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Kyung-Ae Kim 1 Article
The Effect of Optimism Intervention and Implementation Intention on Depression, Optimism, Subjective Well-Being, Self-Efficacy in College Students
Kyung-Ae Kim
STRESS. 2019;27(1):64-73.   Published online March 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2019.27.1.64
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Abstract PDF
Background:

This study examined the effect of optimism intervention consisting of writing and mental imagery about best possible self (BPS) and implementation intention on depression, optimism, subjective well-being, self-efficacy in college students.

Methods:

Sixty depressive college students were randomly assigned to BPS condition (n=21), BPS & implementation intention condition (n=20), and control condition (n=19). Depression, optimism, emotional well-being, cognitive well-being, self-efficacy were measured before and after each intervention. The pre-and post-survey data were analyzed through ANCOVA.

Results:

The results showed that compared to the control intervention, BPS intervention led to significantly larger decrease in depression and significantly larger increase in optimism, emotional well-being, cognitive well-being, and self-efficacy. Compared to the control intervention, BPS & implementation intention intervention led to significantly larger decrease in depression and significantly larger increase in optimism and emotional well-being.

Conclusions:

These findings suggest that optimism intervention and implementation intention has therapeutic implication in depressed group. Finally, the clinical implications and limitation of the present study were discussed.


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