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Negative Urgency Mediates the Relation between Negative Emotion and Smartphone Addiction
Korean J Stress Res 2019;27:396-403
Published online December 31, 2019
© 2019 Korean Society of Stress Medicine.

Ae Kyoung Lee1 , Hyejeen Lee2

1Boeun Hospital, Hwasun, 2Department of Psychology, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Korea
Correspondence to: Hyejeen Lee
Department of Psychology, Chonnam National University, 77 Yongbong-ro, Buk-gu, Gwangju 61196, Korea
Tel: +82-62-530-2650
Fax: +82-62-530-2659
Received November 27, 2019; Revised December 12, 2019; Accepted December 16, 2019.
Articles published in stress are open-access, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background:: Negative urgency is a tendency to engage in rash behaviors when experiencing negative emotions such as depression, anxiety, and stress, and is known to predict addictive behaviors. This study aimed to investigate the effect of negative urgency on smartphone addiction as one of behavioral addictions.
Methods: Self-report questionnaires were administered to 350 college (graduate) students to assess the level of depression, anxiety, stress, negative urgency, and smartphone addiction.
Results: Regression and bootstrapping analyses showed that negative urgency partially mediated the relationships between each of depression, anxiety, and stress and smartphone addiction, even after controlling for age, sex, and average time spent on smartphone per day.
Conclusions: Negative emotions such as depression, anxiety, or stress affect smartphone addiction through negative urgency. This finding suggests that intervention for smartphone addiction should focus not only on negative emotions but also on reducing negative urgency. Further implications and limitations of this study are discussed.
Keywords : Depression, Anxiety, Stress, Negative urgency, Smartphone addiction

December 2019, 27 (4)

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