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The Effect of Optimism Intervention and Implementation Intention on Depression, Optimism, Subjective Well-Being, Self-Efficacy in College Students
Korean J Stress Res 2019;27:64-73
Published online March 31, 2019
© 2019 Korean Society of Stress Medicine.

Kyung-Ae Kim

Gyeonggi Provincial Medical Center Uijeongbu Hospital, Uijeongbu, Korea
Correspondence to: Kyung-Ae Kim Department of Neuropsychiatry, Gyeonggi Provincial Medical Center Uijeongbu Hospital, 142 Heungseon-ro, Uijeongbu 11671, Korea Tel: +82-31-828-5254 Fax: +82-31-828-5024 E-mail: kim_ka88@naver.com
Received January 24, 2019; Revised February 13, 2019; Accepted February 23, 2019.
Articles published in stress are open-access, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract

Background:

This study examined the effect of optimism intervention consisting of writing and mental imagery about best possible self (BPS) and implementation intention on depression, optimism, subjective well-being, self-efficacy in college students.

Methods:

Sixty depressive college students were randomly assigned to BPS condition (n=21), BPS & implementation intention condition (n=20), and control condition (n=19). Depression, optimism, emotional well-being, cognitive well-being, self-efficacy were measured before and after each intervention. The pre-and post-survey data were analyzed through ANCOVA.

Results:

The results showed that compared to the control intervention, BPS intervention led to significantly larger decrease in depression and significantly larger increase in optimism, emotional well-being, cognitive well-being, and self-efficacy. Compared to the control intervention, BPS & implementation intention intervention led to significantly larger decrease in depression and significantly larger increase in optimism and emotional well-being.

Conclusions:

These findings suggest that optimism intervention and implementation intention has therapeutic implication in depressed group. Finally, the clinical implications and limitation of the present study were discussed.

Keywords : Depression, Optimism, Best possible self, Implementation intention, Subjective well-being


March 2019, 27 (1)

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