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Bong-keon Lee 2 Articles
Intolerance of Uncertainty, Negative Problem Orientation on Worry
Hae Ran Suh, Bong-Keon Lee
STRESS. 2018;26(4):350-355.   Published online December 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2018.26.4.350
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  • 1 Citations
Abstract PDF
Background:

The purpose of this study is to investigate the mediating effect of negative problem orientation in the association between intolerance uncertainty and worry.

Methods:

Participants who were 531 undergraduate students in Chungbuk were administered Intolerance Uncertainty Scale (IUS), Negative Problem Orientation (NPO; SPSI-R), Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ).

Results:

The results are as follows. Intolerance of uncertainty had statistically significant positive correlation with worry. Negative problem orientation had a partial mediating effect in the association between intolerance uncertainty and worry.

Conclusions:

This result suggested the importance of intolerance of uncertainty and negative problem orientation in psychological approach to university students who have difficulty in worry.

Effects of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on Pain, Pain Interference, and Life Satisfaction for the Elderly People with Chronic Pain
Jaesook Shin, Bong-keon Lee
STRESS. 2018;26(3):231-242.   Published online September 30, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2018.26.3.231
  • 162 View
  • 6 Download
Abstract PDF
Background:

The population of the aged has been rapidly increasing worldwide, and about 50% of them are under chronic pain by irreversible degenerative diseases. This study aimed to verify the effectiveness of ACT (Acceptance and Commitment Therapy) on pain, pain interference, and life satisfaction in people with chronic pain. In addition, this study proposed that anxiety, depression, self-efficacy, psychological inflexibility in pain, pain catastrophizing and kinesiophobia are mediating the effectiveness of ACT.

Methods:

Participants of ACT program for this study comprised the elderly aged 65 and over who had been suffering from chronic pain for at least 6 months and reported their pain intensity of at least five on the VAS (Visual Analogue Scale, 0-10). During the sessions, experimental group participated in the ACT program designed by Stoddard and Wetherell(2011) and the control group received health education. After finishing eight sessions of each program, data from 25 participants in the experimental group and 27 in the control group were used for the final analysis.

Results:

The results showed that the ACT program is significantly more effective on relieving pain, pain interference, anxiety, and psychological inflexibility in pain than health education program. However, anxiety and psychological inflexibility did not have significant mediating effects on pain and pain interference.

Conclusions:

Finally, this study has verified the curative effect of ACT for elderly people suffering from chronic pain. Therefore, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy can be used for supplementary treatment for patients with degenerative disease.


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