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Ja-Hyun Kim 1 Article
Effectiveness of a Cognitive-Behavioral Stress Management Program on Psychosocial Stress, Mood State, and Ways of Coping for Emergency Department Nurses
Ja-Hyun Kim, Kuem-Sun Han
STRESS. 2021;29(2):87-96.   Published online June 30, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2021.29.2.87
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Abstract PDF
Background

The study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of a cognitive-behavioral stress management program on psychosocial stress, mood states, and ways of coping with stress for emergency department (ED) nurses.

Methods

The study design was a non-equivalent control group with a pre/post design. The study was conducted from July 1, to September 30, 2016. The sample population comprised nurses who work in ED in Seoul, South Korea. The sample size was 79 which included 39 in the experimental group and 40 in the control group. Seven sessions of a program (50 minutes/session) were provided over 4weeks. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics: the χ2-test and the t-test with the SPSS/WIN 21.0 program.

Results

There were statistically significant differences in psychosocial stress, mood states, and ways of coping with stress between the experimental group and the control group. However, the sub-hypothesis regarding the degree of using passive coping skills was not supported.

Conclusion

The results of this study indicate that a cognitive-behavioral stress management program for ED nurses is effective in reducing psychosocial stress, changing mood states positively, and improving ways of coping with stress effectively.


STRESS : STRESS