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Jung-Ho Kim 6 Articles
The Relation between Social Anxiety, Self-Focused Attention and State Anxiety: The Moderated Mediation Effect of the Self-image on a Screen
TaeHo Um, Mirihae Kim, Jung-Ho Kim
STRESS. 2022;30(4):234-243.   Published online December 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2022.30.4.234
  • 1,126 View
  • 53 Download
Abstract PDF
Background
This study examined how seeing one’s own image during video communication affects the cognitive process of social anxiety.
Methods
Fifty-two university students were recruited and assessed for social anxiety and dispositional self-focused attention. They were randomly assigned to different exposure and size settings of self-images on a screen (none, middle, big). Subsequently, a simulated video interview was conducted. During the experiment, changes in state anxiety (subjective anxiety, heart rate) and state self-focused attention were assessed.
Results
First, self-focused attention mediated the effect of social anxiety on subjective anxiety. Second, the mediation effect of state self-focused attention on social anxiety’s influence on subjective anxiety was not moderated by the exposure and size of the self-image on the screen. Third, the mediation effect of dispositional self-focused attention on social anxiety’s influence on subjective anxiety was moderated by the exposure and size of the self-image on the screen. The moderated mediation effects of the exposure and size of the self-image on the screen were significant for middle and big sizes.
Conclusions
These findings suggest that dispositional self-focused attention—a cognitive characteristic of social anxiety—can interact with the exposure and size of a self-image on a screen, causing higher anxiety.
The Comparison of Effects of Mindfulness Meditation Group Therapy and Mindfulness Meditation Group Therapy Added Self-Compassion Meditation for the Female Patients Suffering from Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain
Yena Park, Jung-Ho Kim, Mirihae Kim
STRESS. 2019;27(4):412-421.   Published online December 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2019.27.4.412
  • 1,699 View
  • 66 Download
Abstract PDF
Background:

Choric Musculoskeletal pain patients suffer from emotional distress such as depression and anxiety and also experience much more discomfort in their lives. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a Mindfulness meditation group therapy and Mindfulness meditation group therapy added Compassion meditation on pain, quality of life, and psychological features in Chronic Musculoskeletal pain patients.

Methods:

20 participants received 7 weekly sessions in mindfulness meditation training program, which take about 90 minutes each. Only Compassion Meditation group received 20 minutes added program. Measures included Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Quality of life (WHOQOL-BRIF), Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Y (STAI-Y), Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-16 (AAQ-16), Experiences Questionnaire (EQ), Life Satisfaction Expectancy scales (LSES). All the variables were measured at three time points: pre, post, and follow up implementation.

Results:

The t-test results of the participants before and after the Mindfulness Meditation group showed statistically significant improvement in their Pain (t=2.64, p<.05), Depression (t=5.579, p<.05), and State Anxiety (t=2.223, p<.05), but not in another positive psychological features. Added Compassion Meditation group showed statistically significant improvement all of measures (Pain: t=3.180, p<.01, Quality of life: t=4.781, p<.01, Depression: t=2.208, p<.01, State Anxiety: t=3.838, p<.01, Trait Anxiety: t=3.208, p<.01, Acceptance: t=−2.635, p<.05, Experience: t=−3.041, p<.01, Life satisfaction: t=−2.23, p<.05). The follow-up implementation showed the persistence of beneficial changes.

Conclusions:

Added compassion meditation is more effective than mindfulness meditation for chronic musculoskeletal pain. There are greater benefits for alleviating pain, improving quality of life and other psychological features that can be gained from performing added compassion meditation rather than doing mindfulness meditation solely.

The Effects of Self-Compassion Program on Internalized Shame and Subjective Well-Being in Female University Students with Depressive Mood
Min Jeong Kang, Jung-Ho Kim, Mirihae Kim
STRESS. 2019;27(4):464-471.   Published online December 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2019.27.4.464
  • 2,293 View
  • 51 Download
  • 3 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of self-compassion program on depressive mood, internalized shame and subjective well-being in female university students with depressive Mood.

Methods:

Two groups are composed of experimental group (N=14) which is divided to High Shame Group (N=7), Low Shame Group (N=7) and control group (N=8) composed of High Shame Group (N=4), Low Shame Group (N=4). The experimental group participated twice a week, 60-minute Self-Compassion program session during 3 week.

Results:

First, Experimental group is lower depressive mood, internalized shame and higher life satisfaction expectancy than control group. But, There were no significant differences in life satisfaction, positive affect in experimental group. Second, Self compassion program is effective two group, High shame group and Low shame group.

Conclusions:

The finding supports the effect of Self-Compassion Program on depressive mood, internalized shame, subjective wellbeing.

Citations

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  • The road to greater well-being: exploring the impact of an undergraduate positive education course on university students’ well-being
    Olivia L. Pastore, Sarah McAllister, Michelle Fortier
    Discover Psychology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Spanish Version of the State Self-Compassion Scale–Long Form (SSCS–L): A Study of Its Validity and Reliability in a Sample of Nursing Students
    Laura Galiana, Mireia Guillén, Antonia Pades, Sarah L. Flowers, Gabriel Vidal-Blanco, Noemí Sansó
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(16): 10174.     CrossRef
  • The Mediating Effects of Shame Experience in the Relationship between Symptom Severity and Quality of Life in Individuals with Irritable Bowel Syndrome
    I-Jin Choe, Myoung-Ho Hyun
    Stress.2020; 28(4): 188.     CrossRef
The Development and Validation of the Relational Need Scales
Soo-Hyun Kang, Jung-Ho Kim, Mirihae Kim
STRESS. 2019;27(1):107-116.   Published online March 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2019.27.1.107
  • 1,747 View
  • 29 Download
Abstract PDFSupplementary Material
Background:

The purpose of this study was to develop and validate the relational need scale. Based on previous studies, we presumed that relational need is comprised of the two independent concepts of approch and avoidance.

