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Jae Eun Yoo 1 Article
Effect of Calling, Meaning of Work, Job Stress, and Stress Coping on Organizational Commitment among Career Soldiers
Hye Won Kim, Jae Eun Yoo, Chung Hee Woo
STRESS. 2017;25(1):30-36.   Published online March 31, 2017
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The purpose of the study was to identify the effect of calling, meaning of work, job stress, and stress coping on organizational commitment among career soldiers. Data were collected from 160 career soldiers using a structured self-reported questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression. The results showed the mean scores were organizational commitment 3.72±0.80, calling 3.00±0.66, meaning of work 3.05±0.36, job stress 2.28±0.35, active stress coping 3.67±0.36, and passive stress coping 3.16±0.41 each. Organizational commitment had positive correlation with calling (r=.19, p=.019), meaning of work(r=.45, p<.001), and active stress coping (r=.44, p<.001); but negative correlation with job stress (r=−.53, p<.001). The affecting factors were job stress (β=−.36), active stress coping (β=.18), meaning of work (β=.17), monthly income (β=−.16) in order. The explained variances for organizational commitment was 37.0% among career soldiers. Therefore, in order to improve the organizational commitment of career soldiers, it is necessary to promote active coping skills to reduce job stress and to develop educational strategies to give meaning of work as a career soldier from the period of junior leaders.