinical Psychology Review.2022; 94: 102159.     CrossRef

STRESS : STRESS