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Gyeong-Suk Jeon 1 Article
Gender Differences in Type D Personality and Mental Health among Korean College Entrants
Sunhee Cho, Gyeong-Suk Jeon
STRESS. 2018;26(3):133-139.   Published online September 30, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2018.26.3.133
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Abstract PDF
Background:

The purpose of this study was to explore gender differences in impacts of Type D personality on mental health among Korean college entrants.

Methods:

A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted. A sample size of 75 male and 138 female students residing in Jeonnam province completed the instruments of Type D personality, perceived stress, coping, and depressive symptoms. Data were analyzed by t-test and multiple regression.

Results:

Approximately 55.1% of female and 36.0% of male respondents were Type D. Perceived stress and depressive symptoms in Type D group were higher than in non-Type D group. Type D personality score was associated with perceived stress (β=0.40), problem focused coping (β=−0.32) among male college entrants. In female group, Type D personality score was associated with perceived stress (β=0.43), depressive symptoms (β=0.42), seeking social support (β=−0.25), and wishful thinking (β=0.20).

Conclusions:

Male and female college entrants with Type D personality are more vulnerable in mental health. In addition, there are gender differences in Type D personality, stress, and coping strategies. We suggest the need of gender perspective to develop mental health program for college students.


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