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Relationships between Psychological Characteristics of Golfing, Psychological Protective Factors, and Stresses of Amateur Golfers
Korean J Stress Res 2019;27:91-97
Published online March 31, 2019
© 2019 Korean Society of Stress Medicine.

Jin Hoon Choi1 , Kyung Hyun Suh2

1Department of Physical Education, Konkuk University,
2Department of Counseling Psychology, Sahmyook University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Kyung Hyun Suh Department of Counseling Psychology, Sahmyook University, 815 Hwarang-ro, Nowon-gu, Seoul 01795, Korea Tel: +82-2-3399-1676 Fax: +82-2-3399-1680 E-mail:
Received January 7, 2019; Revised February 17, 2019; Accepted February 19, 2019.
Articles published in stress are open-access, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This study aims to explore the relations of psychological characteristics of golfing and psychological protective factors proven in previous studies to golf stresses of amateur golfers.


The participants were 204 amateur golfers. Data were analyzed by Pearson product-moment correlation and stepwise regression analysis using SPSS 23.0.


The results indicated that academic and intuitive approaches styles, golf-efficacy, and physical or social expectancy for golfing were positively correlated with golf stresses. Resilience and self-regulation were negatively correlated with golf stresses. Stepwise regression analysis showed that norm regulation accounted 35.5% variance of golf stresses, and confidence in golf, self-confidence, composure regulation, and cognitive approach to golf were also predictors.


Since this study has been conducted on an exploratory basis, some results of this study must be reverified, and a number of studies are expected to conduct based on the results.

Keywords : Stress, Efficacy, Expectancy, Self-regulation, Resilience

March 2020, 28 (1)

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