search for


The Relationship between Mindfulness and Shame: Moderated Mediating Effect of Self- Blame and Self- Compassion for College Students
Korean J Stress Res 2020;28:17-24
Published online March 31, 2020
© 2020 Korean Society of Stress Medicine.

Yong Hee Kim

Department of Psychology, Gwangju University, Gwangju, Korea
Correspondence to: Yong Hee Kim
Department of Psychology, Gwangju University, 277 Hyodeok-ro, Nam-gu, Gwangju 61743, Korea
Tel: +82-62-670-2539
Fax: +82-62-670-2539
Received February 12, 2020; Revised March 16, 2020; Accepted March 17, 2020.
Articles published in stress are open-access, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: The purpose of this study was to explore the moderated mediating effect of self-compassion through self-blame on the relationship between mindfulness and shame.
Methods: A total of 315 college students participated in this study by completing the following questionnaires: Mindfulness Scale, Depressive Experience Questionnaire, Self-Compassion Scale, State Shame and Guilt Scale. Data were analyzed through SPSS22.0 and its macro. The main findings were as follows.
Results: First, the result of bootstrapping indicated that self-criticism partially mediated the relationship between mindfulness and shame. Second, hierarchical regression and slope analyses revealed the moderating effect of self-compassion on the relationship between self-criticism and shame. Finally, the results indicated that self-compassion moderated the mediating effect of mindfulness on shame through self-criticism.
Conclusions: Contributions of this study to an integrative understanding of the process of self-compassion was considered useful for future therapeutic intervention. Limitation and suggestions was also discussed.
Keywords : Mindfulness, Self-compassion, Self-criticism, Shame

March 2020, 28 (1)

Cited By Articles
  • CrossRef (0)

Author ORCID Information

Funding Information

Social Network Service