Methods:

The preliminary items were selected through a series of processes and they were analyzed in terms of item content, response distribution and correlations with other measures. Exploratory factor analysis confirmed that approach and avoidance concepts were independent from each other.

Results:

As a result, the relational need scale was developed, consisting of 6 approach-type items for the relational need subscale and 11 items for the avoidance-type subscale. The two subscales are each subsumed by a one-factor model and a three-factor model, respectively. Specifically, the approach- type subscale has subfactors of ‘Intimate relationship tendency,’ whereas the avoidance-type subscale has the subfactors of ‘sensitivity to others evaluations,’ ‘sensitive to negative evaluations,’ and ‘awareness for others.’

Conclusions:

The internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and criterion-related validity of the scales were found to be adequate. This study revealed that the Korean version of relational need scale is reliable and valid. Finally, implications and limitations of this study and suggestions for future studies are discussed.

The Effects of a Self-Compassion Program on Body Satisfaction, Body Shame, Self-Esteem and Subjective Well-Being among Female University Students with Negative Body Image
Ye Ji Kwon, Jung-Ho Kim, Mirihae Kim
STRESS. 2018;26(4):296-304.   Published online December 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2018.26.4.296
  • 2,603 View
  • 71 Download
  • 4 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a Self-Compassion Program on body satisfaction, body shame, self-esteem and subjective well-being among female university students with negative body image.

Methods:

Study participants were composed of the top 35% of female college students on negative body image. The 25 participants were randomly assigned to either a treatment group (n=13) or a control group (n=12). The treatment group participated in weekly, 60-minute Self-Compassion Program sessions in a group format over a 6-week period.

Results:

Reports of body dissatisfaction and body shame decreased significantly more in the treatment group compared to the control group, while self-esteem, life satisfaction, and expected life satisfaction scores increased significantly more in the treatment group compared to the control group. There were no significant differences in positive affect and negative affect between groups at post treatment. The one-month follow-up results showed that the beneficial improvements were maintained.

Conclusions:

The findings support the efficacy of the Self-Compassion Program on body dissatisfaction, body shame and self-esteem.

Citations

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  • Psychosocial impact of hidradenitis suppurativa: a practical guide for clinicians
    Maximillian A. Weigelt, Sara F. Milrad, Joslyn R. S. Kirby, Hadar Lev-Tov
    Journal of Dermatological Treatment.2022; 33(4): 1861.     CrossRef
  • The Effects of Programs on Body-Image Improvement in Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Hyun Jung Yun, Kyoungsan Seo, Dallong Han
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2021; 51(5): 597.     CrossRef
  • A Study on the Factors Influencing the Body Dissatisfaction and Eating Disorders of Female Social Network Service Users: Focusing on Objectification theory and Social Comparison theory
    Dahee Kim, Minjung Park
    Fashion & Textile Research Journal.2020; 22(4): 469.     CrossRef
  • The Effects of Self-Compassion Program on Internalized Shame and Subjective Well-Being in Female University Students with Depressive Mood
    Min Jeong Kang, Jung-Ho Kim, Mirihae Kim
    STRESS.2019; 27(4): 464.     CrossRef
The Effects of the Motivation Management Program on Stress Response, Self-Efficacy and Subjective Well-Being among Female University Students with Academic and Career Stress
Ji-Hye Jang, Jung-Ho Kim, Mirihae Kim
STRESS. 2017;25(4):317-325.   Published online December 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2017.25.4.317
  • 1,737 View
  • 20 Download
  • 4 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

This study examined the effects of the Motivation Management Program on stress response (somatization, depression, and anger), self-efficacy and subjective well-being among female university students with academic and career stress.

Methods:

The participants were assigned to either a treatment group (N=12) or a control group (N=13). The Motivation Management Program treatment group was administered 6 sessions (80 minutes each, once a week).

Results:

The Stress Response, Somatization, Depression, Anger and Negative Affect scores in the treatment group decreased significantly compared with those in the control group, while the Satisfaction with Life and Positive Affect scores in treatment group increased significantly in comparison with those in the control group. No significant pre-post differences were found between groups in Self-Efficacy and Life Satisfaction Expectancy scores.

Conclusions:

The findings suggest that the motivation management program can help female University students reduce the stress response (somatization, depression, and anger) and improve the subjective well-being.

Citations

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  • Motherhood experiences of nurses receiving postgraduate education: A phenomenological research study
    Elif Erbay Ozdede, Hamide Zengin, Oznur Tiryaki, Nursan Cinar
    Nurse Education Today.2024; 139: 106227.     CrossRef
  • “And I surrender to maternity”: a poetic autoethnographic inquiry into juggling roles of a doctoral student mother during the pandemic
    Anh Ngoc Quynh Phan
    Journal of Poetry Therapy.2023; 36(2): 172.     CrossRef
  • Sojourning as a wife, a mother and a daughter: a critical autoethnography of a Vietnamese doctoral student in New Zealand
    Anh Ngoc Quynh Phan
    Journal of Gender Studies.2022; 31(1): 114.     CrossRef
  • In-Betweenness, Mother Guilt, and Juggling Roles: The Emotional Experiences of a Vietnamese International Doctoral Student Mother
    Anh Ngoc Quynh Phan
    The Educational Forum.2022; 86(4): 338.     CrossRef

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