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Jandi Kim 1 Article
The Role of Trauma in Addiction and Recovery: A Qualitative Meta-Synthesis
Jandi Kim, Misook Kim, Youjin Shin, Byunghee Kim, Sungjae Kim
STRESS. 2021;29(1):45-59.   Published online March 31, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2021.29.1.45
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Background

Trauma is a physically or emotionally harmful or life-threatening event that negatively affects well-being. Recently, a high correlation between trauma and substance addiction has been recognized. The aim of this study is to synthesize qualitative studies to understand the effects of trauma involved in the addiction and recovery process.

Methods

By searching qualitative studies about addiction and recovery, 17 Korean studies (80 subjects) were finally included in our analysis.

Results

We recorded the traumas experienced, and their effects on addiction and recovery. Trauma reduced self-esteem and triggered psychological pain, while addiction was perceived as a countermeasure. As the trauma became accepted, participants acknowledged themselves, realized the value of their existence, and formed trusting relationships with others. Recovery progressed as the trauma healed.

Conclusions

Our study facilitates a comprehensive and systematic understanding of the role of trauma on addiction.


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