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A Study on Character Strength and Subjective Happiness of Oncology Nurses
Korean J Stress Res 2020;28:33-39
Published online March 31, 2020
© 2020 Korean Society of Stress Medicine.

So Li Kim1 , Young Suk Park2

1Department of Nursing, Graduate School, Korea National Open University, Seoul, 2Department of Nursing, Korea National Open University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Young Suk Park
Department of Nursing, Korea National Open University, 86 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 03087, Korea
Tel: +82-2-3668-4746
Fax: +82-2-3673-4274
Received May 10, 2019; Revised March 18, 2020; Accepted March 18, 2020.
Articles published in stress are open-access, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: The purpose of this study is to analyze characteristics of character strengths and effect factors of subjective happiness of oncology nurses. This research was conducted on the theoretical background of positive psychology.
Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study that data were collected from 182 oncology nurses working in a cancer hospital with 500 beds from January to March, 2017. The research instruments were self-reported questionnaires of VIA-IS and Subjective Happiness Scale. The data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, and multiple linear regression analysis.
Results: The average of items about total score of character strengths was 3.38 (±0.29) on the 5-point Likert scale and about subjective happiness was 4.95 (±0.90) on the 7-point Likert scale. Signature strengths of the subjects were classified by six sub-areas of character strengths, frequency of humanity was highest and followed by courage. The level of subjective happiness has significant positive correlations with character strengths. The factors that affect subjective happiness of oncology nurses were job-satisfaction and total score of character strengths. The explanatory power of these factors on the subjective happiness was 34.0%.
Conclusions: We recommend to develop a happiness enhancing program focused on job-satisfaction and character strengths for oncology nurses and to verify their effectiveness.
Keywords : Oncology nurses, Character strengths, Happiness, Job-satisfaction

March 2020, 28 (1)

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