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Effects of Community-Based Psychological Interventions on Depressive Symptoms and Blood Glucose Control for Older Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta- Analysis
Korean J Stress Res 2020;28:1-9
Published online March 31, 2020
© 2020 Korean Society of Stress Medicine.

Heajin Yu1 , Boyoung Hwang2

1College of Nursing, Seoul National University & Seoul Metropolitan Eunpyeong Hospital, 2College of Nursing & The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Heajin Yu
College of Nursing, Seoul National University, 103 Daehak-ro, Jongro-gu, Seoul 13080, Korea
Tel: +82-2-740-8477
Fax: +82-2-740-8477
E-mail: heajinyu@snu.ac.kr
Received July 15, 2019; Revised February 13, 2020; Accepted February 14, 2020.
Articles published in stress are open-access, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Background: To review the effects of community-based psychological interventions on depressive symptoms and blood glucose levels of older individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D).
Methods: A literature search was conducted using seven electronic databases (CINAHL, EMbase, PubMed, CENTRAL, KoreaMed, KISS, and KMbase). The main search terms were ‘diabetes’, ‘depression’, ‘older adult’, and ‘psychological intervention’. The search was restricted to peer-reviewed RCTs published between January 1, 2008 and July 31, 2018.
Results: Five studies with a total of 596 participants met the inclusion criteria. Four studies that were included in the meta-analysis incorporated some form of behavioral strategies. Depressive symptoms were measured in four of the five studies, and HbA1c was measured in two of the five studies. The pooled SMD for depressive symptoms was −0.13 (95% CI, −0.31, 0.04; p=0.13) and −0.63 (95% CI, −0.98, −0.28; p<0.001) for HbA1c.
Conclusions: This review highlights the need for additional clinical trials for psychological interventions in older individuals with T2D, especially trials on a larger scale with a wider geographical scope.
Keywords : Diabetes, Depression, Older adults, Psychological interventions, Systematic review


March 2020, 28 (1)

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