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The Influence of Traumatic Experience and Post-Event Rumination on Social Anxiety: The Mediating Effects of Self-Compassion
Korean J Stress Res 2019;27:74-81
Published online March 31, 2019
© 2019 Korean Society of Stress Medicine.

Suyeon Lee1 , Kyung Park2

1Gyeonggi Provincial Medical Center Uijeongbu Hospital, Uijeongbu,
2The Graduate School of Professional Therapeutic Technology Seoul Women’s Unversity, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Suyeon Lee Gyeonggi Provincial Medical Center Uijeongbu Hospital, 142 Heungseon-ro, Uijeongbu 11671, Korea Tel: +82-31-828-5254 Fax: +82-31-828-5024 E-mail:
Received January 25, 2019; Revised February 13, 2019; Accepted February 13, 2019.
Articles published in stress are open-access, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This study aims to analyze the effects of traumatic experience and post-event rumination which are known as occurrence and maintenance factors of social anxiety and verify the mediating effect of self-compassion to the relationship between traumatic experience and post-event rumination.


This study targeted 421 university students as research tools. Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS), Speech Anxiety Scale (SAS), Traumatic Experience Scale, Post-event Rumination Questionnaire (PRQ) and Korean-version of the Self-Compassion Scale (K-SCS) were used. The study results are as follows.


The results showed that social anxiety was high and self-compassion was low when traumatic experience was more frequent and post-event rumination was more frequent. Self- Compassion showed mediating effect in traumatic experience, post-event rumination and social anxiety. It can be interpreted that self-compassion indirectly reduces social anxiety.


While existing social anxiety-related studies have been mostly focused on negative cognition, this study explored self-compassion as a positive variable to reduce social anxiety. In conclusion, this study shows the importance of self-compassion promotion, traumatic experience and post-event rumination in therapeutic intervention for people who experience social anxiety. Including this, the study has discussed its limitations and made suggestions.

Keywords : Social anxiety, Traumatic experience, Post-event rumination, Self-compassion

March 2020, 28 (1)

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