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A Systematic Review of the Suicide Prevention Program for the Elderly
Korean J Stress Res 2019;27:53-63
Published online March 31, 2019
© 2019 Korean Society of Stress Medicine.

Taekyun Gwon1 , Heeseung Choi2

1College of Nursing, Seoul National University,
2College of Nursing · The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Heeseung Choi College of Nursing, Seoul National University, 103 Daehak-ro, Jongro-gu, Seoul 13080, Korea Tel: +82-2-740-8852 Fax: +82-2-740-8852 E-mail:
Received January 25, 2019; Revised February 11, 2019; Accepted February 11, 2019.
Articles published in stress are open-access, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This study is a systematic review of literature to analyze the characteristics and effects of suicide prevention programs for the elderly.


We systematically reviewed literature published from 2007 to 2018 in 8 domestic and foreign databases (KISS, NDSL, Koreamed, RISS, Pubmed, CINAHL, EMBASE, CENTRAL). The main search terms were ‘elderly’, ‘suicide’, ‘intervention program’, and included 8 articles matching the selection criteria in the final analysis. The program was divided into activities, counseling, and community support programs.


Most of the programs effectively reduced suicidal ideation and depression by reducing suicide risk factors and improving protective factors.


As a result of the analysis, it was found that it is necessary to develop a specialized program for the prevention of suicide in the elderly considering social, environmental, personal and community characteristics.

Keywords : Aged, Suicide, Suicidal ideation, Methods

June 2019, 27 (2)

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