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Kyung-Sook Bang 2 Articles
Trauma-Informed Care for Children: A Scoping Review
Kyung-Sook Bang, Ji-Hye Choe, Sinyoung Choi, Yeseul Jeong, Sungjae Kim
STRESS. 2024;32(2):94-103.   Published online June 28, 2024
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Abstract PDF
Trauma-informed care involves providing services to traumatized patients with an understanding of and sensitivity to their experiences. This scoping review examines the literature concerning trauma-informed care for children.
We conducted a comprehensive literature search across domestic (RISS, NDSL, KISS, and DBpia) and international (PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and PsycINFO) databases. The search terms were “trauma,” “PTSD,” “trauma-informed,” “trauma-focused,” “trauma-sensitive,” “newborn,” “neonate,” “premature infant,” “infant,” “child,” “adolescent,” “teen,” “juvenile,” “adolescence,” “pediatric,” and “nursing”. The final selection comprised 18 documents that were analyzed for general characteristics (publication year, study country, academic sector, research design, and data collection method), population demographics, variables, and measurement tools.
Literature on this topic considerably increased since 2017, with the United States being the predominant research hub (50.0%) and nursing representing the primary academic sector (55.6%). The research designs were mainly quantitative (33.3%) and mixed-method studies (33.3%). Quantitative studies predominantly utilized surveys, while qualitative research employed observations, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions. Most of the participants were nurses, doctors, and allied health professionals. As a result of analyzing the main variables measured in the literature through WordCloud, variables such as “stress,” “care,” and “knowledge” had the highest frequency. Three studies incorporated or adapted tools to assess trauma-informed care.
The findings of this review serve as foundational data for proposing future research trajectories in trauma-informed care and for enhancing awareness and strategic planning in clinical practice.
An Analysis of Research on Parenting Stress of Unmarried Mothers in Korea
Kyung-Sook Bang, Sungjae Kim, Yeseul Jeong, Min Kyung Song, Gumhee Lee, Jihee Lim
STRESS. 2019;27(4):287-297.   Published online December 31, 2019
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  • 148 Download
  • 3 Citations
Abstract PDF

The purpose of this study was to analyze current research trends on parenting stress of unmarried mothers in Korea and explore the related concepts.


For searching the literature, KMbase, Korea Med, RISS, NDSL was used. Fourteen studies from 2009 to 2019 were selected, and National Institute of Health (NIH) Study Quality Assessment Tool (SQAT) was applied.


Among the 14 studies, most frequently used study design was correlational study (64.3%), and majority of the study (78.6%) was conducted in the field of social welfare. Only one study was found in the nursing journal. Related concepts can be categorized as individual (cognitive, emotional, and behavioral) factors, and social/environmental factors. Among these, self-esteem, parenting self-efficacy, and health perception in cognitive concept domain, depression in emotional concept domain, parenting behavior in behavioral domain, and lastly, social and interpersonal support were studied as related factors with parenting stress. Overall parenting stress level was higher than moderate, and it was positively related to depression, and negatively related to health perception and social support. Various study tools were used even the original foreign tool was the same, thereby comparisons among studies were difficult.


Future studies are suggested to explore unmarried mother’s physical health problems as well as emotional problems, and to develop reliable measurement tools which can be used in Korean situation. Also, various nursing intervention programs for health promotion and child rearing competence for unmarried mothers should be developed.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Resilience and Well-Being of Korean Unwed Mothers: A Moderated Mediation Model
    Hyeseong Kang, Sandra A. Rigazio-DiGilio, Charles M. Super, Linda C. Halgunseth
    Journal of Child and Family Studies.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Development of a Health Promotion Program for Unmarried Mothers Living in Residential Facilities Using Urban Forests: An Intervention Mapping Approach Based on the Transtheoretical Model
    Kyung-Sook Bang, Sungjae Kim, Gumhee Lee, Sinyoung Choi, Da-Ae Shin, Misook Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(16): 8684.     CrossRef
  • An Integrative Review of Interventions to Improve Parenting Competenciesof Unmarried Mothers Living in Residential Facilities in Korea
    Gumhee Lee, Yeseul Jeong, Kyung-Sook Bang, Sungjae Kim, Misook Kim, Da-ae Shin
    Perspectives in Nursing Science.2020; 17(1): 28.     CrossRef